Thomas Jonathan Jackson got his nickname "Stonewall" during the Battle of Bull Run in 1861, when Brigadier General Barnard E. Bee exclaimed, "Look, men! There is Jackson standing like a stone wall! Let us determine to die here, and we will conquer!" Although there is a lack of evidence to corroborate Bee's exact words, this version was published in the Charleston Mercury and reprinted in both the Richmond Daily Dispatch and the Lexington Gazette.
Stonewall Jackson, who fought for the Confederacy, earned his nickname at the First Battle of Manassas during the American Civil War. At Chancellorsville, his left arm was amputated after being shot twice. Instead of recovering from his wounds, his health declined and he contracted pneumonia. Jackson died in 1863.