Computer History

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Among the many impacts of computers on education are the ability of students to access the Internet to facilitate research, the globalization effect of the interaction between students in different countries, access to educational materials from museums and other institutions, and the option of distance education for those unable to attend physical schools. Computers also offer graphics, simulations, model building, games and other programs to reinforce classroom instruction.

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  • Why did Steve Jobs name his company Apple?

    Q: Why did Steve Jobs name his company Apple?

    A: Steve Jobs named his company Apple because his biggest competitor at the time was Atari, and he wanted to be ahead of Atari alphabetically in the phone book. Ironically, neither Atari nor the phone book is used much these days.
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  • Who invented the Internet?

    Q: Who invented the Internet?

    A: The invention of the Internet is credited primarily to the developers of ARPANET, a project of the U.S. Department of Defense and dozens of universities. This complex technology, however, has been developed over time by hundreds of innovators and inventors.
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  • Why is Bill Gates successful?

    Q: Why is Bill Gates successful?

    A: Bill Gates, founder of Microsoft and one of the richest men on Earth, is successful due to a handful of universal strategies anyone can apply. Gates' success in creating a billion-dollar company is the result of creating value, forming strategic partnerships and being passionate about his field. In addition, Gates' philanthropy makes him successful in a much broader sense.
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  • What is the impact of computers on education?

    Q: What is the impact of computers on education?

    A: Among the many impacts of computers on education are the ability of students to access the Internet to facilitate research, the globalization effect of the interaction between students in different countries, access to educational materials from museums and other institutions, and the option of distance education for those unable to attend physical schools. Computers also offer graphics, simulations, model building, games and other programs to reinforce classroom instruction.
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  • Why were computers invented?

    Q: Why were computers invented?

    A: Computers were invented to make complex mathematical calculations possible and make tasks easier for humans. Even modern computers perform calculations in addition to the myriad other tasks they perform. While the first computers were simple devices, modern computers use cutting-edge technology and advanced materials to perform calculations at an incredible rate.
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  • When was the computer invented?

    Q: When was the computer invented?

    A: Charles Babbage invented his analytical engine between 1833 and 1871. The first freely programmable calculator, considered the first digital computer, was called the Z1 and was created in 1936 by Konrad Zuse. It spurred computer development around the world.
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  • When did the first computer come out?

    Q: When did the first computer come out?

    A: The Z3, designed in Germany by Konrad Zuse and completed in 1941, is widely considered to be the first programmable computer. While later computers were significantly faster, the Z3 laid the groundwork for further development.
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  • When was the Internet first launched?

    Q: When was the Internet first launched?

    A: The Internet was developed during a period of time, but its beginning was in the 1960s. It began with the development of the so-called ARPAnet in the 1960s.
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  • When was the keyboard invented?

    Q: When was the keyboard invented?

    A: The manual keyboard was invented in 1868 by Christopher Latham Sholes, the inventor of the manual typewriter. The electric computer keyboard was invented in 1948 for the Binac computer and resembled an electric typewriter.
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  • Q: Where was the first computer made?

    A: The first functional computer was made in 1936 by Konrad Zuse in his parents' living room in Germany. It was called the Z1 and was the first freely programmable, electro-mechanical computer.
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  • Q: What contribution did Ada Byron make to computing?

    A: Ada Byron wrote a plan giving suggestions on how the Analytical Engine, created by Charles Babbage, could be used to produce a table of the Bernoulli numbers. In 1979, the U.S. Department of Defense developed a software program and named it "Ada" in honor of her contribution in computing.
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  • When was the Internet discovered?

    Q: When was the Internet discovered?

    A: The hypothesis of the Internet was first written about by J.C.R. Licklider, but the actual building of it did not occur until 1969 with the creation of ARPANET. The first two nodes to be connected were at UCLA's Network Measurement Center and the Stanford Research Institute.
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  • Q: What is quantum computing?

    A: Quantum computing is the use of quantum computer systems, which use quantum bits, or qubits, rather than binary digits, or bits. Quantum computers solve problems much faster than digital computers. As of 2014, quantum computing is very new and has only been successfully executed with very few qubits.
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  • Q: What are the disadvantages of computers in our lives?

    A: Negative effects of computers in the lives of humans include increased cybercrimes and loss of jobs. In addition, people require training in order to use computers. At the same time, computers are costly, and also require additional infrastructure such as software.
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  • Q: What is a Gray code?

    A: The term "Gray code" refers to a binary progression of coded numbers where successive terms only differ by a single bit position. It was named after Frank Gray, who devised the binary reflected Gray code used to convert analog signals into binary string numbers.
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  • How old was Bill Gates when he started Microsoft?

    Q: How old was Bill Gates when he started Microsoft?

    A: Bill Gates was 20 years old when he started Microsoft with his partner Paul Allen, who was 22 years old at that time. Bill gates dropped out of Harvard College so that he could pursue his dream of starting his own computer company.
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  • Q: Who invented the personal computer?

    A: Several people had a hand in the invention of the personal computer. In 1971, Intel engineer Ted Hoff developed the microprocessor, which enabled huge computers to be scaled down. In 1974, Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems produced a personal computer kit named the Altair.
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  • Q: How old is the Internet?

    A: The Internet was activated in 1969 as a network of university mainframe computers, making it 45 years old in 2014. The original name for the Internet was ARPANET because it was created by ARPA, the Advanced Research Projects Agency. ARPA was created in 1958 by the U.S. Department of Defense.
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  • Q: In what year was the internet available to the general public?

    A: On August 6, 1991, the World Wide Web became available to the public. On that date, Tim Berners-Lee, the creator of the Web, added a piece to the alt.hypertext newsgroup announcing the change, ushering in a new era of communication.
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  • Q: What are fifth-generation computers?

    A: The fifth-generation computer was a project spearheaded by Japan in order to move ahead of Western computer technology. The plan was to overhaul computer technology and create their own.
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  • Q: How has technology changed the workplace?

    A: Technology has changed the workplace by making transnational communication possible; it has made communication faster and it has allowed employees to operate at a distance from their place of work. In addition, technology has made it necessary for workplaces to employ or outsource work to technicians.
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