Cold War

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The United Nations was officially formed in October 1945 to promote cooperation among different countries. It had its roots in the former League of Nations, which was formed after World War I but disbanded after failing to prevent the second World War.

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  • How was the Cuban Missile Crisis resolved?

    Q: How was the Cuban Missile Crisis resolved?

    A: The Cuban missile crisis was resolved when the United States promised never to invade Cuba and to dismantle its Jupiter missiles in Italy and Turkey in exchange for the removal of the Soviet missiles in Cuba. The latter half of the agreement was secret at the time and was only revealed years after the crisis ended. The resolution occurred mere days before military action would have escalated the crisis.
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  • What did Fidel Castro do that was significant?

    Q: What did Fidel Castro do that was significant?

    A: Former long-time Cuban leader Fidel Castro is most remembered for having created the first communist state in the Western Hemisphere. He did this by leading a revolution that culminated in overthrowing dictator Fulgencio Batista in 1959.
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  • What is a brief summary of the Cold War?

    Q: What is a brief summary of the Cold War?

    A: The Cold War was a period of heightened military and political tensions between the United States and its allies on one side and the Soviet Union and its allies on the other. Both superpowers engaged in a variety of contests against each other, including military brinkmanship and proxy wars in smaller countries to spread their ideologies. Ultimately, the economic engine of capitalism won out and the Soviet Union collapsed.
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  • What happened during the McCarthy trials?

    Q: What happened during the McCarthy trials?

    A: The McCarthy trials were a series of investigations into the U.S. Army conducted by Senator Joseph McCarthy in 1950. The trials began when McCarthy charged more than 200 members of the Department of State with being known communists. From there, McCarthy rose to fame as a communist hunter who accused and investigated people he suspected to be Communists; this came to be known as his witch hunt for communists.
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  • Who were Ethel and Julius Rosenberg, and what was their fate?

    Q: Who were Ethel and Julius Rosenberg, and what was their fate?

    A: Ethel and Julius Rosenberg were a married couple from New York and active members of the Communist Party. They were convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage in 1951 and executed by electric chair in 1953.
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  • When did the Iron Curtain fall?

    Q: When did the Iron Curtain fall?

    A: According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, the Iron Curtain ceased to exist between 1989 and 1990. The fall of the Iron Curtain is linked closely to the collapse of the Berlin Wall.
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  • What year did the Cold War begin?

    Q: What year did the Cold War begin?

    A: There is no specific date that marked the beginning of the Cold War, but most agree that it began shortly following the second World War, somewhere from 1945 to 1947. Unlike other wars, the Cold War never involved actual fighting or traditional war events, but instead describes a prolonged tense state between the United States and Russia.
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  • What was the Bay of Pigs invasion?

    Q: What was the Bay of Pigs invasion?

    A: The 1961 Bay of Pigs invasion was an attempt by a group of CIA-trained Cuban exiles to invade Cuba and overthrow the government of Fidel Castro. The invasion was a complete failure, resulting in the capture or death of most of the invading force and a propaganda victory for Castro.
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  • Why did the Soviet Union break up?

    Q: Why did the Soviet Union break up?

    A: The collapse of the Soviet Union is inextricably tied to the reformist policies of the then-General Secretary of the Communist Party, Mikhail Gorbachev. Gorbachev came to power in a single-party, multi-ethnic state that ruled a network of satellite countries by force and coercion. By weakening Soviet mechanisms for maintaining power, Gorbachev's reforms undermined the ability of the state to hold onto its possessions and stave off internal challenges.
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  • What was Joseph Stalin's secret police called?

    Q: What was Joseph Stalin's secret police called?

    A: Joseph Stalin's secret police was named the People's Comissariat for Internal Affairs. Its name took the abbreviation of NKVD in Russian, and it was formed in 1934.
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  • What bad things did Stalin do?

    Q: What bad things did Stalin do?

    A: Joseph Stalin was responsible for heinous acts such as the killing and exiling of millions of farmers who opposed his measures to seize and institutionalize agriculture in the Soviet union. During World War II, Stalin also invaded and subjugated several countries in northern and eastern Europe.
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  • Who was involved in the Cuban Missile Crisis?

    Q: Who was involved in the Cuban Missile Crisis?

    A: The Cuban Missile Crisis was a 13-day dispute between Cuba and the Soviet Union on one side and the United States on the other. The event is regarded as the closest these world powers came to nuclear attacks during the Cold War. During this period, Fidel Castro was the leader of Cuba, Nikita Kruschev led the Soviet Union, and John F. Kennedy was president of the United States.
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  • Why was the United Nations formed?

    Q: Why was the United Nations formed?

    A: The United Nations was officially formed in October 1945 to promote cooperation among different countries. It had its roots in the former League of Nations, which was formed after World War I but disbanded after failing to prevent the second World War.
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  • What was the Cuban missile crisis?

    Q: What was the Cuban missile crisis?

    A: The Cuban Missile Crisis was a 13-day stalemate between the United States and the Soviet Union due to the building of nuclear arms in Cuba by the Soviet Union. The crisis occurred in October of 1962. The Cuban Missile Crisis was a part of the Cold War.
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  • What was the purpose of the Iron Curtain?

    Q: What was the purpose of the Iron Curtain?

    A: The Iron Curtain was a physical and symbolic structure used by the Soviet Union to isolate itself from surrounding eastern and central European nations after World War II. The Iron Curtain served as a way for the Soviet Union to isolate itself politically, militarily and ideologically from other nations in Europe. The Curtain gave the Soviet Union a protective barrier to thwart military attacks, but also served as a symbolic gesture that the Soviet Union had no desire to make any contact with other nations.
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  • What does "USSR" stand for?

    Q: What does "USSR" stand for?

    A: USSR stands for the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, which was also known as the Soviet Union. The USSR existed from 1922 until 1991. Following a long revolution and civil war that overthrew the Russian monarchy, it was established as a confederation of Russia, Belorussia, Ukraine and the Transcaucasian Federation.
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  • What year did the Cold War end?

    Q: What year did the Cold War end?

    A: The Cold War ended in 1991, when the Soviet Union collapsed. Fifteen nations broke free of the fallen Soviet Union at that time, giving birth to democracy in the region.
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  • What are some facts about the Red Scare?

    Q: What are some facts about the Red Scare?

    A: Many people aren't aware that there were two Red Scare periods: one immediately after World War I, and one during the Cold War, after World War II. The first Red Scare lasted from 1919 until 1920 and the second from 1947 until 1957.
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  • What were the causes of the Cold War?

    Q: What were the causes of the Cold War?

    A: The main causes of the Cold War were the political division of Europe after World War II and the fears of aggression on both sides. The origins of the Cold War go back to the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the rise of communism as an economic contrast to capitalism in the West. Both zones of influence reflected the conflict of ideologies between capitalism and communism.
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  • Where did the Cold War take place?

    Q: Where did the Cold War take place?

    A: Because the Cold War did not involve actual combat but rather a situation of extreme tension between the Western Bloc and Eastern Bloc, there was no specific location. However, the primary countries involved in the Cold War were the communist USSR and the capitalist United States, which were at ideological and political odds after World War II.
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  • What was the significance of the Cold War?

    Q: What was the significance of the Cold War?

    A: The significance of the Cold War is that it changed the course of the world in a number of ways and by its end, ushered in a new world order. With the two world superpowers, the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, as the primary players in the Cold War, the standoff lasted from shortly after World War II until the end of the 1980s.
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