The direct result of the Nuremberg Trials was the prosecution and sentencing of World War II Nazi officials for war crimes. Of the 24 Nazi defendants, 12 were given death sentences, three were sentenced to life imprisonment, four received prison sentences of varying lengths, three were acquitted and two did not stand trial.
Although 12 defendants at the Nuremberg Trials were sentenced to death, only 10 were executed. Hermann Goring took poison in his cell before his execution, and Martin Bormann, tried in absentia, was later found to have been killed in 1945 while attempting to escape from Berlin. The other 10 were hanged on Oct. 16, 1946. The four limited prison terms ranged from 10 to 20 years. All those given prison sentences were interned at Spandau Prison in West Berlin. They were the only prisoners kept there, and from 1966 to 1987, Rudolf Hess was the only remaining inmate. After his death, the prison was demolished.
Three defendants at the Nuremberg Trials were acquitted, either because they opposed the Nazis or had committed no crimes worthy of punishment. Robert Ley killed himself in prison before standing trial. One other defendant, partially paralyzed by a stroke, was judged to be medically unfit to stand trial and died in 1950.