No single group discovered Spain. The country has been repeatedly settled and occupied by distinct groups throughout history. The first sedentary group with long-term settlements in Spain was the Iberians, who came from Libya.
Many other peoples followed the early Iberians. The Celts moved into Spain and combined cultures with the pre-existing Iberians. Various wealthy Mediterranean trading communities, such as the Phoenicians, also founded cities in Spain and influenced its culture. The Romans conquered Spain and established many new customs that have been passed down to present-day Spain. Muslims ruled over parts of Spain for many centuries during the Middle Ages.