Native American artifacts include items used in everyday life such as arrowheads, butchering tools, baskets and pottery. The Clovis Point is thought to be the oldest type of arrowhead, with scientists dating their finds back to 14,000 years ago.The Clovis is unique to North America, usually having a barbed base and flutes or grooves that allowed the arrowheads to be attached to arrows or spears. Pelican Paleo points were smaller, dating back to roughly 6,000 to 10,000 years ago.
The Whopper Chopper is considered a butchering tool, but it could also be a large piece of stone that smaller arrowheads or flakes are made from. Sometimes called blanks, they were valuable trade items since some tribes lived far away from quarry sites. Finishing the large blades and making them into handmade tools, such as adzes and pointed digging sticks, was common practice.
Baskets and pottery items were useful for storage and cooking. Some baskets were just simple weaves, while others, such as a large basket made by the Paiute, had distinctive patterns. Like the baskets, pottery came in all shapes and sizes. Examples include clay pots made by the Pueblos between 900 and 1,150 A.D. and the Mississippian stem pots dating back to 600 A.D. The latter resemble ornate pitchers, sometimes decorated with human heads or figures.