Cold War

A:

The Cuban Missile Crisis was a 13-day dispute between Cuba and the Soviet Union on one side and the United States on the other. The event is regarded as the closest these world powers came to nuclear attacks during the Cold War. During this period, Fidel Castro was the leader of Cuba, Nikita Kruschev led the Soviet Union, and John F. Kennedy was president of the United States.

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  • What was Joseph Stalin's secret police called?

    Q: What was Joseph Stalin's secret police called?

    A: Joseph Stalin's secret police was named the People's Comissariat for Internal Affairs. Its name took the abbreviation of NKVD in Russian, and it was formed in 1934.
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  • What was the purpose of the Iron Curtain?

    Q: What was the purpose of the Iron Curtain?

    A: The Iron Curtain was a physical and symbolic structure used by the Soviet Union to isolate itself from surrounding eastern and central European nations after World War II. The Iron Curtain served as a way for the Soviet Union to isolate itself politically, militarily and ideologically from other nations in Europe. The Curtain gave the Soviet Union a protective barrier to thwart military attacks, but also served as a symbolic gesture that the Soviet Union had no desire to make any contact with other nations.
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  • How did the Cold War affect Europe?

    Q: How did the Cold War affect Europe?

    A: The Cold War affected Europe by dividing it between communist and democratic countries, which essentially divided Europe into Western Europe and Eastern Europe. This divide caused tension, political unrest and economic difficulties. Germany, for instance, was fragmented, divided literally by the Berlin Wall and torn between American and Russian influence.
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  • What were the causes of the Cold War?

    Q: What were the causes of the Cold War?

    A: The main causes of the Cold War were the political division of Europe after World War II and the fears of aggression on both sides. The origins of the Cold War go back to the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the rise of communism as an economic contrast to capitalism in the West. Both zones of influence reflected the conflict of ideologies between capitalism and communism.
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  • What is a brief summary of the Cold War?

    Q: What is a brief summary of the Cold War?

    A: The Cold War was a period of heightened military and political tensions between the United States and its allies on one side and the Soviet Union and its allies on the other. Both superpowers engaged in a variety of contests against each other, including military brinkmanship and proxy wars in smaller countries to spread their ideologies. Ultimately, the economic engine of capitalism won out and the Soviet Union collapsed.
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  • Why did the Soviet Union break up?

    Q: Why did the Soviet Union break up?

    A: The collapse of the Soviet Union is inextricably tied to the reformist policies of the then-General Secretary of the Communist Party, Mikhail Gorbachev. Gorbachev came to power in a single-party, multi-ethnic state that ruled a network of satellite countries by force and coercion. By weakening Soviet mechanisms for maintaining power, Gorbachev's reforms undermined the ability of the state to hold onto its possessions and stave off internal challenges.
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  • What did Fidel Castro do that was significant?

    Q: What did Fidel Castro do that was significant?

    A: Former long-time Cuban leader Fidel Castro is most remembered for having created the first communist state in the Western Hemisphere. He did this by leading a revolution that culminated in overthrowing dictator Fulgencio Batista in 1959.
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  • What was the Cuban missile crisis?

    Q: What was the Cuban missile crisis?

    A: The Cuban Missile Crisis was a 13-day stalemate between the United States and the Soviet Union due to the building of nuclear arms in Cuba by the Soviet Union. The crisis occurred in October of 1962. The Cuban Missile Crisis was a part of the Cold War.
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  • Who were Ethel and Julius Rosenberg, and what was their fate?

    Q: Who were Ethel and Julius Rosenberg, and what was their fate?

    A: Ethel and Julius Rosenberg were a married couple from New York and active members of the Communist Party. They were convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage in 1951 and executed by electric chair in 1953.
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  • What was the purpose of The Warsaw Pact?

    Q: What was the purpose of The Warsaw Pact?

    A: The purpose of the Warsaw Pact was to provide a counterbalance to NATO and increase the international negotiating power of the Soviet Union. The proximate cause of the Warsaw Pact was the May 9, 1955 decision of the governments of the United States and Western Europe to include West Germany in NATO. The Warsaw Pact lasted from May 14, 1955 to July 1, 1991.
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  • What is Che Guevara famous for?

    Q: What is Che Guevara famous for?

    A: Che Guevara is famous for the work that he did with Fidel Castro. They worked together to overturn the Cuban government in the 1950s.
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  • How did Americans react to Sputnik?

    Q: How did Americans react to Sputnik?

    A: The popular reaction of Americans to the launch of Sputnik was shock and anxiety. Sputnik launched in 1957, still near the beginning of the Cold War, and the Soviet Union, the major enemy of the United States in that conflict, had won the first part of the space race.
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  • What bad things did Stalin do?

    Q: What bad things did Stalin do?

    A: Joseph Stalin was responsible for heinous acts such as the killing and exiling of millions of farmers who opposed his measures to seize and institutionalize agriculture in the Soviet union. During World War II, Stalin also invaded and subjugated several countries in northern and eastern Europe.
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  • What year did the Cold War end?

    Q: What year did the Cold War end?

    A: The Cold War ended in 1991, when the Soviet Union collapsed. Fifteen nations broke free of the fallen Soviet Union at that time, giving birth to democracy in the region.
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  • What was the Bay of Pigs invasion?

    Q: What was the Bay of Pigs invasion?

    A: The 1961 Bay of Pigs invasion was an attempt by a group of CIA-trained Cuban exiles to invade Cuba and overthrow the government of Fidel Castro. The invasion was a complete failure, resulting in the capture or death of most of the invading force and a propaganda victory for Castro.
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  • Who was involved in the Cuban Missile Crisis?

    Q: Who was involved in the Cuban Missile Crisis?

    A: The Cuban Missile Crisis was a 13-day dispute between Cuba and the Soviet Union on one side and the United States on the other. The event is regarded as the closest these world powers came to nuclear attacks during the Cold War. During this period, Fidel Castro was the leader of Cuba, Nikita Kruschev led the Soviet Union, and John F. Kennedy was president of the United States.
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  • When did the Iron Curtain fall?

    Q: When did the Iron Curtain fall?

    A: According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, the Iron Curtain ceased to exist between 1989 and 1990. The fall of the Iron Curtain is linked closely to the collapse of the Berlin Wall.
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  • Where did the Cold War take place?

    Q: Where did the Cold War take place?

    A: Because the Cold War did not involve actual combat but rather a situation of extreme tension between the Western Bloc and Eastern Bloc, there was no specific location. However, the primary countries involved in the Cold War were the communist USSR and the capitalist United States, which were at ideological and political odds after World War II.
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  • What are some facts about the Red Scare?

    Q: What are some facts about the Red Scare?

    A: Many people aren't aware that there were two Red Scare periods: one immediately after World War I, and one during the Cold War, after World War II. The first Red Scare lasted from 1919 until 1920 and the second from 1947 until 1957.
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  • What does "USSR" stand for?

    Q: What does "USSR" stand for?

    A: USSR stands for the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, which was also known as the Soviet Union. The USSR existed from 1922 until 1991. Following a long revolution and civil war that overthrew the Russian monarchy, it was established as a confederation of Russia, Belorussia, Ukraine and the Transcaucasian Federation.
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  • When did the Berlin Wall fall?

    Q: When did the Berlin Wall fall?

    A: The traditional date marking the fall of the Berlin Wall is Nov. 9, 1989. On this day, the government of East Germany allowed people to cross freely into West Berlin. The government removed some portions of the wall to create more crossings.
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