Computer History

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Among the many impacts of computers on education are the ability of students to access the Internet to facilitate research, the globalization effect of the interaction between students in different countries, access to educational materials from museums and other institutions, and the option of distance education for those unable to attend physical schools. Computers also offer graphics, simulations, model building, games and other programs to reinforce classroom instruction.

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  • When was the keyboard invented?

    Q: When was the keyboard invented?

    A: The manual keyboard was invented in 1868 by Christopher Latham Sholes, the inventor of the manual typewriter. The electric computer keyboard was invented in 1948 for the Binac computer and resembled an electric typewriter.
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  • Why did Steve Jobs name his company Apple?

    Q: Why did Steve Jobs name his company Apple?

    A: Steve Jobs named his company Apple because his biggest competitor at the time was Atari, and he wanted to be ahead of Atari alphabetically in the phone book. Ironically, neither Atari nor the phone book is used much these days.
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  • When was the computer invented?

    Q: When was the computer invented?

    A: Charles Babbage invented his analytical engine between 1833 and 1871. The first freely programmable calculator, considered the first digital computer, was called the Z1 and was created in 1936 by Konrad Zuse. It spurred computer development around the world.
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  • Who invented the Internet?

    Q: Who invented the Internet?

    A: The invention of the Internet is credited primarily to the developers of ARPANET, a project of the U.S. Department of Defense and dozens of universities. This complex technology, however, has been developed over time by hundreds of innovators and inventors.
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  • When was the Internet first launched?

    Q: When was the Internet first launched?

    A: The Internet was developed during a period of time, but its beginning was in the 1960s. It began with the development of the so-called ARPAnet in the 1960s.
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  • When did the first computer come out?

    Q: When did the first computer come out?

    A: The Z3, designed in Germany by Konrad Zuse and completed in 1941, is widely considered to be the first programmable computer. While later computers were significantly faster, the Z3 laid the groundwork for further development.
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  • Why were computers invented?

    Q: Why were computers invented?

    A: Computers were invented to make complex mathematical calculations possible and make tasks easier for humans. Even modern computers perform calculations in addition to the myriad other tasks they perform. While the first computers were simple devices, modern computers use cutting-edge technology and advanced materials to perform calculations at an incredible rate.
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  • Why is Bill Gates successful?

    Q: Why is Bill Gates successful?

    A: Bill Gates, founder of Microsoft and one of the richest men on Earth, is successful due to a handful of universal strategies anyone can apply. Gates' success in creating a billion-dollar company is the result of creating value, forming strategic partnerships and being passionate about his field. In addition, Gates' philanthropy makes him successful in a much broader sense.
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  • How have computers improved lives?

    Q: How have computers improved lives?

    A: Computers have practically revolutionized almost every aspect of modern life. Computers have led to advances in mathematics, science, communication, economics, medicine, art, media, politics and almost every other aspect of human life.
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  • What is the impact of computers on education?

    Q: What is the impact of computers on education?

    A: Among the many impacts of computers on education are the ability of students to access the Internet to facilitate research, the globalization effect of the interaction between students in different countries, access to educational materials from museums and other institutions, and the option of distance education for those unable to attend physical schools. Computers also offer graphics, simulations, model building, games and other programs to reinforce classroom instruction.
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  • Q: Who invented the laptop?

    A: Most historians believe the Osborne 1, invented by Adam Osborne in 1981, to be the first real portable computer. Weighing 24 pounds, including its 5-inch screen, the Osborne 1 was never a big success.
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  • Q: In what city and state is the Computer History Museum located?

    A: The Computer History Museum is located in Mountain View, California at 1401 N Shoreline Blvd. As of 2014, there are many exhibits within the museum, such as "Revolution: The First 2,000 Years of Computing," which premiered in 2011 and features 19 alcoves with multi-media displays, each featuring an iconic object.
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  • Q: What are some benefits of science and technology?

    A: Some of the benefits to science are that it allows researchers to learn new ideas that have practical applications; benefits of technology include the ability to create new machines that increase productivity and save lives. Science often provides the knowledge needed to create new pieces of technology, and technology helps enable scientific advances.
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  • When was the Internet discovered?

    Q: When was the Internet discovered?

    A: The hypothesis of the Internet was first written about by J.C.R. Licklider, but the actual building of it did not occur until 1969 with the creation of ARPANET. The first two nodes to be connected were at UCLA's Network Measurement Center and the Stanford Research Institute.
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  • Q: When was the first mechanical computer made?

    A: The first mechanical computer was the Difference Engine built in 1822 by Charles Babbage, considered as the "father of the computer." Between 1847 and 1849, he made an improved version of his first model, which he called Difference Engine No. 2. However, the machine was not transformed into a full-scale functional device due to lack of funding.
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  • Q: What is a Gray code?

    A: The term "Gray code" refers to a binary progression of coded numbers where successive terms only differ by a single bit position. It was named after Frank Gray, who devised the binary reflected Gray code used to convert analog signals into binary string numbers.
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  • Q: How old is the Internet?

    A: The Internet was activated in 1969 as a network of university mainframe computers, making it 45 years old in 2014. The original name for the Internet was ARPANET because it was created by ARPA, the Advanced Research Projects Agency. ARPA was created in 1958 by the U.S. Department of Defense.
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  • Q: What did Steve Jobs invent?

    A: Although Steve Jobs was listed as a co-inventor on numerous patents, he did not really invent anything in the traditional sense. Jobs was a business executive known for his leadership and vision.
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  • Q: Which computer is rated best for senior citizens?

    A: One highly rated computer for senior citizens is the TouchSmart 610 all-in-one computer by Hewlett Packard. All-in-one computers are great for seniors with limited mobility and who need smaller machines.
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  • Q: When was email invented?

    A: Email was invented in 1972 by Ray Tomlinson, who figured out a way to send a message from computer to computer. He chose the @ symbol in order to do this. Jon Postel was one of the first to use email.
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  • Q: What is the history of the Egghead computer store?

    A: The computer software retail company Egghead Software was initially founded as a single store in 1984 by Victor Alhadeff. The original Bellevue, Washington, location sought to make software sales more accessible and less technically imposing for common consumers.
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