The most recent war in Afghanistan began on October 7, 2001, with the initiation of intense air attacks and ground assaults by British and American forces. Other nations, such as Canada, France, Germany and Australia, provided logistical support, and anti-Taliban Afghan rebels from the Northern Alliance provided ground support during the invasion.
The U.S.-led invasion of Afghanistan, named Operation Enduring Freedom, was a response to the September 11, 2001, attacks on the Pentagon and World Trade Center. The two main goals of the invasion were to kill or capture Al-Qaida's leader, Osama Bin Laden, and to remove the extremist Taliban government that was harboring those believed to be responsible for the September 11 terrorist attacks in Washington D.C. and New York. As a result of the invasion of Afghanistan, Osama Bin Laden issued a statement demanding war against all non-Muslims in the world.