Christopher Columbus attempted to sail for the Far East, to the countries which now make up the continent of Asia. He proposed that it would be faster and easier to reach Asia by sailing west rather than east.
A:The most important event in the timeline of Robert de La Salle was in 1682, when he canoed with some Frenchmen and Indians down the Mississippi River to its mouth. He claimed the entire river basin as "Louisiana" in honor of the king of France.
A:Charles Darwin caused controversy because his work on "The Origin of the Species" challenged the beliefs of creationism. Darwin's "The Origin of the Species" brought about skepticism all throughout the scientific world.
A:The Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortes conquered the Aztec empire in what is now Mexico. He was appointed as the first governor of New Spain and established Mexico City on the site of Tenochtitlan, the former capital of the Aztecs. Later in life, he hoped to find a strait linking the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, but instead he discovered the peninsula of Baja California and explored Mexico's Pacific coast.
A:The location of John Cabot at the time of his death is unknown. Conventional wisdom indicates that he died while on a seafaring expedition that commenced in 1498. Documents more recently discovered seem to place the explorer in England in 1500.
A:According to Biography.com, James Cook was a British explorer and cartographer most famous for leading the ship Endeavor to discover New Zealand and the Great Barrier Reef off of the coast of Australia in 1770. His map renderings of the Pacific ocean were considered to be the first accurate depictions available of the area.
A:Gandhi was called Mahatma as a sign of respect for his great character and deeds. The word Mahatma, erroneously considered to be Gandhi's birth name by some in the western society, originates from the Sanskrit words "maha", which means "great," and "atma," which means "soul." Rabindranath Tagore is known as the man who gave him the title.
A:The most significant and enduring things Marco Polo brought back from China were information and inspiration. During his travels in the East, Polo saw many things that were utterly foreign and new to Europeans, and his later account of his travels generated immense interest among his Western contemporaries. Similarly, his adventures summoned other Europeans to invest in exploration.
A:Christopher Columbus attempted to sail for the Far East, to the countries which now make up the continent of Asia. He proposed that it would be faster and easier to reach Asia by sailing west rather than east.
A:As History.com points out, though Christopher Columbus did not discover the New World, one of the impacts of his exploration was the opening of the North America to settlement and exploitation. Another impact was the devastation of the native population through disease, subjugation and environmental deterioration.
A:French explorer Jacques Cartier is most known for exploring the northern region of the Americas along the St. Lawrence River, and ultimately giving Canada its name. Cartier supported many prominent explorers before making his first solo voyage in 1534. His initial motives were to travel to India and other parts of Asia to engage in trade for profit for his family.
A:The French came to Canada to colonize the region for fur trading. New France was a colony of France for 150 years, and during that time, 10,000 people, most of whom were from France, immigrated to the area. These people were fur traders, indentured servants, members of the military, farmers and women sent by the king to help populate the colony.
A:Lewis and Clark were important because they undertook the first expedition to cross the western part of the United States all the way to the Pacific Ocean. During their expedition, they explored the newly acquired lands of the Louisiana Purchase, surveyed and mapped the land, established a U.S. presence for legal purposes, made friendly contact with many Native American tribes, and scientifically studied local flora and fauna.
A:Lewis and Clark crossed the Bitterroot Mountain Range, a northern segment of the Rocky Mountains. Though the peaks of the Bitterroots average 9,000 to more than 11,000 feet, they found a westward route over the mountains through Lolo Pass, which is at an elevation of 5,236 feet.
A:According to the BBC, Sir Douglas Mawson led an expedition to the Antarctic to explore unknown territory and advance scientific knowledge of the continent. He had been offered a place in Robert Falcon Scott's expedition, which was attempting to reach the South Pole first, but Mawson passed on the opportunity in order to lead his own expedition into the area of Antarctica south of Australia.
A:Hernando Cortes sailed for Spain. He traveled to the New World at the age of 19 and played a major role in advancing Spain's position in the Americas. He is best known for defeating the Aztec Empire and conquering Mexico for Spain.
A:The English victory over the Spanish Armada in 1588 was significant because it destroyed Spanish domination of the seas. The nationalism that the victory inspired also inspired a new wave of colonies in the New World.
A:According to the National Humanities Center, the first Spanish settlement in North America was La Isabela (Isabella), named for the Spanish queen. It was located on the northern coast of Hispaniola, now known as the Dominican Republic.
A:Great Britain received the vast majority of land east of the Mississippi River, including Canada, after the end of the French and Indian War. The city of New Orleans, however, became part of the Spanish holdings in North America.