Computer History

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Among the many impacts of computers on education are the ability of students to access the Internet to facilitate research, the globalization effect of the interaction between students in different countries, access to educational materials from museums and other institutions, and the option of distance education for those unable to attend physical schools. Computers also offer graphics, simulations, model building, games and other programs to reinforce classroom instruction.

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  • When did the first computer come out?

    Q: When did the first computer come out?

    A: The Z3, designed in Germany by Konrad Zuse and completed in 1941, is widely considered to be the first programmable computer. While later computers were significantly faster, the Z3 laid the groundwork for further development.
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  • Who invented the Internet?

    Q: Who invented the Internet?

    A: The invention of the Internet is credited primarily to the developers of ARPANET, a project of the U.S. Department of Defense and dozens of universities. This complex technology, however, has been developed over time by hundreds of innovators and inventors.
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  • What is the impact of computers on education?

    Q: What is the impact of computers on education?

    A: Among the many impacts of computers on education are the ability of students to access the Internet to facilitate research, the globalization effect of the interaction between students in different countries, access to educational materials from museums and other institutions, and the option of distance education for those unable to attend physical schools. Computers also offer graphics, simulations, model building, games and other programs to reinforce classroom instruction.
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  • Why is Bill Gates successful?

    Q: Why is Bill Gates successful?

    A: Bill Gates, founder of Microsoft and one of the richest men on Earth, is successful due to a handful of universal strategies anyone can apply. Gates' success in creating a billion-dollar company is the result of creating value, forming strategic partnerships and being passionate about his field. In addition, Gates' philanthropy makes him successful in a much broader sense.
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  • When was the keyboard invented?

    Q: When was the keyboard invented?

    A: The manual keyboard was invented in 1868 by Christopher Latham Sholes, the inventor of the manual typewriter. The electric computer keyboard was invented in 1948 for the Binac computer and resembled an electric typewriter.
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  • Why did Steve Jobs name his company Apple?

    Q: Why did Steve Jobs name his company Apple?

    A: Steve Jobs named his company Apple because his biggest competitor at the time was Atari, and he wanted to be ahead of Atari alphabetically in the phone book. Ironically, neither Atari nor the phone book is used much these days.
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  • When was the computer invented?

    Q: When was the computer invented?

    A: Charles Babbage invented his analytical engine between 1833 and 1871. The first freely programmable calculator, considered the first digital computer, was called the Z1 and was created in 1936 by Konrad Zuse. It spurred computer development around the world.
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  • How have computers improved lives?

    Q: How have computers improved lives?

    A: Computers have practically revolutionized almost every aspect of modern life. Computers have led to advances in mathematics, science, communication, economics, medicine, art, media, politics and almost every other aspect of human life.
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  • When was the Internet first launched?

    Q: When was the Internet first launched?

    A: The Internet was developed during a period of time, but its beginning was in the 1960s. It began with the development of the so-called ARPAnet in the 1960s.
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  • Why were computers invented?

    Q: Why were computers invented?

    A: Computers were invented to make complex mathematical calculations possible and make tasks easier for humans. Even modern computers perform calculations in addition to the myriad other tasks they perform. While the first computers were simple devices, modern computers use cutting-edge technology and advanced materials to perform calculations at an incredible rate.
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  • Q: Which country was responsible for the idea of the Internet?

    A: The United States was responsible for the idea of the Internet. The idea can be traced back to 1962, when J.C.R. Licklider, the head of the computer research program at DARPA, proposed the concept of a "Galactic Network".
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  • Q: When was email invented?

    A: Email was invented in 1972 by Ray Tomlinson, who figured out a way to send a message from computer to computer. He chose the @ symbol in order to do this. Jon Postel was one of the first to use email.
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  • Q: In what year was the internet available to the general public?

    A: On August 6, 1991, the World Wide Web became available to the public. On that date, Tim Berners-Lee, the creator of the Web, added a piece to the alt.hypertext newsgroup announcing the change, ushering in a new era of communication.
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  • Q: How much did the first commercially used computer weigh?

    A: The first commercially used computer was the UNIVAC I, which weighed 16,000 lbs. The computer was released in 1951 and was designed for general purpose computing.
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  • Q: What is the history of Android apps?

    A: The history of Android apps began in 2003 with a group of four developers who formed Android, Inc. to create a mobile platform for cameras. Google purchased the company in 2005 to develop an open platform. In 2007, Google announced the Open Standard Network, a consortium of 34 tech companies that included the handset manufacturers HTC and Motorola, the chipset manufacturers Qualcomm and Texas Instruments, and the telecommunications provider T-Mobile.
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  • Q: Who invented the laptop?

    A: Most historians believe the Osborne 1, invented by Adam Osborne in 1981, to be the first real portable computer. Weighing 24 pounds, including its 5-inch screen, the Osborne 1 was never a big success.
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  • Q: What was the first word processing program used in 1979?

    A: The first word processing program used in 1979 was WordStar. The software was published by MicroPro International and became the most successful word processor throughout the 1980s.
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  • Q: Why is a computer a powerful tool?

    A: Computers are powerful tools because they can process information with incredible speed, accuracy and dependability. They can efficiently perform input, process, output and storage operations, and they can store massive amounts of data.
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  • Q: Who created the computer?

    A: In 1822, Charles Babbage first idealized a machine capable of making computations. In 1936, Alan Turing created the first modern-style computer, and Konrad Zuse created the first electronic-programmable computer. In 1942, John Vincent Atanasoff created the first digital computer. In 1953, IBM designed and marketed the first mass-produced computer.
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  • Q: Which computer is rated best for senior citizens?

    A: One highly rated computer for senior citizens is the TouchSmart 610 all-in-one computer by Hewlett Packard. All-in-one computers are great for seniors with limited mobility and who need smaller machines.
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  • Q: What was the reason for the invention of the Internet?

    A: In response to a request from the United States Department of Defense, work began on a system that would enable computers to connect and share information between universities. The first successful connection between two locations was achieved in 1969 through a system called ARPAnet, often written as ARPANET, and is considered to be the predecessor of the modern Internet. The actual start of the U.S. government-supported development of the protocols and packet-switched systems required to share information across research centers began as early as 1962 and was in response to the first successful launch of an orbiting satellite, Sputnik, by the Soviet Union in 1957.
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