Christopher Columbus was trying to go to east Asia. He wanted to reach the island of Japan, and, from there, go to the Spice Islands and China to trade, spread Christianity and explore Asia in the name of Spain.
A:The Mayans lived in the Yucatan, which is now Mexico. Evidence exists indicating that they also lived in Guatemala, El Salvador, western Honduras and Belize. Mayans existed between the years of 2600 B.C. and 1800 B.C. However, the Mayan empire was in full force between 250 A.D. and 900 A.D.
A:The main tools and weapons used by the Southwest Indians included spears and bows and arrows for hunting, spindles and looms for weaving, wooden hoes and rakes for farming and pump drills for digging holes in beads and shells. The term Southwest Indians often refers to the Pueblo Indians.
A:The main form of entertainment for the Mayans was a type of ball game played in special courts constructed in an I-shape. Two teams opposed each other in trying to get a rubber ball through stone hoops attached to the sides of the courts or at opposite ends of the court. The entire community became involved as players, spectators, sponsors and gamblers, and priests performed ceremonies before and after.
A:In the Aztec empire, much of the governmental power was held by city councils, with the empire being ruled by the largest of the city councils in Tenochtitlan. The city councils were comprised of members of the calpulli, which were local, working-class cooperatives.
A:The Mayas, Incas and Aztecs were three groups of people in Central and South America. The Aztecs and the Mayas lived in what is now southern and central Mexico, and the Incas lived around the Andes on South America's Pacific Coast.
A:The Mayans built the Temple of Inscriptions as a tomb for K'inich Janaab' Pakal, who ruled Palenque for around 70 years in the 7th century. Construction on the temple began around A.D. 675, in the last decade of Pakal's reign, and ended shortly after he died in 683.
A:There were a number of jobs available in Aztec society, and people had access to certain types of work depending on the social group they were born into. Farm work formed the foundation of the Aztec economy, but there were also diverse middle class occupations like merchant, artisan and soldier.
A:The building of temples and great cities without modern machinery, using astronomy to predict astrological cycles and plant crops and using their language to communicate and measure time are some of the Mayans most notable achievements. During a 600-year period of time, which was from 300 A.D. until 900 A.D., the Mayans made many great achievements in science, communications, engineering and agriculture.
A:Native American mound builders lived primarily in the United States Midwest. Mound ceremonial sites have been found primarily in Indiana, Illinois, Ohio, Wisconsin, Minnesota and Michigan. Most of the ceremonial mound sites were built between 2,200 and 1,600 years ago.
A:Three major achievements of the Mayan civilization were in architecture, astronomy and math. The Maya people were great builders who constructed roads, great cities and temples. Mayan cities had magnificent palaces, monuments with intricate designs and temple pyramids that are still evident today.
A:Machu Picchu, sometimes called the lost city of the Incas, was built by the Incas, possibly by the ruler Pachacutec Inca Yupanqui, around the middle of the 15th century. It may have been either a religious site or a royal retreat for the Inca emperor.
A:Christopher Columbus was trying to go to east Asia. He wanted to reach the island of Japan, and, from there, go to the Spice Islands and China to trade, spread Christianity and explore Asia in the name of Spain.
A:A smallpox epidemic swept through the Inca Empire, weakening it just in time for the Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro and his men and allies to conquer it. There is also strong evidence that the empire was already crumbling, its infrastructure damaged by overexpansion and its government by strife.
A:The fall of the Aztec Empire came about due to the Spanish conquest of Central America. After some brief and violent contact in 1517, a Spanish force under Hernan Cortes arrived in 1519 to completely subjugate the Aztecs. After war and disease swept the empire, it fell in 1521.
A:Although much of the Apache lifestyle was centered around survival, there were a few games and pastimes they took part in. Games called "toe toss stick" and "foot toss ball" were played among both adults and children.
A:Olmec architecture included monumental sacred complexes and massive stone sculptures. Mound structures found at San Lorenzo, the Olmecs' earliest urban center, were originally stepped pyramids similar to the ziggurats of Mesopotamia. The platforms at the top were used for temples.
A:The Inca empire was located along western South America. At the height of its expansion in 1533, it reached from the modern-day countries of Colombia to Chile, encompassing a 2,500-mile region. The population of the empire at the time of European contact, around 1526, was approximately 20 million people.
A:The Cheyenne Indians originally led a sedentary lifestyle, farming crops such as corn and beans. However, with the introduction of horses from Spanish traders, the Cheyenne became a more mobile society and took to following herds of bison across the Great Plains. The buffalo provided the tribe with food and materials for clothes and tools. The Cheyenne lived in tipis, smoked peace pipes and wore feathered headdresses. The Cheyenne tribe is among the best-known tribes of Native Americans.
A:The Aztec civilization introduced many of its achievements to the modern world, such as universal education, the sport of soccer, hot chocolate, chewing gum and red dye. The Aztecs were a nomadic tribe that built a powerful empire in what is now present-day Mexico City starting in the 13th century, until its conquest by Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes in 1521.