Exploration & Imperialism

A:

The Pilgrims were a group of approximately 100 people who in 1620 sailed on the Mayflower ship to North America, known then as the New World from England; they were seeking freedom from religious oppression. The party landed at present-day Cape Cod, Mass and created a settlement at Plymouth Harbor.

See Full Answer
  • What Mythical Creature Did Marco Polo Claim to Find?

    Q: What Mythical Creature Did Marco Polo Claim to Find?

    A: The Italian explorer Marco Polo was responsible for introducing Europeans to many new discoveries, including some that were far from accurate; when Marco Polo saw a rhinoceros during his travels in Asia, he claimed to have seen a unicorn. Because Marco Polo was not used to seeing some of the non-mythical animals that are native to Asia, he confused what he saw, which included animals such as crocodiles and large snakes, for mythical creatures. Photographic technology had not yet been developed at the time of Marco Polo's 13th-century travels, and the explorer's personal accounts were converted into drawings.
    See Full Answer
  • What Were the Barbados Slave Codes?

    Q: What Were the Barbados Slave Codes?

    A: The Barbados Slave Codes were laws set up by the British to justify the practice of slavery and legalize the planters' inhumane treatment of their slaves. Under these codes, the slaves had the status of farm animals or chattel and had no human rights.
    See Full Answer
  • What Did James Cook Discover?

    Q: What Did James Cook Discover?

    A: James Cook discovered the South Sandwich Islands, explored the east coast of Australia and made the first firmly documented visit to Hawaii. He was one of the most important explorers in European history.
    See Full Answer
  • What Was the Purpose of the Oregon Trail?

    Q: What Was the Purpose of the Oregon Trail?

    A: The Oregon Trail was a series of trails that led from Missouri to the Columbia River and Willamette Valley. It was used by missionary families, settlers, fur trappers and farmers to open a route of trade. The trails were originally used by Native Americans. During the late 1800s, the Oregon Trail was used for eastward cattle drives. By the 20th century, it became a key part of American iconography.
    See Full Answer
  • Where Was the First Spanish Settlement in North America?

    Q: Where Was the First Spanish Settlement in North America?

    A: According to the National Humanities Center, the first Spanish settlement in North America was La Isabela (Isabella), named for the Spanish queen. It was located on the northern coast of Hispaniola, now known as the Dominican Republic.
    See Full Answer
  • Who Was the First Person to Travel Around the World?

    Q: Who Was the First Person to Travel Around the World?

    A: The expedition led by Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan was the first to completely circumnavigate the globe, although Magellan himself was unable to finish the trip. He was killed by hostile forces in the Philippines in 1521, leaving his men to make the return trip home without him.
    See Full Answer
  • How Was Imperialism Justified?

    Q: How Was Imperialism Justified?

    A: Throughout the late 19th and early 20th centuries, imperialism was justified through the theory of Social Darwinism. This theory sought to apply the theory of biological Darwinism, as proposed by Charles Darwin in "Origin of Species," to human societies. Imperialists justified invading a foreign territory by citing the improvements their culture and innovation had on the occupied territory.
    See Full Answer
  • How Did Christopher Columbus Die?

    Q: How Did Christopher Columbus Die?

    A: Christopher Columbus died in 1506. Modern doctors believe he suffered from Reiter's Syndrome, or reactive arthritis, an illness caused by intestinal bacterial infections or sexually transmitted diseases like gonorrhea. No one is sure how old Columbus was at the time of his death, but historians place his age at around 55.
    See Full Answer
  • What Is the Significance of England's Defeat of the Spanish Armada?

    Q: What Is the Significance of England's Defeat of the Spanish Armada?

    A: The English victory over the Spanish Armada in 1588 was significant because it destroyed Spanish domination of the seas. The nationalism that the victory inspired also inspired a new wave of colonies in the New World.
    See Full Answer
  • What Was the Significance of the Louisiana Purchase?

    Q: What Was the Significance of the Louisiana Purchase?

    A: The significance of the Louisiana Purchase was that it allowed the United States to continue its westward expansion, it more than doubled the size of the U.S. and it kept the U.S. from going to war with France. It was a shrewd business move on Napoleon's part because he needed money for his war with England, and he knew he couldn't keep the Americans out of New Orleans without a fight, which he didn't have the military to cover.
    See Full Answer
  • What Is Ferdinand Magellan Famous For?

    Q: What Is Ferdinand Magellan Famous For?

    A: Ferdinand Magellan was a Portuguese explorer famous for being the first European to cross the Pacific Ocean. His expedition also helped prove that the globe could be circumnavigated by ship.
    See Full Answer
  • Who Is Ernest Shackleton?

    Q: Who Is Ernest Shackleton?

    A: Ernest Shackleton, who was born on Feb. 15, 1874, and died in Jan. 1922, was an Anglo-Irish explorer. He is best known for his trio of expeditions to Antarctica, most notably the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition of 1914 to 1917.
    See Full Answer
  • Who First Discovered Gold?

    Q: Who First Discovered Gold?

    A: The discovery of gold cannot be attributed to just one person or one civilization because it is found in all corners of the globe. Historians have found evidence that suggests that gold has been used since 2600 B.C.
    See Full Answer
  • How Long Did It Take Columbus to Cross the Atlantic?

    Q: How Long Did It Take Columbus to Cross the Atlantic?

    A: Christopher Columbus' first voyage across the Atlantic took approximately two months. Christopher Columbus started his voyage in Palos, Spain in early August of 1492 with three ships: the Nina, the Pinta and the Santa Maria. He arrived at a Bahamian island he later named San Salvador on October 12, 1492.
    See Full Answer
  • How Did Napoleon Affect Europe?

    Q: How Did Napoleon Affect Europe?

    A: Napoleon's influence on Europe included the spread of nationalism, shifts in world power, major redrawing of political boundaries and the diffusion of Napoleonic ideas of governance. The political climate of Europe following Napoleon's downfall was very different than it had been prior to his rise to power. The political forces and ideologies resulting from the Napoleonic era influenced European politics in the following two centuries, contributing to the World Wars.
    See Full Answer
  • Who Were the Pilgrims?

    Q: Who Were the Pilgrims?

    A: The Pilgrims were a group of approximately 100 people who in 1620 sailed on the Mayflower ship to North America, known then as the New World from England; they were seeking freedom from religious oppression. The party landed at present-day Cape Cod, Mass and created a settlement at Plymouth Harbor.
    See Full Answer
  • Why Did the French Come to Canada?

    Q: Why Did the French Come to Canada?

    A: The French came to Canada to colonize the region for fur trading. New France was a colony of France for 150 years, and during that time, 10,000 people, most of whom were from France, immigrated to the area. These people were fur traders, indentured servants, members of the military, farmers and women sent by the king to help populate the colony.
    See Full Answer
  • When Did Horses Arrive in North America?

    Q: When Did Horses Arrive in North America?

    A: The modern horse was introduced to North America in 1519 by Spanish conquistadors. Hernán Cortés brought 15 horses to the mainland, and many of them were granted to settlers in Mexico and New Mexico. Further expeditions brought more horses, and large, wild herds existed in America by the 17th century.
    See Full Answer
  • Who Colonized Indonesia?

    Q: Who Colonized Indonesia?

    A: The colonization of Indonesia started with the Dutch in the early 17th century. The Japanese came to occupy Indonesia from 1942 to 1945. Indonesia declared its independence on Aug. 17, 1945.
    See Full Answer
  • What Is the Timeline for Alvar Nunez Cabeza De Vaca's Life?

    Q: What Is the Timeline for Alvar Nunez Cabeza De Vaca's Life?

    A: Cabeza de Vaca was born in 1490 and lived until 1557. During his life, he explored parts of North and South America.
    See Full Answer
  • What Is James Cook Famous For?

    Q: What Is James Cook Famous For?

    A: According to Biography.com, James Cook was a British explorer and cartographer most famous for leading the ship Endeavor to discover New Zealand and the Great Barrier Reef off of the coast of Australia in 1770. His map renderings of the Pacific ocean were considered to be the first accurate depictions available of the area.
    See Full Answer