Q:

How did the Treaty of Versailles punish Germany?

A:

Quick Answer

The Treaty of Versailles punished Germany by taking away territories and overseas colonies, reducing the size of the nation's army and forcing Germany to pay reparations. Essentially, Germany was forced to take the blame for World War I.

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Full Answer

Under the treaty, Germany had to give up land to France, Belgium, Czechoslavakia, Denmark and Poland, including West Prussia, Alsace-Lorraine, Northern Schleswig, Eupen and Malmedy. Germany's overseas colonies, furthermore, were surrendered to the control of the League of Nations.

The "War Guilt Clause," or Article 231, placed blame for the war on Germany. Thus, Germany had to take responsibility for reparation payments, especially to France and Belgium. The German Army was limited to 100,000 men, submarines and the Air Force were banned and the German Navy could not consist of vessels weighing over 100,000 tons. Germany was also forced to hold war crime trials.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What are the major effects of the Treaty of Versailles?

    A:

    The Treaty of Versailles imposed reparations on Germany and reduced both its land and population, stirring feelings of resentment that contributed to Germany's instigation of World War II. The treaty placed limits on the German military meant to reduce the possibility of further German aggression. However, the treaty left Germany with sufficient political unity and economic vitality to enable its conquests during the Second World War.

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    How did the Treaty of Versailles affect Italy?

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    The Treaty of Versailles at the end of World War I granted Italy a seat on the League of Nations, a share in German war reparations and control of the Tyrol region of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Italy had expected much more, fueling resentment that would lead to the rise of fascism.

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    What are ten facts about the Treaty of Versailles?

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    After Europe was left shattered by World War I, peace was made concrete between Germany and the Allies with The Treaty of Versailles. A rather hefty document, the treaty featured approximately 440 articles over 15 sections and contained numerous annexes to satisfy the polarized opinions of those involved in its creation. Many wanted Germany completely destroyed, while others were more tempered and cautious about the effects of a violent response.

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  • Q:

    What nine new nations were created by the Treaty of Versailles?

    A:

    The Treaty of Versailles created nine new nations: Finland, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, Poland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia. The treaty was written by the Allies without German help starting in January of 1919 and ending in June of 1919.

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