The National Defense Resources Preparedness executive order or Executive Order 13603 is a type of martial law that grants the Department of Homeland Security the right to take custody of any resource needed from the people of The United States. President Barack Obama signed Executive Order 13603 March 16, 2015.
An Executive Order is a direct order issued by the executive branch of government (president or governor) without consultation of the legislative or judicial branches. These orders can only be issued to federal or state agencies, but citizens of the country are incidentally affected by them. George Washington signed the first executive order April 22, 1793.