Industrial Revolution

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The Industrial Revolution first started in Britain in the late 1700s and soon spread to cover all of Europe. In the 1800s, the Industrial Revolution spread to America.

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  • What is the meaning of "Green Revolution"?

    Q: What is the meaning of "Green Revolution"?

    A: The Green Revolution is a term referring to the reformation of agricultural practices resulting in dramatic increases in crop yields. According to About.com, the Green Revolution began in Mexico in the 1940s. It then spread to countries around the world, helping to alleviate mass famine and feed millions of people.
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  • How did Andrew Carnegie impact America?

    Q: How did Andrew Carnegie impact America?

    A: Andrew Carnegie was an American industrialist and businessman who lived from 1835 until 1919. His role in the steel industry helped steel become the predominant material used in the construction of the railroads that unified the United States from east to west. Carnegie eventually gave away a large portion of his fortune. The money was used to build libraries, put organs in churches and fund scientific research and education.
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  • How did John D. Rockefeller treat his workers?

    Q: How did John D. Rockefeller treat his workers?

    A: John D. Rockefeller was known for treating his workers fairly. He had a reputation for joining his laborers in the field, and he was quick to compliment and slow to rebuke them. He wanted his workers to feel like part of the "Standard Oil Family," and he wanted every worker to be invested in the company's success. As a result, his workers respected him and worked hard.
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  • What was the reason for the Panama Canal?

    Q: What was the reason for the Panama Canal?

    A: The United States built the Panama Canal to create a relatively short, direct link for commercial and military shipping traffic between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. France attempted to build a canal there in the late 1800s, but gave up the project. The United States completed the construction between 1904 and 1914.
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  • How has transportation changed in the last 100 years?

    Q: How has transportation changed in the last 100 years?

    A: Transportation changed how humans interacted and lived thanks to radical innovations such as the automobile, electric rail cars, airplanes and internal combustion engines, according to the Smithsonian. Suburbs grew, people moved across the world faster and humans became more mobile because of transportation technology.
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  • How did the railroads help with the growth of industrialization?

    Q: How did the railroads help with the growth of industrialization?

    A: By providing a means for reliable transportation, the railroads made the regular shipping of manufacturing supplies and manufactured goods in mass quantities possible. As a result, the railroads laid the groundwork for the Industrial Revolution through providing a foundational need in the development of industry.
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  • Why was John D. Rockefeller important?

    Q: Why was John D. Rockefeller important?

    A: John D. Rockefeller was important due to his role in the creation of the oil trade monopoly called Standard Oil Company. He was highly successful and became the first American billionaire.
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  • What technology was available during the 1930s?

    Q: What technology was available during the 1930s?

    A: Planes, trains and automobiles were available during the 1930s, and other technological advances led to the availability of telephones, radios and electric ranges, which improved on their wood-burning or gas predecessors. In fact, the 1930 census included the question of whether families had radio in their homes. Radar, scotch tape, long-playing phonographs, frozen foods, color and talking movies, and cartoons were all inventions of the 1930s.
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  • Which country was Nikola Tesla from?

    Q: Which country was Nikola Tesla from?

    A: Nikola Tesla was born in 1856 in Smiljan, Lika, which was a part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. His birth town was a part of modern-day Croatia.
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  • What are some interesting facts about the Industrial Revolution?

    Q: What are some interesting facts about the Industrial Revolution?

    A: The Industrial Revolution occurred in the 18th and 19th centuries across Europe and America. It was precipitated when the use of engine-powered machines and other industrial features began to transform mostly rural and agrarian areas into densely populated urban centers. One major shift that took place was that manufacturing of things, such as tools, furniture and bullets, moved from primarily home-based processes to centralized industrial production.
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  • Why was coal important to the Industrial Revolution?

    Q: Why was coal important to the Industrial Revolution?

    A: Coal was important to the Industrial Revolution because it burned hotter than wood charcoal. The additional heat was needed in the boilers that ran the steam engines developed during the Industrial Revolution, according to the United States Department of Energy. The same source notes that coal became the dominant global supplier of energy during this time.
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  • How was factory life during the Industrial Revolution?

    Q: How was factory life during the Industrial Revolution?

    A: Factory life during the Industrial Revolution was exhausting, unsanitary and dangerous. Factories were damp, noisy, poorly ventilated and badly lit. Workers often had to labor for 12 to 14 hours a day with very few breaks.
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  • Where did the Industrial Revolution take place?

    Q: Where did the Industrial Revolution take place?

    A: The Industrial Revolution first started in Britain in the late 1700s and soon spread to cover all of Europe. In the 1800s, the Industrial Revolution spread to America.
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  • How did Cornelius Vanderbilt acquire his wealth?

    Q: How did Cornelius Vanderbilt acquire his wealth?

    A: Cornelius Vanderbilt acquired his wealth through shrewd competition in the shipping industry when he owned several steamship lines, and then he owned many powerful railroads that helped make cross-country transportation cheaper and more efficient. At the time of his death in 1877, Vanderbilt was worth an estimated $100 million, a sum equal to $26 billion in September 2014.
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  • How did the Industrial Revolution affect education?

    Q: How did the Industrial Revolution affect education?

    A: The Industrial Revolution brought several important changes to the field of education by making education accessible for children of all socioeconomic backgrounds and setting laws making education a requirement. Prior to the 1800s, the accessibility of education to children was spotty. Children born into wealthy families often had access to education, while children from impoverished families did not.
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  • Who invented the first steam engine and in what year?

    Q: Who invented the first steam engine and in what year?

    A: The first steam engine was invented by Thomas Savery in 1698, and it was based on a design by Denis Papin from a year earlier. Savery's engine was built to pump water out of coal mines, had no moving parts and used large amounts of coal to move very little water.
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  • What year was the telephone invented?

    Q: What year was the telephone invented?

    A: The telephone was invented in 1876 by Alexander Graham Bell. A fellow inventor, Elisha Gray, invented a voice transmission system at the same time, but Bell was first to patent his invention.
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  • What is Henry Ford famous for?

    Q: What is Henry Ford famous for?

    A: Henry Ford is most famous for founding the Ford Motor Company and developing innovative concepts in manufacturing. Ford conceived and introduced the assembly line as a form of mass production in 1914. His vision was to have skilled, well-paid workers sharing in the production of an affordable vehicle.
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  • Q: How did James Watt contribute to the Industrial Revolution?

    A: James Watt's key contribution to the Industrial Revolution was his improvement of steam engine technology. His enhancements reduced the waste of power that occurred in previous versions of the engine and allowed the steam engine to work constantly. The improvements to the steam engine were fundamental to the explosion of advances that occurred during the Industrial Revolution.
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  • Q: What are the results of the enclosure movement?

    A: The enclosure movement resulted in the division of formerly public agricultural and grazing land into smaller plots of private property. It first began and developed in England, and then later became policy in most of the rest of Europe.
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  • Q: What are the positive effects of industrialization?

    A: Industrialization offered gains in efficiency that affected almost every facet of life in society. Industrialization increased agricultural and manufacturing output, allowing people to take jobs in other sectors and increasing the amount of consumer goods and food available to the populace. Industrialization created significant population growth, as well as increases in economic output. It also spurred technological development, enabling scientific advances that changed the world.
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