The Schlieffen plan failed because Germans underestimated Russia and the plan depended on rapid deployment, which was resisted by Belgium. This plan was designed by General Count Alfred von Schlieffen in December, 1905, with the aim of defeating France and Russia. The execution of this plan compelled Britain to declare war on Germany in 1914.Continue Reading
In 1914, Germans believed in a possible war with Russia. If the war happened, France would come in to support Russia because they were allies. This implied that Germany would face attacks on both sides of her borders. To prevent such a situation from occurring, Germany had to create a plan. The plan was to defeat France quickly, then attack Russia, because they knew that Russia would take a long time to mobilize troops.
According the Schlieffen Plan, German had 6 weeks to secure victory against France before fighting Russia. On August 2, 1914, Germany attacked Belgium. However, the Belgian forces, assisted by the British Expeditionary Force, was able to hold back the Germany. Russian troops mobilized within 10 days, forcing Germany to withdraw her troops and concentrate on the eastern border. On September 5, 1914, France stopped the advancement of Germany, leading to the failure of the plan.Learn more about World War 1
Three key events to note on a timeline of World War I are the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the entrance of the United States into the war, and the signing of the Treaty of Versailles by the Germans. These events helped shaped the war.Full Answer >
The U-boat was used during World War I and helped the Germans destroy many Allied ships. These naval battles mostly took place around the British Isles and in the Mediterranean Sea. The primary targets were trade routes.Full Answer >
At the outset of the war, David Lloyd George's involvement was to speak against Great Britain being involved in any altercations that arose from the troubles in Europe, but with the invasion of Belgium the country had no choice and George became a voice for victory of the Allies. The formation of the government in Britain changed and when it did, George became the Master of Munitions and Minister of War in 1916.Full Answer >
When Britain entered World War I, it was primarily in reaction to Germany invading Belgium. Britain promised to defend Belgium in perpetuity under the Treaty of London, which it entered into in 1839. A secondary reason the country joined the war was too ensure that no European country became significantly larger or more powerful than the others.Full Answer >