At its largest extent, the Byzantine Empire included North Africa, the southern Iberian Peninsula, the Italian Peninsula, the Balkan Peninsula, Anatolia, Egypt and the Levant. The Empire's center was the city of Constantinople.
A:In Greek mythology, there was no single god in charge of protection. Rather, people would worship a variety of gods to assure protection against different threats. Worship itself was a way of protecting oneself from harm.
A:The Ancient Greeks spoke Ancient Greek with three different major dialects: Aeolic, Doric and Ionic. They were the first Europeans to both read and write with an alphabet. This alphabet eventually led to the development of all modern European languages.
A:Euclid was a Greek mathematician who developed a theorem that was later named in his honor as the Euclidean Algorithm. He developed a version of the fundamental theorem of arithmetic, and he showed that no finite collection of primes contains them all.
A:Romulus, the co-founder of Rome along with his brother Remus, went missing sometime during 717 B.C. and is presumed to have died around this time. The exact cause of his death is unknown, although there are many myths about how he died, according to Ancient History Encyclopedia.
A:The Trojan War began when the Trojan Prince Paris kidnapped Helen, the wife of Menelaus, king of Sparta. He was assisted by Aphrodite, who had promised him Helen, the most beautiful woman in the world, as a reward for siding with her in a competition against the goddesses Hera and Athena.
A:The culture of ancient Greece produced many accomplishments, such as art that remains among the world's finest, the first valid approaches to science, the first works of literature that remain in the canon of classics and significant contributions to mathematics. Later societies relied on Greek discoveries in mathematics and science all the way up until the Renaissance and even until the Industrial Revolution in many instances.
A:At Marathon, Greek forces successfully defended a Persian invasion. The Battle of Marathon was one of history's earliest recorded battles, occurring in September 490 B.C., nine years after the beginning of the Greco-Persian Wars. The battle is also considered a turning point in the wars, as the Persians were forced to retreat and end their first attempt at invasion.
A:When an athlete was crowned champion of his sport during the ancient Greek Olympics, his prize was a wreath of olive leaves that were cut from the trees in Zeus' sacred grove in Olympia, as well as having a statue of himself erected in Olympia. The prizes were quite minimal, as the honor associated with winning was by far more important.
A:According to SparkNotes, "The Iliad" chronicles events during the final year of the battle for Troy, centering around the conflict between the Greek hero Achilles and the Trojan hero Hector. After initially sitting out of the fight, Achilles becomes enraged at Hector's slaying of a dear friend and lays waste to the Trojan forces before killing Hector himself.
A:Greece is famous for many different reasons, including its historical sites, being the birthplace of democracy, the Olympic Games and famous Greek philosophers, leaders, poets and scientists. Some of the most famous historical buildings are found at the Acropolis in Athens. The Parthenon, which was built between 447 B.C. and 438 B.C. is still in existence at this site.
A:The ancient Greeks were polytheistic and believed in a pantheon of Gods, some of whom were more powerful than others. Though Zeus was the king of the gods, he was not omnipotent, and other deities controlled specific aspects of nature and human endeavor.
A:According to the University of Illinois, Medusa represented a variety of things including the face of the warrior possessed by battle frenzy, and in Christian symbolism Medusa represented the dreaded enemy and death. At first glance, the Medusa head appears to be of complete negativity.
A:The main similarity between Athens and Sparta was their form of government, which featured an elected assembly whose members came from among the people; the primary difference between the two cities came from their way of life, as Spartan life was simple and ascetic, while Athenian life was more highly creative. Another difference involved the two cities' views about their proper relationship with the rest of the Greeks.
A:The early Olympic games were held as a way to honor the Olympian gods. They also aimed to show the physical qualities of young athletes and encourage good relations between the competing Greek cities.
A:Cronus was the master of all-devouring time, particularly eternity. He became king of the Titans when he overthrew his own father Uranus, castrating him with a magic sickle and throwing his genitalia into the ocean.
A:Historians and archaeologists have placed the Trojan war some time in the 13th century B.C. Because there are so many different accounts of the Trojan War, it is difficult to determine the exact dates on which it took place.