During 800 to 1150 A.D., referred to as the Viking Age, many Vikings left their homeland of Scandinavia to resettle in other areas such as Ireland, Scotland, England, Iceland, Greenland and as far off as Canada, France and Sicily. Scandinavia consisted of the countries Norway, Sweden and Denmark.
Archaeological evidence shows that the Scandinavians shared common characteristics in the way they built their homes, their style of jewelry and the way they manufactured their tools and other equipment. In this manner, historians are able to pinpoint from where they originated. Vikings are known for being mercenaries, and the ecclesiastical stores of wealth were in abundance at that time. Not only did the churches and monasteries store their precious items in house, but important and wealthy members of the community also kept their prized possessions there.
The Vikings found that they could further increase their wealth by stealing embellished manuscripts and Bibles and then selling them back in the form of blackmail. Vikings were also tradesmen, merchants, farmers and fishermen, and resettling to other areas offered extensive natural resources of the sea and land. Being adventurous was an advantage for the Vikings because there were new lands to explore and riches to be acquired.