Computer History

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Computers were invented to make complex mathematical calculations possible and make tasks easier for humans. Even modern computers perform calculations in addition to the myriad other tasks they perform. While the first computers were simple devices, modern computers use cutting-edge technology and advanced materials to perform calculations at an incredible rate.

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  • When was the computer invented?

    Q: When was the computer invented?

    A: Charles Babbage invented his analytical engine between 1833 and 1871. The first freely programmable calculator, considered the first digital computer, was called the Z1 and was created in 1936 by Konrad Zuse. It spurred computer development around the world.
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  • Why is Bill Gates successful?

    Q: Why is Bill Gates successful?

    A: Bill Gates, founder of Microsoft and one of the richest men on Earth, is successful due to a handful of universal strategies anyone can apply. Gates' success in creating a billion-dollar company is the result of creating value, forming strategic partnerships and being passionate about his field. In addition, Gates' philanthropy makes him successful in a much broader sense.
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  • What is the impact of computers on education?

    Q: What is the impact of computers on education?

    A: Among the many impacts of computers on education are the ability of students to access the Internet to facilitate research, the globalization effect of the interaction between students in different countries, access to educational materials from museums and other institutions, and the option of distance education for those unable to attend physical schools. Computers also offer graphics, simulations, model building, games and other programs to reinforce classroom instruction.
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  • When did the first computer come out?

    Q: When did the first computer come out?

    A: The Z3, designed in Germany by Konrad Zuse and completed in 1941, is widely considered to be the first programmable computer. While later computers were significantly faster, the Z3 laid the groundwork for further development.
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  • Who invented the Internet?

    Q: Who invented the Internet?

    A: The invention of the Internet is credited primarily to the developers of ARPANET, a project of the U.S. Department of Defense and dozens of universities. This complex technology, however, has been developed over time by hundreds of innovators and inventors.
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  • How have computers improved lives?

    Q: How have computers improved lives?

    A: Computers have practically revolutionized almost every aspect of modern life. Computers have led to advances in mathematics, science, communication, economics, medicine, art, media, politics and almost every other aspect of human life.
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  • Why were computers invented?

    Q: Why were computers invented?

    A: Computers were invented to make complex mathematical calculations possible and make tasks easier for humans. Even modern computers perform calculations in addition to the myriad other tasks they perform. While the first computers were simple devices, modern computers use cutting-edge technology and advanced materials to perform calculations at an incredible rate.
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  • When was the keyboard invented?

    Q: When was the keyboard invented?

    A: The manual keyboard was invented in 1868 by Christopher Latham Sholes, the inventor of the manual typewriter. The electric computer keyboard was invented in 1948 for the Binac computer and resembled an electric typewriter.
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  • When was the Internet first launched?

    Q: When was the Internet first launched?

    A: The Internet was developed during a period of time, but its beginning was in the 1960s. It began with the development of the so-called ARPAnet in the 1960s.
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  • Q: When was the first laptop made?

    A: The GRiD Compass — the first real laptop with a flat screen and folding clamshell construction — was made in 1982 by the GRiD Systems Corporation of Fremont, California, having been designed in 1979 by British inventor Bill Moggridge. Although the concept of so-called "portable computers" had been around for much longer, including Alan Kay's Dynabook tablet PC in 1968, they existed only as plans awaiting the requisite technologies for realization.
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  • Q: Who invented the Apple computer?

    A: The original Apple I computer was invented by Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs and was first released on April 1, 1976. The Apple I was the very first computer to be built with a single circuit board and was sold for $666.66.
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  • Q: Who invented the laptop?

    A: Most historians believe the Osborne 1, invented by Adam Osborne in 1981, to be the first real portable computer. Weighing 24 pounds, including its 5-inch screen, the Osborne 1 was never a big success.
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  • Q: What are the advantages and disadvantages of information technology?

    A: Information technology, or IT for short, may help businesses grow and attract new clients and expose individuals to key networks, but when used improperly, it may lead to tarnished reputations and even provide criminal evidence. Businesses and individuals use technology on a daily basis, from phones and computers to tablets and marketing campaigns. Technology finds use in the communication, education, health and business sectors.
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  • Q: How old is the Internet?

    A: The Internet was activated in 1969 as a network of university mainframe computers, making it 45 years old in 2014. The original name for the Internet was ARPANET because it was created by ARPA, the Advanced Research Projects Agency. ARPA was created in 1958 by the U.S. Department of Defense.
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  • Q: What are some benefits of science and technology?

    A: Some of the benefits to science are that it allows researchers to learn new ideas that have practical applications; benefits of technology include the ability to create new machines that increase productivity and save lives. Science often provides the knowledge needed to create new pieces of technology, and technology helps enable scientific advances.
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  • Q: Who invented software?

    A: Ada Lovelace is considered the first computer programmer and the first to write software for a computer. The program was published along with her notes for Babbage's Analytical Engine in 1843, though the Engine was never completed.
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  • Q: How has technology changed the workplace?

    A: Technology has changed the workplace by making transnational communication possible; it has made communication faster and it has allowed employees to operate at a distance from their place of work. In addition, technology has made it necessary for workplaces to employ or outsource work to technicians.
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  • Q: Why is a computer a powerful tool?

    A: Computers are powerful tools because they can process information with incredible speed, accuracy and dependability. They can efficiently perform input, process, output and storage operations, and they can store massive amounts of data.
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  • When was the Internet first invented?

    Q: When was the Internet first invented?

    A: The Internet in its current incarnation came into existence with the invention of the World Wide Web by Tim Berners-Lee in the 1990s. However, the general idea behind the Internet was already in use at that time, albeit in a much smaller way.
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  • Q: Who created the computer?

    A: In 1822, Charles Babbage first idealized a machine capable of making computations. In 1936, Alan Turing created the first modern-style computer, and Konrad Zuse created the first electronic-programmable computer. In 1942, John Vincent Atanasoff created the first digital computer. In 1953, IBM designed and marketed the first mass-produced computer.
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  • Q: What is the history of Android apps?

    A: The history of Android apps began in 2003 with a group of four developers who formed Android, Inc. to create a mobile platform for cameras. Google purchased the company in 2005 to develop an open platform. In 2007, Google announced the Open Standard Network, a consortium of 34 tech companies that included the handset manufacturers HTC and Motorola, the chipset manufacturers Qualcomm and Texas Instruments, and the telecommunications provider T-Mobile.
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