Computer History

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Among the many impacts of computers on education are the ability of students to access the Internet to facilitate research, the globalization effect of the interaction between students in different countries, access to educational materials from museums and other institutions, and the option of distance education for those unable to attend physical schools. Computers also offer graphics, simulations, model building, games and other programs to reinforce classroom instruction.

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  • How have computers improved lives?

    Q: How have computers improved lives?

    A: Computers have practically revolutionized almost every aspect of modern life. Computers have led to advances in mathematics, science, communication, economics, medicine, art, media, politics and almost every other aspect of human life.
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  • Why did Steve Jobs name his company Apple?

    Q: Why did Steve Jobs name his company Apple?

    A: Steve Jobs named his company Apple because his biggest competitor at the time was Atari, and he wanted to be ahead of Atari alphabetically in the phone book. Ironically, neither Atari nor the phone book is used much these days.
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  • When did the first computer come out?

    Q: When did the first computer come out?

    A: The Z3, designed in Germany by Konrad Zuse and completed in 1941, is widely considered to be the first programmable computer. While later computers were significantly faster, the Z3 laid the groundwork for further development.
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  • Who invented the Internet?

    Q: Who invented the Internet?

    A: The invention of the Internet is credited primarily to the developers of ARPANET, a project of the U.S. Department of Defense and dozens of universities. This complex technology, however, has been developed over time by hundreds of innovators and inventors.
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  • When was the Internet first launched?

    Q: When was the Internet first launched?

    A: The Internet was developed during a period of time, but its beginning was in the 1960s. It began with the development of the so-called ARPAnet in the 1960s.
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  • What is the impact of computers on education?

    Q: What is the impact of computers on education?

    A: Among the many impacts of computers on education are the ability of students to access the Internet to facilitate research, the globalization effect of the interaction between students in different countries, access to educational materials from museums and other institutions, and the option of distance education for those unable to attend physical schools. Computers also offer graphics, simulations, model building, games and other programs to reinforce classroom instruction.
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  • Why is Bill Gates successful?

    Q: Why is Bill Gates successful?

    A: Bill Gates, founder of Microsoft and one of the richest men on Earth, is successful due to a handful of universal strategies anyone can apply. Gates' success in creating a billion-dollar company is the result of creating value, forming strategic partnerships and being passionate about his field. In addition, Gates' philanthropy makes him successful in a much broader sense.
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  • Why were computers invented?

    Q: Why were computers invented?

    A: Computers were invented to make complex mathematical calculations possible and make tasks easier for humans. Even modern computers perform calculations in addition to the myriad other tasks they perform. While the first computers were simple devices, modern computers use cutting-edge technology and advanced materials to perform calculations at an incredible rate.
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  • When was the keyboard invented?

    Q: When was the keyboard invented?

    A: The manual keyboard was invented in 1868 by Christopher Latham Sholes, the inventor of the manual typewriter. The electric computer keyboard was invented in 1948 for the Binac computer and resembled an electric typewriter.
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  • When was the computer invented?

    Q: When was the computer invented?

    A: Charles Babbage invented his analytical engine between 1833 and 1871. The first freely programmable calculator, considered the first digital computer, was called the Z1 and was created in 1936 by Konrad Zuse. It spurred computer development around the world.
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  • Who is Chris Putnam?

    Q: Who is Chris Putnam?

    A: Chris Putnam is a computer engineer who was hired by Facebook after successfully hacking the website in 2005. Chris Putnam created a virus that changed Facebook users' profiles to resemble profiles on MySpace, another popular social media site at the time.
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  • Q: Who invented the personal computer?

    A: Several people had a hand in the invention of the personal computer. In 1971, Intel engineer Ted Hoff developed the microprocessor, which enabled huge computers to be scaled down. In 1974, Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems produced a personal computer kit named the Altair.
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  • Q: In what year was the internet available to the general public?

    A: On August 6, 1991, the World Wide Web became available to the public. On that date, Tim Berners-Lee, the creator of the Web, added a piece to the alt.hypertext newsgroup announcing the change, ushering in a new era of communication.
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  • Q: What are fifth-generation computers?

    A: The fifth-generation computer was a project spearheaded by Japan in order to move ahead of Western computer technology. The plan was to overhaul computer technology and create their own.
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  • Q: What are some benefits of science and technology?

    A: Some of the benefits to science are that it allows researchers to learn new ideas that have practical applications; benefits of technology include the ability to create new machines that increase productivity and save lives. Science often provides the knowledge needed to create new pieces of technology, and technology helps enable scientific advances.
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  • Q: How has technology changed society?

    A: Technology has changed how humans interact with each other socially, how people purchase products and how the workplace functions, notes Megan Rose Dickey for Business Insider. Internet and Internet technologies are a strong force behind societal-changing communication and technology.
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  • Q: What is quantum computing?

    A: Quantum computing is the use of quantum computer systems, which use quantum bits, or qubits, rather than binary digits, or bits. Quantum computers solve problems much faster than digital computers. As of 2014, quantum computing is very new and has only been successfully executed with very few qubits.
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  • Q: When was email invented?

    A: Email was invented in 1972 by Ray Tomlinson, who figured out a way to send a message from computer to computer. He chose the @ symbol in order to do this. Jon Postel was one of the first to use email.
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  • Q: Where can you find life history about Bill Gates?

    A: The Biography website features a full biography of Bill Gates including a video overview of his life. The site includes a picture gallery of Bill Gates through the years as well as headlines outlining each phase of his life.
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  • Q: What is a Gray code?

    A: The term "Gray code" refers to a binary progression of coded numbers where successive terms only differ by a single bit position. It was named after Frank Gray, who devised the binary reflected Gray code used to convert analog signals into binary string numbers.
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  • Q: What was the first word processing program used in 1979?

    A: The first word processing program used in 1979 was WordStar. The software was published by MicroPro International and became the most successful word processor throughout the 1980s.
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