One of the differences between the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire that followed it was the former republic's inability to manage the huge amount of territory that it had acquired. The Roman Empire, however, was able to control Rome's holdings, and remained more effective at stifling civil unrest. By removing the system of checks and balances that was in place during the republic, the Roman Empire's incumbent emperor was able to respond quickly and with greater force to any perceived or unfolding threat.Continue Reading
Both forms of Roman governance were involved in harsh and often ruthless wars of territorial expansion, with most of them taking place during the time Rome remained a republic. The republic's system of government, however, was based on a written constitution, elected officials and other representative groups while the Roman Empire was governed in the manner of an emperor-based imperial dictatorship.
During the time of the Roman Republic, the power of the senate, which began as a forum for debate, increased and eventually gained a degree of influence on Rome's military affairs. Nonetheless, the Roman Republic was never a true republic in the strict sense of the word. The governing and legislative power remained consolidated within a small group of individuals of noble birth and men who had amassed a great degree of wealth.Learn more about Ancient Rome
Augustus Caesar, also known as Gaius Octavius, was the first Roman emperor, and ruled the Roman Empire between 31 B.C. and his death in A.D. 14. Some historians date his reign beginning in 27 B.C., when he dispensed with republican titles and accepted the title "Augustus."Full Answer >
Roman soldiers wore a variety of clothes, including socks, loincloths, leg wraps, trousers, armor, cloaks, belts and sandals. Roman soldiers, like civilians, dressed according to weather conditions during the different seasons. Soldiers wore heavier fabrics, such as wool, in the wintertime and switched to clothing made of light, loose and breathable linen and cotton during warmer weather.Full Answer >
Paid laborers, slaves and the Roman Legion built the Roman aqueducts. The materials they used were lead pipes, cement, volcanic concrete and stone. The Roman builders constructed the aqueducts utilizing gravity to keep the flow of the water moving to the appropriate places and stored it in cisterns.Full Answer >
Due to the vast expansion and mobile tendencies of the Roman empire, soldiers were housed in leather tents, often occupied by up to eight men. These structures were broken down and moved as needed along the journey. Each soldier carried two stakes and tools for digging to set up camp.Full Answer >