Computer History

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Among the many impacts of computers on education are the ability of students to access the Internet to facilitate research, the globalization effect of the interaction between students in different countries, access to educational materials from museums and other institutions, and the option of distance education for those unable to attend physical schools. Computers also offer graphics, simulations, model building, games and other programs to reinforce classroom instruction.

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  • When was the Internet first launched?

    Q: When was the Internet first launched?

    A: The Internet was developed during a period of time, but its beginning was in the 1960s. It began with the development of the so-called ARPAnet in the 1960s.
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  • When did the first computer come out?

    Q: When did the first computer come out?

    A: The Z3, designed in Germany by Konrad Zuse and completed in 1941, is widely considered to be the first programmable computer. While later computers were significantly faster, the Z3 laid the groundwork for further development.
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  • What is the impact of computers on education?

    Q: What is the impact of computers on education?

    A: Among the many impacts of computers on education are the ability of students to access the Internet to facilitate research, the globalization effect of the interaction between students in different countries, access to educational materials from museums and other institutions, and the option of distance education for those unable to attend physical schools. Computers also offer graphics, simulations, model building, games and other programs to reinforce classroom instruction.
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  • When was the computer invented?

    Q: When was the computer invented?

    A: Charles Babbage invented his analytical engine between 1833 and 1871. The first freely programmable calculator, considered the first digital computer, was called the Z1 and was created in 1936 by Konrad Zuse. It spurred computer development around the world.
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  • Why were computers invented?

    Q: Why were computers invented?

    A: Computers were invented to make complex mathematical calculations possible and make tasks easier for humans. Even modern computers perform calculations in addition to the myriad other tasks they perform. While the first computers were simple devices, modern computers use cutting-edge technology and advanced materials to perform calculations at an incredible rate.
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  • Why is Bill Gates successful?

    Q: Why is Bill Gates successful?

    A: Bill Gates, founder of Microsoft and one of the richest men on Earth, is successful due to a handful of universal strategies anyone can apply. Gates' success in creating a billion-dollar company is the result of creating value, forming strategic partnerships and being passionate about his field. In addition, Gates' philanthropy makes him successful in a much broader sense.
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  • Why did Steve Jobs name his company Apple?

    Q: Why did Steve Jobs name his company Apple?

    A: Steve Jobs named his company Apple because his biggest competitor at the time was Atari, and he wanted to be ahead of Atari alphabetically in the phone book. Ironically, neither Atari nor the phone book is used much these days.
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  • Who invented the Internet?

    Q: Who invented the Internet?

    A: The invention of the Internet is credited primarily to the developers of ARPANET, a project of the U.S. Department of Defense and dozens of universities. This complex technology, however, has been developed over time by hundreds of innovators and inventors.
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  • How have computers improved lives?

    Q: How have computers improved lives?

    A: Computers have practically revolutionized almost every aspect of modern life. Computers have led to advances in mathematics, science, communication, economics, medicine, art, media, politics and almost every other aspect of human life.
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  • When was the keyboard invented?

    Q: When was the keyboard invented?

    A: The manual keyboard was invented in 1868 by Christopher Latham Sholes, the inventor of the manual typewriter. The electric computer keyboard was invented in 1948 for the Binac computer and resembled an electric typewriter.
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  • Q: What is quantum computing?

    A: Quantum computing is the use of quantum computer systems, which use quantum bits, or qubits, rather than binary digits, or bits. Quantum computers solve problems much faster than digital computers. As of 2014, quantum computing is very new and has only been successfully executed with very few qubits.
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  • Q: Who created the first computer?

    A: The first digital computer, the Atanasoff-Berry Computer or ABC, was developed by John Vincent Atanasoff and his student, Cliff Berry, between 1937 and 1942. The ABC, however, was not fully functional; therefore, many consider the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer or ENIAC the first example of a electronic digital computer.
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  • Who was Steve Jobs?

    Q: Who was Steve Jobs?

    A: Steve Jobs was the co-founder of Apple Computers alongside Steve Wozniak. During his two tenures as the company's CEO, Jobs helped introduce a range of innovative products, such as the iPhone, iPad and iPod. He passed away in 2011 in Palo Alto due to pancreatic cancer. Aside from Apple, Steve Jobs also played a role in the development of companies such as Pixar and NeXT Inc.
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  • Q: Why is a computer a powerful tool?

    A: Computers are powerful tools because they can process information with incredible speed, accuracy and dependability. They can efficiently perform input, process, output and storage operations, and they can store massive amounts of data.
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  • Q: What was the first word processing program used in 1979?

    A: The first word processing program used in 1979 was WordStar. The software was published by MicroPro International and became the most successful word processor throughout the 1980s.
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  • Who is Chris Putnam?

    Q: Who is Chris Putnam?

    A: Chris Putnam is a computer engineer who was hired by Facebook after successfully hacking the website in 2005. Chris Putnam created a virus that changed Facebook users' profiles to resemble profiles on MySpace, another popular social media site at the time.
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  • Q: Where can you find life history about Bill Gates?

    A: The Biography website features a full biography of Bill Gates including a video overview of his life. The site includes a picture gallery of Bill Gates through the years as well as headlines outlining each phase of his life.
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  • Q: What is a Gray code?

    A: The term "Gray code" refers to a binary progression of coded numbers where successive terms only differ by a single bit position. It was named after Frank Gray, who devised the binary reflected Gray code used to convert analog signals into binary string numbers.
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  • Q: Who invented email?

    A: Email was invented by V.A. Shiva Ayyadurai, who started developing the electronic mail system in 1978, at age 14. He holds the original copyright for the term 'EMAIL.'
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  • Q: Who created the computer?

    A: In 1822, Charles Babbage first idealized a machine capable of making computations. In 1936, Alan Turing created the first modern-style computer, and Konrad Zuse created the first electronic-programmable computer. In 1942, John Vincent Atanasoff created the first digital computer. In 1953, IBM designed and marketed the first mass-produced computer.
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  • Q: What was the reason for the invention of the Internet?

    A: In response to a request from the United States Department of Defense, work began on a system that would enable computers to connect and share information between universities. The first successful connection between two locations was achieved in 1969 through a system called ARPAnet, often written as ARPANET, and is considered to be the predecessor of the modern Internet. The actual start of the U.S. government-supported development of the protocols and packet-switched systems required to share information across research centers began as early as 1962 and was in response to the first successful launch of an orbiting satellite, Sputnik, by the Soviet Union in 1957.
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