Computer History

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Among the many impacts of computers on education are the ability of students to access the Internet to facilitate research, the globalization effect of the interaction between students in different countries, access to educational materials from museums and other institutions, and the option of distance education for those unable to attend physical schools. Computers also offer graphics, simulations, model building, games and other programs to reinforce classroom instruction.

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  • When was the Internet first launched?

    Q: When was the Internet first launched?

    A: The Internet was developed during a period of time, but its beginning was in the 1960s. It began with the development of the so-called ARPAnet in the 1960s.
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  • When did the first computer come out?

    Q: When did the first computer come out?

    A: The Z3, designed in Germany by Konrad Zuse and completed in 1941, is widely considered to be the first programmable computer. While later computers were significantly faster, the Z3 laid the groundwork for further development.
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  • When was the computer invented?

    Q: When was the computer invented?

    A: Charles Babbage invented his analytical engine between 1833 and 1871. The first freely programmable calculator, considered the first digital computer, was called the Z1 and was created in 1936 by Konrad Zuse. It spurred computer development around the world.
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  • How have computers improved lives?

    Q: How have computers improved lives?

    A: Computers have practically revolutionized almost every aspect of modern life. Computers have led to advances in mathematics, science, communication, economics, medicine, art, media, politics and almost every other aspect of human life.
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  • Why were computers invented?

    Q: Why were computers invented?

    A: Computers were invented to make complex mathematical calculations possible and make tasks easier for humans. Even modern computers perform calculations in addition to the myriad other tasks they perform. While the first computers were simple devices, modern computers use cutting-edge technology and advanced materials to perform calculations at an incredible rate.
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  • Why did Steve Jobs name his company Apple?

    Q: Why did Steve Jobs name his company Apple?

    A: Steve Jobs named his company Apple because his biggest competitor at the time was Atari, and he wanted to be ahead of Atari alphabetically in the phone book. Ironically, neither Atari nor the phone book is used much these days.
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  • Who invented the Internet?

    Q: Who invented the Internet?

    A: The invention of the Internet is credited primarily to the developers of ARPANET, a project of the U.S. Department of Defense and dozens of universities. This complex technology, however, has been developed over time by hundreds of innovators and inventors.
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  • When was the keyboard invented?

    Q: When was the keyboard invented?

    A: The manual keyboard was invented in 1868 by Christopher Latham Sholes, the inventor of the manual typewriter. The electric computer keyboard was invented in 1948 for the Binac computer and resembled an electric typewriter.
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  • Why is Bill Gates successful?

    Q: Why is Bill Gates successful?

    A: Bill Gates, founder of Microsoft and one of the richest men on Earth, is successful due to a handful of universal strategies anyone can apply. Gates' success in creating a billion-dollar company is the result of creating value, forming strategic partnerships and being passionate about his field. In addition, Gates' philanthropy makes him successful in a much broader sense.
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  • What is the impact of computers on education?

    Q: What is the impact of computers on education?

    A: Among the many impacts of computers on education are the ability of students to access the Internet to facilitate research, the globalization effect of the interaction between students in different countries, access to educational materials from museums and other institutions, and the option of distance education for those unable to attend physical schools. Computers also offer graphics, simulations, model building, games and other programs to reinforce classroom instruction.
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  • History 101: Who invented the internet?

    Q: History 101: Who invented the internet?

    A: No single person invented the Internet, but some of those credited with its creation include Robert E. Kahn, Vinton G. Cerf, Leonard Kleinrock, J.C.R. Licklider and Larry G. Roberts. While many people associate the World Wide Web (WWW) with the beginning of the Internet, the World Wide Web wasn't actually introduced until 1991. The WWW made the Internet popular among the public for accessing Web pages, but the Internet is the actual global network that the WWW now operates on.
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  • Q: When was the first laptop made?

    A: The GRiD Compass — the first real laptop with a flat screen and folding clamshell construction — was made in 1982 by the GRiD Systems Corporation of Fremont, California, having been designed in 1979 by British inventor Bill Moggridge. Although the concept of so-called "portable computers" had been around for much longer, including Alan Kay's Dynabook tablet PC in 1968, they existed only as plans awaiting the requisite technologies for realization.
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  • Q: When was the first electronic computer built?

    A: Defense workers in England built the first electronic computer in late 1943 and early 1944. They called the machine "Colossus," and used it to decipher German military codes during World War II. Code-breaking personnel eventually employed 10 separate Colossus computers to process more than 60 million characters of encoded messages.
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  • Who invented the first tablet PC?

    Q: Who invented the first tablet PC?

    A: The invention of the first tablet PC, or personal computer, is credited to three men: Alan Kay, Steve Jobs and Bill Moggridge. Computer specialist Kay created the concept for the tablet PC in the early 1960s, which he called the Dynabook, but need technical expertise to build the product. Technical enthusiast Jobs analyzed Kay’s product in the 1970s, and lent a hand in determining the components needed to build the machine.
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  • Q: How has technology changed the workplace?

    A: Technology has changed the workplace by making transnational communication possible; it has made communication faster and it has allowed employees to operate at a distance from their place of work. In addition, technology has made it necessary for workplaces to employ or outsource work to technicians.
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  • Q: Who invented software?

    A: Ada Lovelace is considered the first computer programmer and the first to write software for a computer. The program was published along with her notes for Babbage's Analytical Engine in 1843, though the Engine was never completed.
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  • Q: How does technology make life easier?

    A: Technology makes life easier through a number of developments, including telemedicine, augmented reality, product service systems and the creation of more efficient city designs. Developments in technology allow humans a range of opportunities to make life easier, more sustainable and more comfortable, according to Christian Sager for Stuff of Genius from HowStuffWorks.
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  • Q: Where was the first computer made?

    A: The first functional computer was made in 1936 by Konrad Zuse in his parents' living room in Germany. It was called the Z1 and was the first freely programmable, electro-mechanical computer.
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  • Q: What are the disadvantages of computers in our lives?

    A: Negative effects of computers in the lives of humans include increased cybercrimes and loss of jobs. In addition, people require training in order to use computers. At the same time, computers are costly, and also require additional infrastructure such as software.
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  • Q: What is a brief history of computer technology?

    A: In 1822, the mathematician Charles Babbage designed the first programmable computer, which was steam powered and programmed with punch cards. However, Babbage was unable to complete the machine, which he called a difference engine, due to a lack of government funding. In 1936, Alan Turing conceived of the first electronic computing machine capable of calculating anything computable and storing programs in memory. Various prototypes were secretly built and used during World War II to decode German military radio transmissions.
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  • Q: When was the first mechanical computer made?

    A: The first mechanical computer was the Difference Engine built in 1822 by Charles Babbage, considered as the "father of the computer." Between 1847 and 1849, he made an improved version of his first model, which he called Difference Engine No. 2. However, the machine was not transformed into a full-scale functional device due to lack of funding.
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