Exploration & Imperialism

A:

The main staple crops of the American colonies were tobacco, corn, wheat and cotton. A variety of fruits and vegetables were also grown on a smaller scale.

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  • What is the impact of the exploration of Christopher Columbus?

    Q: What is the impact of the exploration of Christopher Columbus?

    A: As History.com points out, though Christopher Columbus did not discover the New World, one of the impacts of his exploration was the opening of the North America to settlement and exploitation. Another impact was the devastation of the native population through disease, subjugation and environmental deterioration.
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  • What mythical creature did Marco Polo claim to find?

    Q: What mythical creature did Marco Polo claim to find?

    A: The Italian explorer Marco Polo was responsible for introducing Europeans to many new discoveries, including some that were far from accurate; when Marco Polo saw a rhinoceros during his travels in Asia, he claimed to have seen a unicorn. Because Marco Polo was not used to seeing some of the non-mythical animals that are native to Asia, he confused what he saw, which included animals such as crocodiles and large snakes, for mythical creatures. Photographic technology had not yet been developed at the time of Marco Polo's 13th-century travels, and the explorer's personal accounts were converted into drawings.
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  • Why is Davy Crockett famous?

    Q: Why is Davy Crockett famous?

    A: Davy Crockett is famous for having been a frontiersman, politician, soldier and defender of the Alamo. The stories about his legendary ability as a frontiersman are exaggerated, though he was a skilled woodsman and storyteller.
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  • What is the life of a colonial baker?

    Q: What is the life of a colonial baker?

    A: The lives of colonial bakers began early in the day, as did that of other preparers of food, and it revolved upon proper time management and the usage of fresh ingredients. While the colonial diet consisted of a number of sources for starch and grain, baked goods were especially common.
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  • Who colonized Indonesia?

    Q: Who colonized Indonesia?

    A: The colonization of Indonesia started with the Dutch in the early 17th century. The Japanese came to occupy Indonesia from 1942 to 1945. Indonesia declared its independence on Aug. 17, 1945.
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  • Why did the French come to Canada?

    Q: Why did the French come to Canada?

    A: The French came to Canada to colonize the region for fur trading. New France was a colony of France for 150 years, and during that time, 10,000 people, most of whom were from France, immigrated to the area. These people were fur traders, indentured servants, members of the military, farmers and women sent by the king to help populate the colony.
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  • Why did Italians come to America?

    Q: Why did Italians come to America?

    A: According to PBS, Italians originally immigrated to American as refugees from war during the Risorgimento, or Italian Revolution. Many other Italians came later to escape the extreme poverty that caused malnutrition and disease at home. There were not many opportunities for landless peasants in Southern Italy. Even those who owned land found it hard to grow enough food in the poor soil.
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  • What was the significance of the Louisiana Purchase?

    Q: What was the significance of the Louisiana Purchase?

    A: The significance of the Louisiana Purchase was that it allowed the United States to continue its westward expansion, it more than doubled the size of the U.S. and it kept the U.S. from going to war with France. It was a shrewd business move on Napoleon's part because he needed money for his war with England, and he knew he couldn't keep the Americans out of New Orleans without a fight, which he didn't have the military to cover.
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  • When did horses arrive in North America?

    Q: When did horses arrive in North America?

    A: The modern horse was introduced to North America in 1519 by Spanish conquistadors. Hernán Cortés brought 15 horses to the mainland, and many of them were granted to settlers in Mexico and New Mexico. Further expeditions brought more horses, and large, wild herds existed in America by the 17th century.
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  • What were the countries of the British Empire?

    Q: What were the countries of the British Empire?

    A: The British Empire held Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Tonga, Fiji, Western Samoa, India, Burma, Papa New Guinea, Malaya, Sarawak, Brunei, Oman, Iraq, Egypt, Libya, Sudan, Kenya, Uganda, Northern and Southern Rhodesia, Tanganyika, Zanzibar, Mauritius, the Maldives, South Africa, Swaziland, Nigeria, Gold Coast, and Sierra Leone, among other countries during its reign. It has also held a portion of the present day United States and China.
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  • What did Marco Polo bring back from China?

    Q: What did Marco Polo bring back from China?

    A: The most significant and enduring things Marco Polo brought back from China were information and inspiration. During his travels in the East, Polo saw many things that were utterly foreign and new to Europeans, and his later account of his travels generated immense interest among his Western contemporaries. Similarly, his adventures summoned other Europeans to invest in exploration.
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  • Why did Sir Douglas Mawson go to the Antarctic?

    Q: Why did Sir Douglas Mawson go to the Antarctic?

    A: According to the BBC, Sir Douglas Mawson led an expedition to the Antarctic to explore unknown territory and advance scientific knowledge of the continent. He had been offered a place in Robert Falcon Scott's expedition, which was attempting to reach the South Pole first, but Mawson passed on the opportunity in order to lead his own expedition into the area of Antarctica south of Australia.
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  • How was imperialism justified?

    Q: How was imperialism justified?

    A: Throughout the late 19th and early 20th centuries, imperialism was justified through the theory of Social Darwinism. This theory sought to apply the theory of biological Darwinism, as proposed by Charles Darwin in "Origin of Species," to human societies. Imperialists justified invading a foreign territory by citing the improvements their culture and innovation had on the occupied territory.
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  • Why did Charles Darwin cause controversy?

    Q: Why did Charles Darwin cause controversy?

    A: Charles Darwin caused controversy because his work on "The Origin of the Species" challenged the beliefs of creationism. Darwin's "The Origin of the Species" brought about skepticism all throughout the scientific world.
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  • How many miles did Ferdinand Magellan travel?

    Q: How many miles did Ferdinand Magellan travel?

    A: Ferdinand Magellan traveled more than 42,000 miles and led the first successful expedition to circumnavigate the Earth. According to New World Encyclopedia, the exact distance he traveled around the world was 14,460 leagues (43,400 miles or 69,800 kilometers), which took him a little longer than three years.
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  • What British act levied an internal tax on various documents and articles in the American colonies?

    Q: What British act levied an internal tax on various documents and articles in the American colonies?

    A: The Stamp Act levied a tax on all legal documents in the American colonies. It was passed by the British parliament on March 22, 1765. The tax was not limited to documents; it covered any form of printed paper. Newspapers, licenses and all forms of publications were also taxed.
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  • What were the Barbados Slave Codes?

    Q: What were the Barbados Slave Codes?

    A: The Barbados Slave Codes were laws set up by the British to justify the practice of slavery and legalize the planters' inhumane treatment of their slaves. Under these codes, the slaves had the status of farm animals or chattel and had no human rights.
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  • Where was the first Spanish settlement in North America?

    Q: Where was the first Spanish settlement in North America?

    A: According to the National Humanities Center, the first Spanish settlement in North America was La Isabela (Isabella), named for the Spanish queen. It was located on the northern coast of Hispaniola, now known as the Dominican Republic.
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  • Where did Hernando Cortes explore?

    Q: Where did Hernando Cortes explore?

    A: The Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortes conquered the Aztec empire in what is now Mexico. He was appointed as the first governor of New Spain and established Mexico City on the site of Tenochtitlan, the former capital of the Aztecs. Later in life, he hoped to find a strait linking the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, but instead he discovered the peninsula of Baja California and explored Mexico's Pacific coast.
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  • Why were Lewis and Clark so important?

    Q: Why were Lewis and Clark so important?

    A: Lewis and Clark were important because they undertook the first expedition to cross the western part of the United States all the way to the Pacific Ocean. During their expedition, they explored the newly acquired lands of the Louisiana Purchase, surveyed and mapped the land, established a U.S. presence for legal purposes, made friendly contact with many Native American tribes, and scientifically studied local flora and fauna.
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  • What made the Middle Colonies a good place to settle?

    Q: What made the Middle Colonies a good place to settle?

    A: The Middle Colonies were good places to settle because they had fertile farmland, plenty of sun and rain and natural transportation methods. The Delaware and Hudson River, for example, were ideal bodies of water for transporting produce and crops.
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