Ancient Greece

A:

The ancient Greeks were polytheistic and believed in a pantheon of Gods, some of whom were more powerful than others. Though Zeus was the king of the gods, he was not omnipotent, and other deities controlled specific aspects of nature and human endeavor.

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  • What is Greece famous for?

    Q: What is Greece famous for?

    A: Greece is famous for many different reasons, including its historical sites, being the birthplace of democracy, the Olympic Games and famous Greek philosophers, leaders, poets and scientists. Some of the most famous historical buildings are found at the Acropolis in Athens. The Parthenon, which was built between 447 B.C. and 438 B.C. is still in existence at this site.
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  • What did the ancient Greeks believe in?

    Q: What did the ancient Greeks believe in?

    A: The ancient Greeks were polytheistic and believed in a pantheon of Gods, some of whom were more powerful than others. Though Zeus was the king of the gods, he was not omnipotent, and other deities controlled specific aspects of nature and human endeavor.
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  • What happened at the Battle of Marathon?

    Q: What happened at the Battle of Marathon?

    A: At Marathon, Greek forces successfully defended a Persian invasion. The Battle of Marathon was one of history's earliest recorded battles, occurring in September 490 B.C., nine years after the beginning of the Greco-Persian Wars. The battle is also considered a turning point in the wars, as the Persians were forced to retreat and end their first attempt at invasion.
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  • How long did the Trojan War last?

    Q: How long did the Trojan War last?

    A: The Trojan War lasted slightly more than 10 years. During the first nine years, the Greeks fought against the Trojans and its neighbors to attempt to cut off Troy's supplies and gain an advantage.
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  • Who was the Greek god of protection?

    Q: Who was the Greek god of protection?

    A: In Greek mythology, there was no single god in charge of protection. Rather, people would worship a variety of gods to assure protection against different threats. Worship itself was a way of protecting oneself from harm.
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  • What did Medusa represent?

    Q: What did Medusa represent?

    A: According to the University of Illinois, Medusa represented a variety of things including the face of the warrior possessed by battle frenzy, and in Christian symbolism Medusa represented the dreaded enemy and death. At first glance, the Medusa head appears to be of complete negativity.
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  • What are the dates during which the Trojan War took place?

    Q: What are the dates during which the Trojan War took place?

    A: Historians and archaeologists have placed the Trojan war some time in the 13th century B.C. Because there are so many different accounts of the Trojan War, it is difficult to determine the exact dates on which it took place.
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  • When did Romulus die?

    Q: When did Romulus die?

    A: Romulus, the co-founder of Rome along with his brother Remus, went missing sometime during 717 B.C. and is presumed to have died around this time. The exact cause of his death is unknown, although there are many myths about how he died, according to Ancient History Encyclopedia.
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  • What are three contributions to mathematics by Euclid?

    Q: What are three contributions to mathematics by Euclid?

    A: Euclid was a Greek mathematician who developed a theorem that was later named in his honor as the Euclidean Algorithm. He developed a version of the fundamental theorem of arithmetic, and he showed that no finite collection of primes contains them all.
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  • Why were the ancient Olympic games held?

    Q: Why were the ancient Olympic games held?

    A: The early Olympic games were held as a way to honor the Olympian gods. They also aimed to show the physical qualities of young athletes and encourage good relations between the competing Greek cities.
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  • What were the achievements of Socrates?

    Q: What were the achievements of Socrates?

    A: Socrates is acknowledged as the father of Western philosophy, a great teacher who taught Plato, who in his turn taught Aristotle, Alexander the Great's teacher. Beyond philosophy, Socrates was a brave and skilled soldier who once saved the life of Athenian general Alcibiades.
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  • What were the prizes in the ancient Olympics?

    Q: What were the prizes in the ancient Olympics?

    A: When an athlete was crowned champion of his sport during the ancient Greek Olympics, his prize was a wreath of olive leaves that were cut from the trees in Zeus' sacred grove in Olympia, as well as having a statue of himself erected in Olympia. The prizes were quite minimal, as the honor associated with winning was by far more important.
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  • How did Aristotle change the world?

    Q: How did Aristotle change the world?

    A: Aristotle changed the world as he was the first to organize human knowledge into categories, some of which are still used in modern times. These categories include biology, mathematics and ethics.
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  • Where did Euclid live?

    Q: Where did Euclid live?

    A: The life of Euclid is not well documented, but it is known that he lived in Athens, Greece for a time. He is also known to have taught in Alexandria, Egypt.
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  • What caused the Trojan War?

    Q: What caused the Trojan War?

    A: The Trojan War began when the Trojan Prince Paris kidnapped Helen, the wife of Menelaus, king of Sparta. He was assisted by Aphrodite, who had promised him Helen, the most beautiful woman in the world, as a reward for siding with her in a competition against the goddesses Hera and Athena.
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  • What language did the Ancient Greeks speak?

    Q: What language did the Ancient Greeks speak?

    A: The Ancient Greeks spoke Ancient Greek with three different major dialects: Aeolic, Doric and Ionic. They were the first Europeans to both read and write with an alphabet. This alphabet eventually led to the development of all modern European languages.
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  • Where was Pythagoras educated?

    Q: Where was Pythagoras educated?

    A: Pythagoras was educated in Tyre, Samos and Miletus, which is present-day Syria and Asia Minor, as well as Egypt. He later founded his own mystery school in Croton, which is southern Italy.
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  • What is the Roman Coliseum?

    Q: What is the Roman Coliseum?

    A: The Roman Colosseum was built in A.D. 75 and finished in A.D. 82 in Rome for gladiatorial competitions as well as other brutal contests involving men and animals. The Colosseum held up to 50,000 people with four tiers of marble seats. The Colosseum is an oval-shaped building made of stone and concrete.
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  • What special power did Cronus have?

    Q: What special power did Cronus have?

    A: Cronus was the master of all-devouring time, particularly eternity. He became king of the Titans when he overthrew his own father Uranus, castrating him with a magic sickle and throwing his genitalia into the ocean.
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  • How would you compare and contrast Athens and Sparta?

    Q: How would you compare and contrast Athens and Sparta?

    A: The main similarity between Athens and Sparta was their form of government, which featured an elected assembly whose members came from among the people; the primary difference between the two cities came from their way of life, as Spartan life was simple and ascetic, while Athenian life was more highly creative. Another difference involved the two cities' views about their proper relationship with the rest of the Greeks.
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  • What did the Greek goddess Athena wear?

    Q: What did the Greek goddess Athena wear?

    A: Traditional Greek images and statuary show Athena in typical noble Greek woman's dress with the addition of a hoplite's open-face helmet. Athena appears to be dressed in a blend of men's armor and women's clothing, though the garments vary to a certain degree.
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