Computer History

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Computers were invented to make complex mathematical calculations possible and make tasks easier for humans. Even modern computers perform calculations in addition to the myriad other tasks they perform. While the first computers were simple devices, modern computers use cutting-edge technology and advanced materials to perform calculations at an incredible rate.

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  • When was the keyboard invented?

    Q: When was the keyboard invented?

    A: The manual keyboard was invented in 1868 by Christopher Latham Sholes, the inventor of the manual typewriter. The electric computer keyboard was invented in 1948 for the Binac computer and resembled an electric typewriter.
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  • When was the computer invented?

    Q: When was the computer invented?

    A: Charles Babbage invented his analytical engine between 1833 and 1871. The first freely programmable calculator, considered the first digital computer, was called the Z1 and was created in 1936 by Konrad Zuse. It spurred computer development around the world.
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  • When did the first computer come out?

    Q: When did the first computer come out?

    A: The Z3, designed in Germany by Konrad Zuse and completed in 1941, is widely considered to be the first programmable computer. While later computers were significantly faster, the Z3 laid the groundwork for further development.
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  • Why is Bill Gates successful?

    Q: Why is Bill Gates successful?

    A: Bill Gates, founder of Microsoft and one of the richest men on Earth, is successful due to a handful of universal strategies anyone can apply. Gates' success in creating a billion-dollar company is the result of creating value, forming strategic partnerships and being passionate about his field. In addition, Gates' philanthropy makes him successful in a much broader sense.
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  • What is the impact of computers on education?

    Q: What is the impact of computers on education?

    A: Among the many impacts of computers on education are the ability of students to access the Internet to facilitate research, the globalization effect of the interaction between students in different countries, access to educational materials from museums and other institutions, and the option of distance education for those unable to attend physical schools. Computers also offer graphics, simulations, model building, games and other programs to reinforce classroom instruction.
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  • When was the Internet first launched?

    Q: When was the Internet first launched?

    A: The Internet was developed during a period of time, but its beginning was in the 1960s. It began with the development of the so-called ARPAnet in the 1960s.
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  • How have computers improved lives?

    Q: How have computers improved lives?

    A: Computers have practically revolutionized almost every aspect of modern life. Computers have led to advances in mathematics, science, communication, economics, medicine, art, media, politics and almost every other aspect of human life.
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  • Why did Steve Jobs name his company Apple?

    Q: Why did Steve Jobs name his company Apple?

    A: Steve Jobs named his company Apple because his biggest competitor at the time was Atari, and he wanted to be ahead of Atari alphabetically in the phone book. Ironically, neither Atari nor the phone book is used much these days.
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  • Who invented the Internet?

    Q: Who invented the Internet?

    A: The invention of the Internet is credited primarily to the developers of ARPANET, a project of the U.S. Department of Defense and dozens of universities. This complex technology, however, has been developed over time by hundreds of innovators and inventors.
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  • Why were computers invented?

    Q: Why were computers invented?

    A: Computers were invented to make complex mathematical calculations possible and make tasks easier for humans. Even modern computers perform calculations in addition to the myriad other tasks they perform. While the first computers were simple devices, modern computers use cutting-edge technology and advanced materials to perform calculations at an incredible rate.
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  • Q: What are fifth-generation computers?

    A: The fifth-generation computer was a project spearheaded by Japan in order to move ahead of Western computer technology. The plan was to overhaul computer technology and create their own.
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  • Q: Who invented email?

    A: Email was invented by V.A. Shiva Ayyadurai, who started developing the electronic mail system in 1978, at age 14. He holds the original copyright for the term 'EMAIL.'
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  • Q: When was the Internet first created?

    A: The first working prototype of the Internet was invented in 1965 by a scientist from M.I.T. The network was known as ARPAnet.
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  • Q: Who invented the personal computer?

    A: Several people had a hand in the invention of the personal computer. In 1971, Intel engineer Ted Hoff developed the microprocessor, which enabled huge computers to be scaled down. In 1974, Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems produced a personal computer kit named the Altair.
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  • Who was Alan Turing?

    Q: Who was Alan Turing?

    A: Alan Turing was a pioneering British computer scientist, mathematician, cryptologist and philosopher. He also had multiple athletic successes as a marathoner and long-distance runner. Turing was also a gay man at a time when being so was against the law in the United Kingdom; the punishment he received for his sexual orientation contributed to his suicide in 1947.
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  • Q: When was the first mechanical computer made?

    A: The first mechanical computer was the Difference Engine built in 1822 by Charles Babbage, considered as the "father of the computer." Between 1847 and 1849, he made an improved version of his first model, which he called Difference Engine No. 2. However, the machine was not transformed into a full-scale functional device due to lack of funding.
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  • Q: Where was the first computer made?

    A: The first functional computer was made in 1936 by Konrad Zuse in his parents' living room in Germany. It was called the Z1 and was the first freely programmable, electro-mechanical computer.
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  • Q: When was the first laptop made?

    A: The GRiD Compass — the first real laptop with a flat screen and folding clamshell construction — was made in 1982 by the GRiD Systems Corporation of Fremont, California, having been designed in 1979 by British inventor Bill Moggridge. Although the concept of so-called "portable computers" had been around for much longer, including Alan Kay's Dynabook tablet PC in 1968, they existed only as plans awaiting the requisite technologies for realization.
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  • Who invented the first computer?

    Q: Who invented the first computer?

    A: The first computer was invented by Charles Babbage in 1838. He developed a mechanical calculator that had a simple storage mechanism and called it the Difference Engine. The device used punch cards to input instructions to the device steam engine as its source of power.
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  • Q: What did Steve Jobs invent?

    A: Although Steve Jobs was listed as a co-inventor on numerous patents, he did not really invent anything in the traditional sense. Jobs was a business executive known for his leadership and vision.
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  • Who was Steve Jobs?

    Q: Who was Steve Jobs?

    A: Steve Jobs was the co-founder of Apple Computers alongside Steve Wozniak. During his two tenures as the company's CEO, Jobs helped introduce a range of innovative products, such as the iPhone, iPad and iPod. He passed away in 2011 in Palo Alto due to pancreatic cancer. Aside from Apple, Steve Jobs also played a role in the development of companies such as Pixar and NeXT Inc.
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