At its largest extent, the Byzantine Empire included North Africa, the southern Iberian Peninsula, the Italian Peninsula, the Balkan Peninsula, Anatolia, Egypt and the Levant. The Empire's center was the city of Constantinople.
A:The culture of ancient Greece produced many accomplishments, such as art that remains among the world's finest, the first valid approaches to science, the first works of literature that remain in the canon of classics and significant contributions to mathematics. Later societies relied on Greek discoveries in mathematics and science all the way up until the Renaissance and even until the Industrial Revolution in many instances.
A:Cronus was the master of all-devouring time, particularly eternity. He became king of the Titans when he overthrew his own father Uranus, castrating him with a magic sickle and throwing his genitalia into the ocean.
A:The Trojan War began when the Trojan Prince Paris kidnapped Helen, the wife of Menelaus, king of Sparta. He was assisted by Aphrodite, who had promised him Helen, the most beautiful woman in the world, as a reward for siding with her in a competition against the goddesses Hera and Athena.
A:Socrates is acknowledged as the father of Western philosophy, a great teacher who taught Plato, who in his turn taught Aristotle, Alexander the Great's teacher. Beyond philosophy, Socrates was a brave and skilled soldier who once saved the life of Athenian general Alcibiades.
A:Romulus, the co-founder of Rome along with his brother Remus, went missing sometime during 717 B.C. and is presumed to have died around this time. The exact cause of his death is unknown, although there are many myths about how he died, according to Ancient History Encyclopedia.
A:The early Olympic games were held as a way to honor the Olympian gods. They also aimed to show the physical qualities of young athletes and encourage good relations between the competing Greek cities.
A:The Roman Colosseum was built in A.D. 75 and finished in A.D. 82 in Rome for gladiatorial competitions as well as other brutal contests involving men and animals. The Colosseum held up to 50,000 people with four tiers of marble seats. The Colosseum is an oval-shaped building made of stone and concrete.
A:The main similarity between Athens and Sparta was their form of government, which featured an elected assembly whose members came from among the people; the primary difference between the two cities came from their way of life, as Spartan life was simple and ascetic, while Athenian life was more highly creative. Another difference involved the two cities' views about their proper relationship with the rest of the Greeks.
A:In Greek mythology, there was no single god in charge of protection. Rather, people would worship a variety of gods to assure protection against different threats. Worship itself was a way of protecting oneself from harm.
A:Traditional Greek images and statuary show Athena in typical noble Greek woman's dress with the addition of a hoplite's open-face helmet. Athena appears to be dressed in a blend of men's armor and women's clothing, though the garments vary to a certain degree.
A:When an athlete was crowned champion of his sport during the ancient Greek Olympics, his prize was a wreath of olive leaves that were cut from the trees in Zeus' sacred grove in Olympia, as well as having a statue of himself erected in Olympia. The prizes were quite minimal, as the honor associated with winning was by far more important.
A:Euclid was a Greek mathematician who developed a theorem that was later named in his honor as the Euclidean Algorithm. He developed a version of the fundamental theorem of arithmetic, and he showed that no finite collection of primes contains them all.
A:According to SparkNotes, "The Iliad" chronicles events during the final year of the battle for Troy, centering around the conflict between the Greek hero Achilles and the Trojan hero Hector. After initially sitting out of the fight, Achilles becomes enraged at Hector's slaying of a dear friend and lays waste to the Trojan forces before killing Hector himself.
A:The Ancient Greeks spoke Ancient Greek with three different major dialects: Aeolic, Doric and Ionic. They were the first Europeans to both read and write with an alphabet. This alphabet eventually led to the development of all modern European languages.
A:Athena's special powers are wisdom and arts and crafts, such as agriculture, navigation, spinning, weaving and needlework. She is the goddess of war, but she focuses on strategy instead of bloodshed.
A:The ancient Greeks were polytheistic and believed in a pantheon of Gods, some of whom were more powerful than others. Though Zeus was the king of the gods, he was not omnipotent, and other deities controlled specific aspects of nature and human endeavor.