The traditional date marking the fall of the Berlin Wall is Nov. 9, 1989. On this day, the government of East Germany allowed people to cross freely into West Berlin. The government removed some portions of the wall to create more crossings.
A:Joseph Stalin was responsible for heinous acts such as the killing and exiling of millions of farmers who opposed his measures to seize and institutionalize agriculture in the Soviet union. During World War II, Stalin also invaded and subjugated several countries in northern and eastern Europe.
A:The popular reaction of Americans to the launch of Sputnik was shock and anxiety. Sputnik launched in 1957, still near the beginning of the Cold War, and the Soviet Union, the major enemy of the United States in that conflict, had won the first part of the space race.
A:The Cold War lasted for a total of 45 years. This period of hostility short of open war between the United States and the Soviet Union lasted from 1946 until 1991, according to the National Museum of American History.
A:The Cold War was a period of heightened military and political tensions between the United States and its allies on one side and the Soviet Union and its allies on the other. Both superpowers engaged in a variety of contests against each other, including military brinkmanship and proxy wars in smaller countries to spread their ideologies. Ultimately, the economic engine of capitalism won out and the Soviet Union collapsed.
A:Joseph Stalin used the tactics of terror by having anyone killed that opposed him in order to dominate the Soviet Union. Beginning in the late 1920s, Stalin planned to change the Soviet Union drastically using several 5-year plans, with the intention of bringing greater government control over the economy.
A:The Cuban missile crisis was resolved when the United States promised never to invade Cuba and to dismantle its Jupiter missiles in Italy and Turkey in exchange for the removal of the Soviet missiles in Cuba. The latter half of the agreement was secret at the time and was only revealed years after the crisis ended. The resolution occurred mere days before military action would have escalated the crisis.
A:USSR stands for the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, which was also known as the Soviet Union. The USSR existed from 1922 until 1991. Following a long revolution and civil war that overthrew the Russian monarchy, it was established as a confederation of Russia, Belorussia, Ukraine and the Transcaucasian Federation.
A:The purpose of the Warsaw Pact was to provide a counterbalance to NATO and increase the international negotiating power of the Soviet Union. The proximate cause of the Warsaw Pact was the May 9, 1955 decision of the governments of the United States and Western Europe to include West Germany in NATO. The Warsaw Pact lasted from May 14, 1955 to July 1, 1991.
A:The 1961 Bay of Pigs invasion was an attempt by a group of CIA-trained Cuban exiles to invade Cuba and overthrow the government of Fidel Castro. The invasion was a complete failure, resulting in the capture or death of most of the invading force and a propaganda victory for Castro.
A:The United Nations was officially formed in October 1945 to promote cooperation among different countries. It had its roots in the former League of Nations, which was formed after World War I but disbanded after failing to prevent the second World War.
A:Ethel and Julius Rosenberg were a married couple from New York and active members of the Communist Party. They were convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage in 1951 and executed by electric chair in 1953.
A:The Cuban Missile Crisis was a 13-day stalemate between the United States and the Soviet Union due to the building of nuclear arms in Cuba by the Soviet Union. The crisis occurred in October of 1962. The Cuban Missile Crisis was a part of the Cold War.
A:There were several events that led to the Red Scare, starting with Vladmir Lenin's ousting of the Russian government in 1917 with his Bolshevik Revolution. The United States sent troops to aid anti-communist Russians in overthrowing Lenin's Bolshevik party, but they were defeated.
A:Former long-time Cuban leader Fidel Castro is most remembered for having created the first communist state in the Western Hemisphere. He did this by leading a revolution that culminated in overthrowing dictator Fulgencio Batista in 1959.
A:There is no specific date that marked the beginning of the Cold War, but most agree that it began shortly following the second World War, somewhere from 1945 to 1947. Unlike other wars, the Cold War never involved actual fighting or traditional war events, but instead describes a prolonged tense state between the United States and Russia.
A:The McCarthy trials were a series of investigations into the U.S. Army conducted by Senator Joseph McCarthy in 1950. The trials began when McCarthy charged more than 200 members of the Department of State with being known communists. From there, McCarthy rose to fame as a communist hunter who accused and investigated people he suspected to be Communists; this came to be known as his witch hunt for communists.
A:The collapse of the Soviet Union is inextricably tied to the reformist policies of the then-General Secretary of the Communist Party, Mikhail Gorbachev. Gorbachev came to power in a single-party, multi-ethnic state that ruled a network of satellite countries by force and coercion. By weakening Soviet mechanisms for maintaining power, Gorbachev's reforms undermined the ability of the state to hold onto its possessions and stave off internal challenges.