Examples of colonialism include the ancient Greek colonization of Sicily, the Spanish colonization of South America, the Viking colonization of Normandy and the British colonization of Australia. Colonialism involves a powerful nation sending settlers to permanently live in another land under the originating nation's control.Continue Reading
Though there is some overlap, colonialism is distinct from imperialism in that colonies were places controlled by permanent settlers from the ruling nation, whereas empires involved control of distant lands by ruling nations but not necessarily a permanent settlement. For example, U.S. citizens colonized the North American West, but the United States exerted imperial control over the Philippines, where Americans sent to administer the small nation had no expectation of settling there permanently. Both imperialism and colonialism have shaped civilizations for most of recorded history. In both cases, high mobility by the dominant nation, usually secondary to trade growth as well as high prosperity leading to an increase in population, end with the colonization and/or imperial control of other regions.
In modern times, the term imperialism has been used to describe indirect control of other nations, such as the financial dominance of Western nations over much of the world. According to some scholars, including Edward Said, this modern indirect imperialism is largely due to postcolonialism, in which a previously colonial power continues to control its former colonies.Learn more about Exploration & Imperialism
Examples of manifest destiny include the war with Mexico to acquire Texas and other areas of the Southwest, the dispute with Great Britain over the Oregon Territory and the U.S. colonization of Puerto Rico and the Philippines. Manifest destiny also influenced the U.S. acquisition of Native American lands.Full Answer >
The effect of British colonization on Nigerian politics was that additional divisions were created within the Nigerian country when the British created economic wealth in the south as well as Christian influences to further divide the two areas amongst one another. These divisions only multiplied until there were seven military coups as well as a war so that when a civil government was created, the people still felt divided and remembered the many divisions.Full Answer >
While historians usually divide episodes of European colonialism or imperialism into separate eras, there are nonetheless consistencies in motive between those eras. The first commonality is the desire for natural resources. The second motive is the creation of controlled markets in the colonies, and the third reason is military and geopolitical strategy.Full Answer >
During 800 to 1150 A.D., referred to as the Viking Age, many Vikings left their homeland of Scandinavia to resettle in other areas such as Ireland, Scotland, England, Iceland, Greenland and as far off as Canada, France and Sicily. Scandinavia consisted of the countries Norway, Sweden and Denmark.Full Answer >