On May 17, 1954, the U.S. Supreme Court deemed segregation illegal in public schools in Brown vs. Board of Education. The plaintiff in the case was a seven-year-old African-American student from Kansas named Linda Brown.
Brown's father protested that his daughter was forced to walk 21 blocks and take a mile-long bus ride to reach an African-American school, when a whites-only school was located just blocks from the family's home. The Supreme Court took the case after the federal district court ruled against the Browns. The Supreme Court decided in a unanimous decision in favor of the plaintiff, overturning nearly 60 years of educational segregation.