On Jan. 23, 1973, the Paris Peace Accords solidified a ceasefire between the North and South Vietnamese forces and gave the United States 60 days to withdrawal its troops. However, fighting resumed between the North and South in 1974. South Vietnam surrendered in April 1975, officially ending the war.
The conflict in Vietnam began in 1945 as an anti-c battle between the French government and the Vietnamese. After defeating the French forces in 1954, Vietnam split in two, creating the communist North Vietnam and the anti-communist South Vietnam. After the South refused to hold a unifying election in 1956, forces from the North attacked the government of South Vietnam in 1958. It was at this point that the United States began to send troops to Vietnam. By the war's end, roughly 58,000 U.S. troops were dead, as were between 1 and 2 million Vietnamese people.