Ancient History

A:

The fall of the Aztec Empire came about due to the Spanish conquest of Central America. After some brief and violent contact in 1517, a Spanish force under Hernan Cortes arrived in 1519 to completely subjugate the Aztecs. After war and disease swept the empire, it fell in 1521.

See Full Answer
Filed Under:
  • What were ancient China's natural resources?

    Q: What were ancient China's natural resources?

    A: The prodigious land area of ancient China harbored resources like coal, drinking water, numerous minerals and plant and animal life. China is the biggest producer of salt on Earth, with 17 million tons annually. There are 760 billion tons of coal located in China's Shanxi region, and the 3 trillion cubic meters of rainfall and river water rank 6th in the world.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What did Charles Darwin discover?

    Q: What did Charles Darwin discover?

    A: Charles Darwin is famous for the strong case he made in support of his theory of evolution. He showed how species changed over time, and proposed that all life resulted from evolution. His theory was controversial but eventually caught on with the scientific community.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What weapons did the Babylonians use?

    Q: What weapons did the Babylonians use?

    A: The ancient Babylonians used sharpened weapons such as sickle swords, socketed axes, spears, and the Egyptian-derived bladed mace, as well as clubs and staffs, and projectiles flung from war slings. The Babylonians were a Bronze Age people, so the bladed weapons they used were made of a softer metal than later civilization's iron and steel. This made them less effective in battle than iron and iron-alloy based weapons, as iron is harder and harder blades can take a sharper point.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Did ancient Indus River Valley cities have military protection?

    Q: Did ancient Indus River Valley cities have military protection?

    A: Research suggests that the people of the Indus Valley civilization were peaceful. No weapons or other forms of protection from invaders or other civilizations were used. According to USHistory.org, no evidence of a military has been found in the remains of these ancient cities.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What did Alexander the Great do?

    Q: What did Alexander the Great do?

    A: Alexander the Great created the largest political empire in the ancient world. He is considered a great military leader and was an inspiration to future leaders such as Julius Caesar and Napoleon Bonaparte.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is the oldest civilization known to man?

    Q: What is the oldest civilization known to man?

    A: Civilizations do not typically have discreet start dates, but tend to emerge gradually over the course of many centuries. This makes it a matter of interpretation whether Egypt, Mesopotamia or India was the first society to develop fixed residences and a complex division of labor.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is the cradle of civilization?

    Q: What is the cradle of civilization?

    A: Scholars traditionally regard Mesopotamia, an ancient area surrounding the Tigris and Euphrates rivers that is now parts of modern day Iraq, Syria, Turkey and Kuwait, as the cradle of civilization. The area is also know as the Fertile Crescent.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What did the Mayans eat?

    Q: What did the Mayans eat?

    A: The four staple foods in Mayan cuisine are squash, beans, maize and chili peppers, and they were often combined with meat or seafood. Squash, beans and maize are often referred to as the "three sisters" because they provide all the necessary nutrients when eaten together.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What was ancient Hebrew civilization like?

    Q: What was ancient Hebrew civilization like?

    A: Little is known about the oldest eras of ancient Hebrew civilization because the culture was nomadic. The most distinct and long-lasting elements of ancient Hebrew civilization lay not in its architectural, artistic or diplomatic contributions but in the focus of the people on a monotheistic God who was radically different from the gods worshipped by most ancient peoples.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Who won the Opium War between China and Great Britain?

    Q: Who won the Opium War between China and Great Britain?

    A: Great Britain won the Opium War against China. Their victory created foreign spheres of influence in China, allowed Great Britain to take possession of Hong Kong, opened China to European influence and created a drug epidemic in southeastern Asia.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What did samurai wear?

    Q: What did samurai wear?

    A: Samurai warriors wore kimonos, obis, loincloths, kamishimos, hakamas and occasionally long-sleeved coats and hats. Their clothing varied in quality and style depending on their socioeconomic status and level of mastery. All warriors wore loincloths, which served as underwear, along with belts and swords or other protective weapons, at all times.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What kind of government did Sparta have?

    Q: What kind of government did Sparta have?

    A: Sparta had what is known as a diarchical monarchy. The government's complete makeup consisted of dual kings; a council of about 30 gerontes or gerousia, which are rich elders; the ephors, a small council of five people and an assembly, called the Appella or Demos, of the common people who gathered once a month.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Why did the Aztecs sacrifice humans?

    Q: Why did the Aztecs sacrifice humans?

    A: The Aztecs sacrificed humans because they believed that without the sustenance of human life-blood, the sun would fail and the world would end. Their gods had sacrificed themselves to bring the world into existence, so humanity must continue the sacrifices to ensure the world remained sustained.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What food did Sumerians eat?

    Q: What food did Sumerians eat?

    A: Barley was the main staple of the Sumerian diet, and was used to make barley cakes and barley paste. Sumerians combined barley with other local vegetables, including beans, lentils, chickpeas, mustard and lettuce. Lamb, goat, pork and fish were favorites with city-dwelling Sumerians, but rural farming communities did not eat meat often and lived on a mostly vegetarian diet.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Who was the first person to invent music?

    Q: Who was the first person to invent music?

    A: Music predates recorded history, so it is impossible to say where and when it was first performed. However, there are archaeological records that indicate virtually all prehistoric societies developed musical instruments and had some capacity to play music.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What was the role of women in ancient China?

    Q: What was the role of women in ancient China?

    A: Women in ancient China lived oppressed lives, and their roles centered around caring for their husbands, cleaning, cooking and looking after their kids. The women of ancient China were expected to bear many children, and most of them felt pressure from their husbands to bear a son despite its being beyond their control.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What did the Incas live in?

    Q: What did the Incas live in?

    A: Inca houses were made from stone blocks and they had angled, thatched roofs. The Incas used mainly granite stones, because it was a hard, sturdy building material.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What was the first bank in the world?

    Q: What was the first bank in the world?

    A: The world's first bank on record was the Taula de la Ciutat, which opened in Barcelona in 1401. Banking practices can be traced back to the Roman Empire.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Where did the Earth come from?

    Q: Where did the Earth come from?

    A: Astrophysicists believe the Earth and the rest of the solar system is the result of the Big Bang and its explosions of massive stars. The Big Bang and the stellar explosions, called supernovas, blasted untold amounts of material into space. Eventually, the matter cooled down and began to clump together into a hot, spinning cloud that eventually became a solar nebula.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What was the religion of the Han dynasty?

    Q: What was the religion of the Han dynasty?

    A: The main religion of the Han dynasty was Taoism. The Han dynasty also embraced the philosophical ideas of Confucianism. Buddhism was brought to China during the Han dynasty.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What do "BC" and "AD" mean in a timeline?

    Q: What do "BC" and "AD" mean in a timeline?

    A: "B.C." stands for "before Christ," while "A.D." stand for "anno domini," meaning "in the year of our Lord," according to How Stuff Works. This way of delineating the calendar was established in the 5th century.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under: