What Is the Eruption History of Mount Fuji?

eruption-history-mount-fuji Credit: José Fuste Raga/age fotostock/Getty Images

The first recorded eruption of Mount Fuji occurred in the year 781, and it has erupted 16 times since then, with the last recorded eruption occurring in 1707. Mount Fuji is currently classified as dormant, but eruption is possible again at some point in the future. Currently, the volcano exhibits no signs of activity, so tourists and hikers routinely visit the peak.

Mount Fuji erupted 13 times between 781 and 1083. After more than 428 years of dormancy, the volcano erupted again in 1511. It erupted twice after that, with the last eruption occurring in the early 18th century. In 2001, elevated activity was documented under the volcano, which may indicate an impending eruption. Scientists cannot predict exactly when this may happen, nor can they guarantee any future eruptions. Japan has very advanced volcano monitoring technologies, and the government monitors the volcano closely.

Mount Fuji is thought to have formed between 700,000 and 200,000 years ago. Mount Fuji is a type of volcano called a stratovolcano. Stratovolcanoes are the largest volcanoes on Earth, and they form from the accumulation of cooled lava and ash. Mount Fuji rises to over 12,000 feet above sea level, and is one of the tallest volcanoes in the world. It is the highest peak in Japan.