French Revolution

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During the French Revolution, France saw the end of the monarchy ruling the country and worked towards fair representation for the working classes. During this time, peasants rioted, looted and protested, and a new government was formed.

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  • How long did the French Revolution last?

    Q: How long did the French Revolution last?

    A: The French Revolution lasted roughly 10 years, beginning in 1789 and ending in 1799. The revolution came about because of resentment of the privileges of the aristocracy and the taxation policies of the French government on its people, despite years of bad harvests, to help relieve national debt.
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  • What were the causes of the Napoleonic Wars?

    Q: What were the causes of the Napoleonic Wars?

    A: The Napoleonic Wars were caused by the French Revolution, the bankruptcy of France as a nation under the monarchy, and the overthrow of the French aristocracy and royal family. Named for French general and dictator Napoleon Bonaparte, the Napoleonic Wars involved France's rise to power over much of western Europe from 1792 to 1815.
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  • Was Marie Antoinette killed because of her fashion sense?

    Q: Was Marie Antoinette killed because of her fashion sense?

    A: Marie Antoinette was both loved and then hated for her extravagant tastes, but she was not ultimately put to death because of her love for high fashion. That great love of style while her subjects lived much humbler lives did, however, negatively alter her subjects' view of her.
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  • Where did the French Revolution take place?

    Q: Where did the French Revolution take place?

    A: The French Revolution took place throughout France. Battles were fought in different parts of the country including the Bastille in Paris. The revolution began in May 1789 with demands for change within the country. It ended with the deposition of the French Directory on Nov. 9, 1799.
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  • Who were important people in the French Revolution?

    Q: Who were important people in the French Revolution?

    A: King Louis XVI, Maximilien de Robespierre, Georges Danton and Napoleon Bonaparte were important people during the French Revolution. During this period between 1789 and 1799, the people of France deposed and executed the king, set up a republic and dealt with substantial internal and external threats.
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  • What led to the French Revolution?

    Q: What led to the French Revolution?

    A: The massive debt of the French state, the resistance of the nobility and clergy toward any tax increases, the growth of Enlightenment philosophy, and a rise in food prices led to the French Revolution. All of these factors destabilized the Ancien Régime and increased the power of commoners.
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  • When did Napoleon Bonaparte rule France?

    Q: When did Napoleon Bonaparte rule France?

    A: Napoleon Bonaparte ruled France from 1799 to 1815. He was First Consul of France from 1799 to 1804, and he was emperor of the French people from 1804 to 1814 and again in 1815.
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  • What occurred during the French Revolution?

    Q: What occurred during the French Revolution?

    A: During the French Revolution, France saw the end of the monarchy ruling the country and worked towards fair representation for the working classes. During this time, peasants rioted, looted and protested, and a new government was formed.
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  • How did the French Revolution start?

    Q: How did the French Revolution start?

    A: The social factors contributing to the start of the French Revolution included social stress from a large population as well as the intrusion of capitalism into everyday life and the consequent social disparities. An economy in crisis following France's involvement in the American Revolution as well as two decades of poor cereal harvest and drought, leading to an explosion in the price of bread, were also to blame.
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  • What is Napoleon Bonaparte famous for?

    Q: What is Napoleon Bonaparte famous for?

    A: Napoleon Bonaparte is famous for being a European revolutionary, soldier, statesman and lawmaker. As suggested by Robert Wilde at About.com, he also exhibited some of the first modern dictatorial behavior, silencing political enemies, as well as severely censoring media publications. Within the context of military history, Bonaparte is often remembered and celebrated as one of the most talented and audacious commanders of all time.
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  • What is the difference between the American Revolution and the French Revolution?

    Q: What is the difference between the American Revolution and the French Revolution?

    A: One of the main differences between the revolutions is the status of countrymen involved in the revolt. For, instance, the American Revolution was between the American colonies and Great Britain. The French Revolution, however, was between French citizens and the French monarchy.
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  • How did Napoleon come to power in France?

    Q: How did Napoleon come to power in France?

    A: Napoleon came into power in France due to military success in Italy, as well as his attack on the French Revolutionary government while it was under assault by a Parisian mob. On November 9th and 10th, 1799, he was put into power with two other consuls, Sieyes and Ducos.
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  • Which goal of the Revolution did Napoleon achieve?

    Q: Which goal of the Revolution did Napoleon achieve?

    A: One of the primary goals of the French Revolution that Napoleon eventually achieved was civil reform. Although he imposed his tyrannical will upon his subjects, he was also responsible for the unification and codification of French laws.
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  • What led to the storming of the Bastille?

    Q: What led to the storming of the Bastille?

    A: The initial root cause of the storming of the Bastille, and the subsequent French Revolution, was France's economy. In the late 1700s, the country was in a financial crisis, which set in motion the sequence of events that led to the storming of the Bastille.
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  • Q: When was the French Revolution?

    A: The French Revolution occurred from 1789 to 1799. It was a 10-year period of social and political unrest that affected the course of modern government forever, both in France and around the world. The French Revolution led to a global decline in monarchies and church led governments.
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  • Q: Why did Napoleon have his hand in his shirt?

    A: Posing with a hand tucked into one's waistcoat or vest was considered a sign of good breeding for men in Napoleon's era. The pose is associated with Napoleon because of the famous painting "Napoleon in His Study."
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  • Q: What was Jean-Jacques Rousseau famous for?

    A: Jean-Jacques Rousseau was a philosopher and composer who was famous for producing political philosophies that influenced the French revolution. Many of his political philosophers also influence modern sociological and educational practices.
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  • What were Napoleon's three mistakes?

    Q: What were Napoleon's three mistakes?

    A: Napoleon's three mistakes were using his inferior French navy to battle British naval forces, waging war against Russia and resuming power after he was exiled. These three mistakes greatly damaged his reputation.
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  • Q: What did the Bastille represent?

    A: The Bastille is a former fortress in Paris, France, that was famously stormed by a crowd during the French Revolution. It was a symbol of the cruelty and mistreatment of the common people by the French monarchy under Louis XVI.
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  • Why did Napoleon invade Russia?

    Q: Why did Napoleon invade Russia?

    A: According to the History Channel, the invasion of Russia in 1812 by Napoleon's Grande Armée of France was intended to force Russia's leader Czar Alexander I to the negotiating table to resolve differences between the two nations The attack was disastrous, leading to the decimation of Napoleon's army and eventually to his exile from France in 1814.
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  • Q: What are some defining events of the French Revolution?

    A: Some defining events of the French Revolution are the meeting of the Estates General, the fall of the Bastille, the march on Versailles and the dissolution of the National Assembly. After these events, war broke out, and following the attack on the Tuileries Palace, the Declaration of Republic and the Trial of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette occurred. The Reign of Terror and the rise of Napoleon are also key moments of the revolution.
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