Who Is Emperor Kangxi?


Quick Answer

Emperor Kangxi was the third Emperor of the Qing Dynasty and the second Qing emperor to rule China. His 61-year reign lasted from 1661 to 1722, making him the longest-serving emperor in China’s history and one of the longest-reigning rulers of any nation. He brought long-term stability and prosperity to China and is considered one of the country’s greatest leaders.

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Full Answer

Kangxi took the throne at age 7 and ruled with the help of his grandmother, the Dowager Grand Empress Xiaozhuang, and the regent Oboi until age 15 when he was old enough to rule alone. His notable accomplishments include putting down the Three Feudatories Rebellion of Wu Sangui and two other generals in 1673, conquering the Taiwanese Zhen Jing government in 1683, defending his borders against the Tsarist army at the Amur River in 1689, strengthening the Neo-Confucian bureaucratic system and expanding the Chinese empire's total territory. The period of peace and economic stability in the latter half of his reign is known as the Prosperous Era of Kangxi and Qianlong. At the time of his death, the Qing Empire included inner and outer Mongolia. Also to his credit, a large surplus existed in the national treasury when he died in 1722.

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