Japan's transformation into an imperial power was the result of its victory as a member of the Allied Powers in World War I, its growth as a westernized industrial nation and the gain of territory achieved during its wars with Russia and China between 1894 and 1905. Japan was also granted control of the Shandong Peninsula in China in exchange for helping the British during World War I. Prior to the outbreak of World War II, Japan invaded and occupied Manchuria, an act which further established Japanese territorial expansion and gained the country control of a Chinese province rich in resources.Continue Reading
The growth of the Japanese population from 35 million to 70 million in little more than a half century, coupled with the development of an emperor-based and militaristic centralized state government were also factors contributing to the nation's transformation into an imperial power. The Empire of Japan was established in 1868 by the Japanese Emperor Meiji, and it effectively ended the feudal system of provincial control by local shogun rulers.
The Japanese occupation of Manchuria in 1931 and the establishment of a Japanese-controlled region renamed "Manchukuo" was condemned by Western powers as an act of war. The League of Nations, the intergovernmental peace-keeping organization at that time, proved to be ineffective in achieving a Japanese withdrawal from the region. The League's only real persuasive tool lay in economic sanctions, an approach which had little affect on the Japanese who were already suffering the effects of the worldwide depression taking place at the time. Further Japanese expansions occurred in 1932 with the attack on the city of Shanghai, the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937 and the empire's invasion of French colonies in Indochina in 1940.Learn more about Modern Asia
Japan's birth as a nation, depending on the definition of nation used, could be as dated 10,000 years ago, when a hunter-gatherer society called the Jamon developed. Its birth date also could be identified as 710 A.D., when the first strong central government developed in Nara.Full Answer >
Trench warfare is a set of fighting techniques that predominated in the struggle between the Allied and Central Powers during World War I. In its most characteristic form, trench warfare involves two forces digging fortifications and fighting in place, without significant mobility, until superior attrition turns the tide decisively against one faction.Full Answer >
Three weaknesses of the Treaty of Versailles include: the lack of an army within the League of Nations, making it impossible for the League to have authority to follow through on decisions made; Italy and Japan's resentfulness of the treaty, as they wanted a larger reward for fighting with the Allied Powers during World War I and President Wilson's failure to get congressional support, preventing the United States from ratifying the treaty. The Treaty of Versailles had strengths, however, as it gave independence to Czechoslovakia, Poland and Hungary.Full Answer >
The Treaty of Versailles formally ended the war between Germany and the Allied Powers, effectively ending World War I. It was signed on June 28, 1919. An earlier armistice agreement, signed on November 11, 1918, ended the actual fighting.Full Answer >