Who Did Not Sign the Tripartite Pact?


Quick Answer

Of all the nations asked or pressured to sign the Tripartite Pact by the Axis Powers, only Russia and Finland did not sign the document. Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy and Imperial Japan were the original signatories of the Pact.

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Full Answer

Germany kept the Soviet Union at arm's length while expanding Nazi territory near Russian borders by signing the 1939 Non-Aggression Act, pledging that Germany wouldn't attack the Soviets. When Germany, Italy and Japan offered Russia a spot on the Tripartite Pact, the Soviets responded favorably, but Stalin demanded too much in return, causing the Axis countries to decline future proposals. Finland, whom the Soviet Union was constantly attempting to seize, agreed to join the Germans in their fight against Russia but repeatedly refused to sign the Tripartite Pact, stating that the fight with Russia was the only one that concerned them.

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