The Taliban's rule in Afghanistan began in 1996; however, the Taliban did not rule the entirety of the country. The northern areas of Afghanistan remained largely under the control of the forces of the Northern Alliance.
The Taliban came to power in Afghanistan after the chaotic civil war that occurred following the collapse of the Soviet-supported regime in the early 1990s. With support from the Pakistani government and intelligence services, the Taliban defeated its enemies and secured control over the majority of Afghanistan. Establishing a capital at Kandahar, the Taliban began to impose a rigorous form of Islamic law, oppressing women and suppressing other faiths. The reign of the Taliban came to an end in 2001, when the United States attacked in response to its support for the Al-Qaeda terrorist group that carried out the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001.