French Revolution

A:

The massive debt of the French state, the resistance of the nobility and clergy toward any tax increases, the growth of Enlightenment philosophy, and a rise in food prices led to the French Revolution. All of these factors destabilized the Ancien Régime and increased the power of commoners.

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  • What led to the storming of the Bastille?

    Q: What led to the storming of the Bastille?

    A: The initial root cause of the storming of the Bastille, and the subsequent French Revolution, was France's economy. In the late 1700s, the country was in a financial crisis, which set in motion the sequence of events that led to the storming of the Bastille.
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  • Who were important people in the French Revolution?

    Q: Who were important people in the French Revolution?

    A: King Louis XVI, Maximilien de Robespierre, Georges Danton and Napoleon Bonaparte were important people during the French Revolution. During this period between 1789 and 1799, the people of France deposed and executed the king, set up a republic and dealt with substantial internal and external threats.
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  • What is Napoleon Bonaparte famous for?

    Q: What is Napoleon Bonaparte famous for?

    A: Napoleon Bonaparte is famous for being a European revolutionary, soldier, statesman and lawmaker. As suggested by Robert Wilde at About.com, he also exhibited some of the first modern dictatorial behavior, silencing political enemies, as well as severely censoring media publications. Within the context of military history, Bonaparte is often remembered and celebrated as one of the most talented and audacious commanders of all time.
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  • Which goal of the Revolution did Napoleon achieve?

    Q: Which goal of the Revolution did Napoleon achieve?

    A: One of the primary goals of the French Revolution that Napoleon eventually achieved was civil reform. Although he imposed his tyrannical will upon his subjects, he was also responsible for the unification and codification of French laws.
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  • How long did the French Revolution last?

    Q: How long did the French Revolution last?

    A: The French Revolution lasted roughly 10 years, beginning in 1789 and ending in 1799. The revolution came about because of resentment of the privileges of the aristocracy and the taxation policies of the French government on its people, despite years of bad harvests, to help relieve national debt.
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  • How did Napoleon come to power in France?

    Q: How did Napoleon come to power in France?

    A: Napoleon came into power in France due to military success in Italy, as well as his attack on the French Revolutionary government while it was under assault by a Parisian mob. On November 9th and 10th, 1799, he was put into power with two other consuls, Sieyes and Ducos.
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  • What occurred during the French Revolution?

    Q: What occurred during the French Revolution?

    A: During the French Revolution, France saw the end of the monarchy ruling the country and worked towards fair representation for the working classes. During this time, peasants rioted, looted and protested, and a new government was formed.
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  • When did Napoleon Bonaparte rule France?

    Q: When did Napoleon Bonaparte rule France?

    A: Napoleon Bonaparte ruled France from 1799 to 1815. He was First Consul of France from 1799 to 1804, and he was emperor of the French people from 1804 to 1814 and again in 1815.
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  • Was Marie Antoinette killed because of her fashion sense?

    Q: Was Marie Antoinette killed because of her fashion sense?

    A: Marie Antoinette was both loved and then hated for her extravagant tastes, but she was not ultimately put to death because of her love for high fashion. That great love of style while her subjects lived much humbler lives did, however, negatively alter her subjects' view of her.
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  • What were the causes of the Napoleonic Wars?

    Q: What were the causes of the Napoleonic Wars?

    A: The Napoleonic Wars were caused by the French Revolution, the bankruptcy of France as a nation under the monarchy, and the overthrow of the French aristocracy and royal family. Named for French general and dictator Napoleon Bonaparte, the Napoleonic Wars involved France's rise to power over much of western Europe from 1792 to 1815.
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  • What led to the French Revolution?

    Q: What led to the French Revolution?

    A: The massive debt of the French state, the resistance of the nobility and clergy toward any tax increases, the growth of Enlightenment philosophy, and a rise in food prices led to the French Revolution. All of these factors destabilized the Ancien Régime and increased the power of commoners.
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  • Where did the French Revolution take place?

    Q: Where did the French Revolution take place?

    A: The French Revolution took place throughout France. Battles were fought in different parts of the country including the Bastille in Paris. The revolution began in May 1789 with demands for change within the country. It ended with the deposition of the French Directory on Nov. 9, 1799.
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  • What is the difference between the American Revolution and the French Revolution?

    Q: What is the difference between the American Revolution and the French Revolution?

    A: One of the main differences between the revolutions is the status of countrymen involved in the revolt. For, instance, the American Revolution was between the American colonies and Great Britain. The French Revolution, however, was between French citizens and the French monarchy.
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  • How did Napoleon Bonaparte spread nationalism in England?

    Q: How did Napoleon Bonaparte spread nationalism in England?

    A: According to the Encyclopaedia Britannica, Napoleon Bonaparte spread nationalism in England by changing the balance of power in Europe and the rest of the world. Though the defeat of Napoleon was affected by an alliance of countries, England received primary credit for the victory. This enabled England to become the dominating force in Europe and a large portion of the rest of the world in the coming years.
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  • Q: What are some interesting facts about Louis XVI?

    A: Louis XVI was the last king of France and was removed from power and then had his head chopped off during the French Revolution in 1793. One reason the French public hated Louis XVI was that for marrying a foreigner, Marie Antoinette, the daughter of the Austrian emperor.
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  • Q: Who was the leader of the Jacobin Club?

    A: The Jacobin Club, formally known as the Society of the Friends of the Constitution, had four leaders in its six-year existence in Revolutionary France: de Mirabeau, Antonelle, Robespierre and de Barras. Arguably, Maximilien de Robespierre is the most well-known and most notorious of the presidents of this organization.
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  • Q: Why did the French Revolution fail?

    A: The French Revolution of 1789, while based on the ever-growing popular Enlightenment ideals put forth by philosophers such as Descartes, Voltaire, and Diderot, ultimately failed because the change in regime created a severe power vacuum. This allowed radicals to seize power and sow chaos within France.
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  • Q: Was the Reign of Terror justified?

    A: The Reign of Terror was a complicated sociopolitical occurrence that came about as a reaction to oppression but which came to adopt many of that same oppressive system's tactics, so its justification or lack thereof is largely a matter of opinion. It cannot be denied that the Reign of Terror was provoked, but moral positions differ on its rightness.
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  • Q: What was the problem faced by France in 1792?

    A: France was in the midst of a revolution in 1792 and faced a major change in its system of government. An insurrection in August of that year led to the storming of Tuileries Palace and the eventual execution of King Louis XVI.
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  • Q: Who led the Reign of Terror?

    A: The Reign of Terror during the French Revolution was led by Jacobin leader Maximilen de Robespierre. He took control of the military and police force under the Committee of Public Safety and the Revolution's governing body, the National Convention, and used these forces to purge people who disagreed with him.
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  • Q: Who is Napoleon?

    A: Napoleon Bonaparte, also referred to as Napoleon I, was a French emperor and military leader in the 18th and early 19th centuries. He conquered much of Europe during his reign as the Emperor of the French.
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