French Revolution

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During the French Revolution, France saw the end of the monarchy ruling the country and worked towards fair representation for the working classes. During this time, peasants rioted, looted and protested, and a new government was formed.

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  • When did Napoleon Bonaparte rule France?

    Q: When did Napoleon Bonaparte rule France?

    A: Napoleon Bonaparte ruled France from 1799 to 1815. He was First Consul of France from 1799 to 1804, and he was emperor of the French people from 1804 to 1814 and again in 1815.
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  • What were the causes of the Napoleonic Wars?

    Q: What were the causes of the Napoleonic Wars?

    A: The Napoleonic Wars were caused by the French Revolution, the bankruptcy of France as a nation under the monarchy, and the overthrow of the French aristocracy and royal family. Named for French general and dictator Napoleon Bonaparte, the Napoleonic Wars involved France's rise to power over much of western Europe from 1792 to 1815.
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  • What occurred during the French Revolution?

    Q: What occurred during the French Revolution?

    A: During the French Revolution, France saw the end of the monarchy ruling the country and worked towards fair representation for the working classes. During this time, peasants rioted, looted and protested, and a new government was formed.
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  • Which goal of the Revolution did Napoleon achieve?

    Q: Which goal of the Revolution did Napoleon achieve?

    A: One of the primary goals of the French Revolution that Napoleon eventually achieved was civil reform. Although he imposed his tyrannical will upon his subjects, he was also responsible for the unification and codification of French laws.
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  • Was Marie Antoinette killed because of her fashion sense?

    Q: Was Marie Antoinette killed because of her fashion sense?

    A: Marie Antoinette was both loved and then hated for her extravagant tastes, but she was not ultimately put to death because of her love for high fashion. That great love of style while her subjects lived much humbler lives did, however, negatively alter her subjects' view of her.
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  • How did Napoleon come to power in France?

    Q: How did Napoleon come to power in France?

    A: Napoleon came into power in France due to military success in Italy, as well as his attack on the French Revolutionary government while it was under assault by a Parisian mob. On November 9th and 10th, 1799, he was put into power with two other consuls, Sieyes and Ducos.
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  • How did the French Revolution start?

    Q: How did the French Revolution start?

    A: The social factors contributing to the start of the French Revolution included social stress from a large population as well as the intrusion of capitalism into everyday life and the consequent social disparities. An economy in crisis following France's involvement in the American Revolution as well as two decades of poor cereal harvest and drought, leading to an explosion in the price of bread, were also to blame.
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  • What led to the storming of the Bastille?

    Q: What led to the storming of the Bastille?

    A: The initial root cause of the storming of the Bastille, and the subsequent French Revolution, was France's economy. In the late 1700s, the country was in a financial crisis, which set in motion the sequence of events that led to the storming of the Bastille.
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  • Where did the French Revolution take place?

    Q: Where did the French Revolution take place?

    A: The French Revolution took place throughout France. Battles were fought in different parts of the country including the Bastille in Paris. The revolution began in May 1789 with demands for change within the country. It ended with the deposition of the French Directory on Nov. 9, 1799.
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  • What led to the French Revolution?

    Q: What led to the French Revolution?

    A: The massive debt of the French state, the resistance of the nobility and clergy toward any tax increases, the growth of Enlightenment philosophy, and a rise in food prices led to the French Revolution. All of these factors destabilized the Ancien Régime and increased the power of commoners.
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  • How long did the French Revolution last?

    Q: How long did the French Revolution last?

    A: The French Revolution lasted roughly 10 years, beginning in 1789 and ending in 1799. The revolution came about because of resentment of the privileges of the aristocracy and the taxation policies of the French government on its people, despite years of bad harvests, to help relieve national debt.
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  • What is Napoleon Bonaparte famous for?

    Q: What is Napoleon Bonaparte famous for?

    A: Napoleon Bonaparte is famous for being a European revolutionary, soldier, statesman and lawmaker. As suggested by Robert Wilde at About.com, he also exhibited some of the first modern dictatorial behavior, silencing political enemies, as well as severely censoring media publications. Within the context of military history, Bonaparte is often remembered and celebrated as one of the most talented and audacious commanders of all time.
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  • Who were important people in the French Revolution?

    Q: Who were important people in the French Revolution?

    A: King Louis XVI, Maximilien de Robespierre, Georges Danton and Napoleon Bonaparte were important people during the French Revolution. During this period between 1789 and 1799, the people of France deposed and executed the king, set up a republic and dealt with substantial internal and external threats.
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  • What is the difference between the American Revolution and the French Revolution?

    Q: What is the difference between the American Revolution and the French Revolution?

    A: One of the main differences between the revolutions is the status of countrymen involved in the revolt. For, instance, the American Revolution was between the American colonies and Great Britain. The French Revolution, however, was between French citizens and the French monarchy.
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  • Q: How did the Reign of Terror come to an end?

    A: The Reign of Terror came to an end when its leader, Maximilien Robespierre, was executed. The aim of the Reign of Terror was to purge France of those who opposed the French Revolution.
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  • What role did women play in the French Revolution?

    Q: What role did women play in the French Revolution?

    A: Although French public opinion toward women as a whole tended to consider them as wives and mothers, many French women had different ideas and were actively involved in all parts of the Revolution. Regardless of public opinion, women made many important strides to demonstrate their independence during this time of political change.
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  • Q: What were the most important causes of the French Revolution?

    A: The most important causes of the French Revolution were the nation's debt, the refusal of the nobility and the clergy to pay taxes, egalitarian philosophies, and high food costs. These factors destabilized society and increased the political influence of the commoners.
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  • Q: What year was the French Revolution?

    A: The French Revolution was a 10-year period of upheaval in the country that began in 1789 with the summoning of the Estates-General by King Louis XVI. The deputies of the three Estates of French society were to meet to deliberate voting on taxes to fund the financially weakened Bourbon monarchy.
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  • What was the conclusion of the French Revolution?

    Q: What was the conclusion of the French Revolution?

    A: The French Revolution concluded in 1799 with the fall and abolition of the French monarchy and the rise of Napoleon Bonaparte's dictatorship. In place of the monarchy, France established a democratic republic devoted to the ideas of liberalism, secularism and other philosophies that became popular during the Enlightenment. Despite the national devotion to republicanism, the empire grew increasingly authoritarian and militaristic under the leadership of Napoleon.
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  • What were long-term effects of the French Revolution?

    Q: What were long-term effects of the French Revolution?

    A: The French Revolution brought social reform to France by establishing and strengthening the middle class and influencing politics around the world, including the United States. The French Revolution began in 1789 and ended in 1799, although it was precipitated by a series of events and produced long-lasting changes that remained long after the Revolution officially ended.
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  • Q: How did Louis XIV impact the world?

    A: The court of Louis XIV was the political, social and cultural center of Europe during his long reign. Louis pioneered the centralized modern state, and the absolutist monarchy he created served as a model for virtually every other government in Europe.
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