Portugal colonized Brazil in 1500. The Brazilian Indians were not as advanced as the civilizations of Peru and Mexico, such as the Aztecs and Mayans.
The Brazilian Indians were hunter-gatherers who used the slash-and-burn technique in agriculture. They did not wear clothing, domesticate animals or live in towns. When the Portuguese settled in Brazil, the Brazilian Indians were forced to move away from the colonial settlement. The Portuguese did not make much revenue from Brazil at first, although the sugar industry flourished. They also discovered gold and diamonds in Brazil in the 1690s and 1720s. In the 1820s, the main exports from Brazil were sugar, cotton and coffee. Brazil became independent in 1822.