Computer History

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Among the many impacts of computers on education are the ability of students to access the Internet to facilitate research, the globalization effect of the interaction between students in different countries, access to educational materials from museums and other institutions, and the option of distance education for those unable to attend physical schools. Computers also offer graphics, simulations, model building, games and other programs to reinforce classroom instruction.

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  • What is the impact of computers on education?

    Q: What is the impact of computers on education?

    A: Among the many impacts of computers on education are the ability of students to access the Internet to facilitate research, the globalization effect of the interaction between students in different countries, access to educational materials from museums and other institutions, and the option of distance education for those unable to attend physical schools. Computers also offer graphics, simulations, model building, games and other programs to reinforce classroom instruction.
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  • Why is Bill Gates successful?

    Q: Why is Bill Gates successful?

    A: Bill Gates, founder of Microsoft and one of the richest men on Earth, is successful due to a handful of universal strategies anyone can apply. Gates' success in creating a billion-dollar company is the result of creating value, forming strategic partnerships and being passionate about his field. In addition, Gates' philanthropy makes him successful in a much broader sense.
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  • When was the Internet first launched?

    Q: When was the Internet first launched?

    A: The Internet was developed during a period of time, but its beginning was in the 1960s. It began with the development of the so-called ARPAnet in the 1960s.
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  • Why were computers invented?

    Q: Why were computers invented?

    A: Computers were invented to make complex mathematical calculations possible and make tasks easier for humans. Even modern computers perform calculations in addition to the myriad other tasks they perform. While the first computers were simple devices, modern computers use cutting-edge technology and advanced materials to perform calculations at an incredible rate.
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  • When was the computer invented?

    Q: When was the computer invented?

    A: Charles Babbage invented his analytical engine between 1833 and 1871. The first freely programmable calculator, considered the first digital computer, was called the Z1 and was created in 1936 by Konrad Zuse. It spurred computer development around the world.
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  • When did the first computer come out?

    Q: When did the first computer come out?

    A: The Z3, designed in Germany by Konrad Zuse and completed in 1941, is widely considered to be the first programmable computer. While later computers were significantly faster, the Z3 laid the groundwork for further development.
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  • When was the keyboard invented?

    Q: When was the keyboard invented?

    A: The manual keyboard was invented in 1868 by Christopher Latham Sholes, the inventor of the manual typewriter. The electric computer keyboard was invented in 1948 for the Binac computer and resembled an electric typewriter.
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  • How have computers improved lives?

    Q: How have computers improved lives?

    A: Computers have practically revolutionized almost every aspect of modern life. Computers have led to advances in mathematics, science, communication, economics, medicine, art, media, politics and almost every other aspect of human life.
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  • Who invented the Internet?

    Q: Who invented the Internet?

    A: The invention of the Internet is credited primarily to the developers of ARPANET, a project of the U.S. Department of Defense and dozens of universities. This complex technology, however, has been developed over time by hundreds of innovators and inventors.
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  • Why did Steve Jobs name his company Apple?

    Q: Why did Steve Jobs name his company Apple?

    A: Steve Jobs named his company Apple because his biggest competitor at the time was Atari, and he wanted to be ahead of Atari alphabetically in the phone book. Ironically, neither Atari nor the phone book is used much these days.
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  • Q: When was Microsoft Word for Windows invented?

    A: Microsoft Word for MS-DOS was a typing program released in 1983, and the Windows version was invented in 1989. The first Microsoft Office package with Word, PowerPoint and Excel was released in 1990.
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  • Q: What is a Gray code?

    A: The term "Gray code" refers to a binary progression of coded numbers where successive terms only differ by a single bit position. It was named after Frank Gray, who devised the binary reflected Gray code used to convert analog signals into binary string numbers.
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  • Q: Who created the computer?

    A: In 1822, Charles Babbage first idealized a machine capable of making computations. In 1936, Alan Turing created the first modern-style computer, and Konrad Zuse created the first electronic-programmable computer. In 1942, John Vincent Atanasoff created the first digital computer. In 1953, IBM designed and marketed the first mass-produced computer.
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  • Q: In what city and state is the Computer History Museum located?

    A: The Computer History Museum is located in Mountain View, California at 1401 N Shoreline Blvd. As of 2014, there are many exhibits within the museum, such as "Revolution: The First 2,000 Years of Computing," which premiered in 2011 and features 19 alcoves with multi-media displays, each featuring an iconic object.
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  • Q: How much did the first commercially used computer weigh?

    A: The first commercially used computer was the UNIVAC I, which weighed 16,000 lbs. The computer was released in 1951 and was designed for general purpose computing.
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  • Q: What are the advantages and disadvantages of ubiquitous computing?

    A: Though ubiquitous computing can make many daily activities faster and more cost-efficient, ubiquitous systems may threaten privacy and create questions surrounding user consent. In a home augmented by ubiquitous computing, smart lighting and air conditioning systems could contact worn sensors to monitor residents' comfort levels.
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  • Q: Who invented the Apple computer?

    A: The original Apple I computer was invented by Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs and was first released on April 1, 1976. The Apple I was the very first computer to be built with a single circuit board and was sold for $666.66.
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  • Q: What does the acronym "PDF" stand for?

    A: The acronym "PDF" stands for "Portable Document Format." PDF is a file type invented by Adobe Systems and initially released in 1993. As of 2014, this format for electronic document exchange is maintained by the International Organization for Standardization.
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  • Q: What are fifth-generation computers?

    A: The fifth-generation computer was a project spearheaded by Japan in order to move ahead of Western computer technology. The plan was to overhaul computer technology and create their own.
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  • Q: Who invented the personal computer?

    A: Several people had a hand in the invention of the personal computer. In 1971, Intel engineer Ted Hoff developed the microprocessor, which enabled huge computers to be scaled down. In 1974, Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems produced a personal computer kit named the Altair.
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  • What was Bill Gates's major in college?

    Q: What was Bill Gates's major in college?

    A: Bill Gates' initial major at Harvard was mathematics when he enrolled in 1973, but he did not have a definite academic plan in mind and left Harvard to pursue starting a software company. He co-founded Microsoft with Paul Allen.
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