The Treaty of Paris, enacted in 1793, secured America's independence from Great Britain and brought the revolutionary war to an end. On behalf of the United States, the Continental Congress sent three men - John Adams, John Jay and Benjamin Franklin - to London, England, in 1792. The American commission initially included President Thomas Jefferson and Henry Laurens too, but Laurens ended up held as a prisoner of war by the British navy, and Jefferson could not leave his post in the United States.Continue Reading
Despite its dwindling number of representatives, the appointed committee of Americans convened with British officials for a lengthy discussion and negotiations. At the time of the first meeting, the United States shared political alliances with France; the duo considered Great Britain an enemy. Despite defeating British troops at Yorktown, Adams, Jay and Franklin announced the United States' intentions of independence. That announcement surprised the French officials previously convinced of American allegiance with France.
Through the series of pre-treaty talks, the committee of the United States secured the country's political and economic independence from Britain. They expanded American fishing rights off the eastern Atlantic coasts of the United States and Canada too. The trio also secured a large tract of land for the United States that spanned the distance between the Allegheny Mountains and Mississippi River. The Americans and British officials codified the agreements in formal peace documents.Learn more about Modern Europe