Dwight D. Eisenhower was the supreme commander of the Allied Forces in Western Europe during World War II, a position confirmed in February 1944. He led the D-Day invasion on June 6, 1944 and drove the military forces through France. By the middle of December, he and his troops had engaged in the Battle of the Bulge, a costly campaign in terms of human life but militarily successful, and it earned Eisenhower the rank of General of the Army.
When World War II began, Eisenhower became Chief of the War Plans Division in Washington, D.C. and soon rose to the office of Assistant Chief of Staff under General George Marshall. He so impressed his boss that he was appointed commander of the European Theater of Operations in June 1942 and not long thereafter received a promotion to lieutenant general.
Eisenhower, now headquartered in London, also received an appointment as supreme commander of the Allied forces in the North African theater. During the campaigns, he was promoted to the rank of general and directed operations in the Mediterranean theater before returning to London to plan for the French invasion.
His experience and ability to lead served him well as he worked with the other Allied leaders in making plans for D-Day. When Germany surrendered on May 8, 1945, General Eisenhower was appointed Military Governor of the U.S. Occupation Zone to help refugees and deal with the Nazi atrocities.