Computer History

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Among the many impacts of computers on education are the ability of students to access the Internet to facilitate research, the globalization effect of the interaction between students in different countries, access to educational materials from museums and other institutions, and the option of distance education for those unable to attend physical schools. Computers also offer graphics, simulations, model building, games and other programs to reinforce classroom instruction.

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  • When was the Internet first launched?

    Q: When was the Internet first launched?

    A: The Internet was developed during a period of time, but its beginning was in the 1960s. It began with the development of the so-called ARPAnet in the 1960s.
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  • Why did Steve Jobs name his company Apple?

    Q: Why did Steve Jobs name his company Apple?

    A: Steve Jobs named his company Apple because his biggest competitor at the time was Atari, and he wanted to be ahead of Atari alphabetically in the phone book. Ironically, neither Atari nor the phone book is used much these days.
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  • Who invented the Internet?

    Q: Who invented the Internet?

    A: The invention of the Internet is credited primarily to the developers of ARPANET, a project of the U.S. Department of Defense and dozens of universities. This complex technology, however, has been developed over time by hundreds of innovators and inventors.
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  • When was the keyboard invented?

    Q: When was the keyboard invented?

    A: The manual keyboard was invented in 1868 by Christopher Latham Sholes, the inventor of the manual typewriter. The electric computer keyboard was invented in 1948 for the Binac computer and resembled an electric typewriter.
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  • When did the first computer come out?

    Q: When did the first computer come out?

    A: The Z3, designed in Germany by Konrad Zuse and completed in 1941, is widely considered to be the first programmable computer. While later computers were significantly faster, the Z3 laid the groundwork for further development.
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  • How have computers improved lives?

    Q: How have computers improved lives?

    A: Computers have practically revolutionized almost every aspect of modern life. Computers have led to advances in mathematics, science, communication, economics, medicine, art, media, politics and almost every other aspect of human life.
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  • Why were computers invented?

    Q: Why were computers invented?

    A: Computers were invented to make complex mathematical calculations possible and make tasks easier for humans. Even modern computers perform calculations in addition to the myriad other tasks they perform. While the first computers were simple devices, modern computers use cutting-edge technology and advanced materials to perform calculations at an incredible rate.
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  • When was the computer invented?

    Q: When was the computer invented?

    A: Charles Babbage invented his analytical engine between 1833 and 1871. The first freely programmable calculator, considered the first digital computer, was called the Z1 and was created in 1936 by Konrad Zuse. It spurred computer development around the world.
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  • Why is Bill Gates successful?

    Q: Why is Bill Gates successful?

    A: Bill Gates, founder of Microsoft and one of the richest men on Earth, is successful due to a handful of universal strategies anyone can apply. Gates' success in creating a billion-dollar company is the result of creating value, forming strategic partnerships and being passionate about his field. In addition, Gates' philanthropy makes him successful in a much broader sense.
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  • What is the impact of computers on education?

    Q: What is the impact of computers on education?

    A: Among the many impacts of computers on education are the ability of students to access the Internet to facilitate research, the globalization effect of the interaction between students in different countries, access to educational materials from museums and other institutions, and the option of distance education for those unable to attend physical schools. Computers also offer graphics, simulations, model building, games and other programs to reinforce classroom instruction.
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  • Q: What are some benefits of science and technology?

    A: Some of the benefits to science are that it allows researchers to learn new ideas that have practical applications; benefits of technology include the ability to create new machines that increase productivity and save lives. Science often provides the knowledge needed to create new pieces of technology, and technology helps enable scientific advances.
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  • Q: When was the first electronic computer built?

    A: Defense workers in England built the first electronic computer in late 1943 and early 1944. They called the machine "Colossus," and used it to decipher German military codes during World War II. Code-breaking personnel eventually employed 10 separate Colossus computers to process more than 60 million characters of encoded messages.
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  • Q: How has technology changed society?

    A: Technology has changed how humans interact with each other socially, how people purchase products and how the workplace functions, notes Megan Rose Dickey for Business Insider. Internet and Internet technologies are a strong force behind societal-changing communication and technology.
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  • Q: Which computer is rated best for senior citizens?

    A: One highly rated computer for senior citizens is the TouchSmart 610 all-in-one computer by Hewlett Packard. All-in-one computers are great for seniors with limited mobility and who need smaller machines.
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  • Q: What was the first word processing program used in 1979?

    A: The first word processing program used in 1979 was WordStar. The software was published by MicroPro International and became the most successful word processor throughout the 1980s.
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  • Who invented the first satellite?

    Q: Who invented the first satellite?

    A: While the name of the person who first developed satellite technology is unknown, the Soviet Union is credited with successfully launching the first manmade satellite, the Sputnik 1, in 1957. The United States launched its first communications satellite, the Echo, in 1959.
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  • Q: How are computers used in entertainment?

    A: Today, computers are used in a variety of areas for entertainment purposes. The technology is used for streaming and watching videos, listening to downloads of music, playing video games and keeping track of one's location during camping or hiking trips. GPS tracking devices are frequently used for nature walks, locating golf balls or finding locations for restaurants and vacation sites.
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  • Q: When was the first laptop made?

    A: The GRiD Compass — the first real laptop with a flat screen and folding clamshell construction — was made in 1982 by the GRiD Systems Corporation of Fremont, California, having been designed in 1979 by British inventor Bill Moggridge. Although the concept of so-called "portable computers" had been around for much longer, including Alan Kay's Dynabook tablet PC in 1968, they existed only as plans awaiting the requisite technologies for realization.
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  • Q: How has technology benefited society?

    A: Technology has benefited society in many ways, perhaps most notably in the areas of health care, education and communication. It has also revolutionized entertainment, political engagement and productivity.
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  • Q: What are the advantages and disadvantages of ubiquitous computing?

    A: Though ubiquitous computing can make many daily activities faster and more cost-efficient, ubiquitous systems may threaten privacy and create questions surrounding user consent. In a home augmented by ubiquitous computing, smart lighting and air conditioning systems could contact worn sensors to monitor residents' comfort levels.
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  • Who invented the first computer?

    Q: Who invented the first computer?

    A: The first computer was invented by Charles Babbage in 1838. He developed a mechanical calculator that had a simple storage mechanism and called it the Difference Engine. The device used punch cards to input instructions to the device steam engine as its source of power.
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