Christopher Columbus attempted to sail for the Far East, to the countries which now make up the continent of Asia. He proposed that it would be faster and easier to reach Asia by sailing west rather than east.
A:The Silk Road started in the Chinese city of Chang'an and then split in many directions, so it reached its end in a number of different places, including Damascus, Tyre, Alexandria and the Ganges delta. The Silk Road was, therefore, an important conduit for goods between the eastern and western parts of the ancient world.
A:The Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortes conquered the Aztec empire in what is now Mexico. He was appointed as the first governor of New Spain and established Mexico City on the site of Tenochtitlan, the former capital of the Aztecs. Later in life, he hoped to find a strait linking the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, but instead he discovered the peninsula of Baja California and explored Mexico's Pacific coast.
A:American colonists did not allow ships carrying tea to dock in Philadelphia and New York and refused to pay the British-imposed tax in response to the Tea Act. Colonists dumped the tea off of three ships into Boston Harbor in what became known as the Boston Tea Party.
A:The Middle Colonies were good places to settle because they had fertile farmland, plenty of sun and rain and natural transportation methods. The Delaware and Hudson River, for example, were ideal bodies of water for transporting produce and crops.
A:George Orwell's essay "Shooting an Elephant" chronicles his experience in British-ruled Burma and his views on imperialism. Orwell was born and brought up in what is now known today as Burma. At the time of his birth, Burma was a province of colonial India, which was under British rule.
A:Christopher Columbus attempted to sail for the Far East, to the countries which now make up the continent of Asia. He proposed that it would be faster and easier to reach Asia by sailing west rather than east.
A:The Oregon Trail was a series of trails that led from Missouri to the Columbia River and Willamette Valley. It was used by missionary families, settlers, fur trappers and farmers to open a route of trade. The trails were originally used by Native Americans. During the late 1800s, the Oregon Trail was used for eastward cattle drives. By the 20th century, it became a key part of American iconography.
A:Although pirates have existed throughout history and still exist, the golden age of the pirate traditionally depicted in media was from 1620 to 1720. According to the Royal Naval Museum, pirates abounded during this era because of the vast wealth being transported from the New World.
A:The English victory over the Spanish Armada in 1588 was significant because it destroyed Spanish domination of the seas. The nationalism that the victory inspired also inspired a new wave of colonies in the New World.
A:Often credited with having "discovered" North America, Christopher Columbus had positive and negative effects on the world. His voyages helped establish new trade routes and bring new goods to England. On the down side, his arrival brought infectious diseases that wiped out Native American populations, and the colonization that followed destroyed thousands of years of Native American culture.
A:Lewis and Clark crossed the Bitterroot Mountain Range, a northern segment of the Rocky Mountains. Though the peaks of the Bitterroots average 9,000 to more than 11,000 feet, they found a westward route over the mountains through Lolo Pass, which is at an elevation of 5,236 feet.
A:The lives of colonial bakers began early in the day, as did that of other preparers of food, and it revolved upon proper time management and the usage of fresh ingredients. While the colonial diet consisted of a number of sources for starch and grain, baked goods were especially common.
A:Ernest Shackleton, who was born on Feb. 15, 1874, and died in Jan. 1922, was an Anglo-Irish explorer. He is best known for his trio of expeditions to Antarctica, most notably the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition of 1914 to 1917.
A:Hernando Cortes sailed for Spain. He traveled to the New World at the age of 19 and played a major role in advancing Spain's position in the Americas. He is best known for defeating the Aztec Empire and conquering Mexico for Spain.
A:Between 1607 and 1611, Henry Hudson made four exploratory journeys to the New World to try to find a passage through the Arctic to Asia. The first two journeys, in 1607 and 1608, were made on behalf of British companies. The third, in 1609, was financed by the Dutch East India Company. The fourth, in 1610-1611, was once again financed by the British.