Computer History

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Among the many impacts of computers on education are the ability of students to access the Internet to facilitate research, the globalization effect of the interaction between students in different countries, access to educational materials from museums and other institutions, and the option of distance education for those unable to attend physical schools. Computers also offer graphics, simulations, model building, games and other programs to reinforce classroom instruction.

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  • What is the impact of computers on education?

    Q: What is the impact of computers on education?

    A: Among the many impacts of computers on education are the ability of students to access the Internet to facilitate research, the globalization effect of the interaction between students in different countries, access to educational materials from museums and other institutions, and the option of distance education for those unable to attend physical schools. Computers also offer graphics, simulations, model building, games and other programs to reinforce classroom instruction.
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  • Why is Bill Gates successful?

    Q: Why is Bill Gates successful?

    A: Bill Gates, founder of Microsoft and one of the richest men on Earth, is successful due to a handful of universal strategies anyone can apply. Gates' success in creating a billion-dollar company is the result of creating value, forming strategic partnerships and being passionate about his field. In addition, Gates' philanthropy makes him successful in a much broader sense.
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  • Who invented the Internet?

    Q: Who invented the Internet?

    A: The invention of the Internet is credited primarily to the developers of ARPANET, a project of the U.S. Department of Defense and dozens of universities. This complex technology, however, has been developed over time by hundreds of innovators and inventors.
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  • Why did Steve Jobs name his company Apple?

    Q: Why did Steve Jobs name his company Apple?

    A: Steve Jobs named his company Apple because his biggest competitor at the time was Atari, and he wanted to be ahead of Atari alphabetically in the phone book. Ironically, neither Atari nor the phone book is used much these days.
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  • When was the computer invented?

    Q: When was the computer invented?

    A: Charles Babbage invented his analytical engine between 1833 and 1871. The first freely programmable calculator, considered the first digital computer, was called the Z1 and was created in 1936 by Konrad Zuse. It spurred computer development around the world.
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  • When did the first computer come out?

    Q: When did the first computer come out?

    A: The Z3, designed in Germany by Konrad Zuse and completed in 1941, is widely considered to be the first programmable computer. While later computers were significantly faster, the Z3 laid the groundwork for further development.
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  • When was the Internet first launched?

    Q: When was the Internet first launched?

    A: The Internet was developed during a period of time, but its beginning was in the 1960s. It began with the development of the so-called ARPAnet in the 1960s.
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  • Why were computers invented?

    Q: Why were computers invented?

    A: Computers were invented to make complex mathematical calculations possible and make tasks easier for humans. Even modern computers perform calculations in addition to the myriad other tasks they perform. While the first computers were simple devices, modern computers use cutting-edge technology and advanced materials to perform calculations at an incredible rate.
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  • How have computers improved lives?

    Q: How have computers improved lives?

    A: Computers have practically revolutionized almost every aspect of modern life. Computers have led to advances in mathematics, science, communication, economics, medicine, art, media, politics and almost every other aspect of human life.
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  • When was the keyboard invented?

    Q: When was the keyboard invented?

    A: The manual keyboard was invented in 1868 by Christopher Latham Sholes, the inventor of the manual typewriter. The electric computer keyboard was invented in 1948 for the Binac computer and resembled an electric typewriter.
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  • Q: How old is the Internet?

    A: The Internet was activated in 1969 as a network of university mainframe computers, making it 45 years old in 2014. The original name for the Internet was ARPANET because it was created by ARPA, the Advanced Research Projects Agency. ARPA was created in 1958 by the U.S. Department of Defense.
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  • Q: When was the first electronic computer built?

    A: Defense workers in England built the first electronic computer in late 1943 and early 1944. They called the machine "Colossus," and used it to decipher German military codes during World War II. Code-breaking personnel eventually employed 10 separate Colossus computers to process more than 60 million characters of encoded messages.
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  • Who invented the first satellite?

    Q: Who invented the first satellite?

    A: While the name of the person who first developed satellite technology is unknown, the Soviet Union is credited with successfully launching the first manmade satellite, the Sputnik 1, in 1957. The United States launched its first communications satellite, the Echo, in 1959.
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  • Q: Where can you find life history about Bill Gates?

    A: The Biography website features a full biography of Bill Gates including a video overview of his life. The site includes a picture gallery of Bill Gates through the years as well as headlines outlining each phase of his life.
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  • Q: Who invented the first motherboard?

    A: The IBM personal computer contained the first motherboard, which was referred to as the “breadboard” and was released in 1981. The breadboard provided a platform for the computers RAM and CPU and also had ports for a keyboard, mouse and cassette tape.
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  • Q: What company did Bruce Artwick form in 1977?

    A: Bruce Artwick formed the company called SubLogic in 1977. In 1978, the company released the flight simulator program he created, which Microsoft bought the rights to in 1981. Artwick left SubLogic in 1988.
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  • Q: Who created the computer?

    A: In 1822, Charles Babbage first idealized a machine capable of making computations. In 1936, Alan Turing created the first modern-style computer, and Konrad Zuse created the first electronic-programmable computer. In 1942, John Vincent Atanasoff created the first digital computer. In 1953, IBM designed and marketed the first mass-produced computer.
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  • Q: When was the Internet first created?

    A: The first working prototype of the Internet was invented in 1965 by a scientist from M.I.T. The network was known as ARPAnet.
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  • Q: What are the disadvantages of computers in our lives?

    A: Negative effects of computers in the lives of humans include increased cybercrimes and loss of jobs. In addition, people require training in order to use computers. At the same time, computers are costly, and also require additional infrastructure such as software.
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  • Q: What is a brief history of the first computer?

    A: The first computer was designed by English mathematician Charles Babbage in the 1800s. He referred to it as an Analytical Engine, and although it was never built, its design became the framework for the design of modern computers.
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  • Q: What does the acronym "PDF" stand for?

    A: The acronym "PDF" stands for "Portable Document Format." PDF is a file type invented by Adobe Systems and initially released in 1993. As of 2014, this format for electronic document exchange is maintained by the International Organization for Standardization.
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