Russia's withdrawal from World War I was based on two primary factors. The first concerned the major military reversals it had experienced in the field. The second stemmed from the internal upheaval and political change that culminated in the Bolshevik Revolution of October 1917.Continue Reading
The Russian military experienced negative outcomes from virtually the beginning of the war, according to the BBC. Even though they were able to mobilize faster than their enemies had anticipated, they were still unprepared, being outgunned and outclassed by their German adversaries. Despite a brief rebound in 1916, things managed to get worse for the Russians. Political disorder at home was exacerbated by charges of treason in the royal palace itself. According to BBC History, even the czar's daughter fell under suspicion of spying for the Germans. By 1917, food riots and mutiny within the ranks threatened to unravel the Russian war effort still further.
By 1917, Vladmir Lenin had returned from exile abroad, and was advocating politically for a full-fledged socialist government. Horrific losses in the spring offensive of that year further intensified anti-war feeling, and by October the Bolsheviks had gained power. With Lenin's promise to the masses of “peace, bread and land,” Russia moved toward a peace settlement with Germany that was formalized with the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk the following March.
Though initially a huge blow to her primary allies, Britain and France, Russia's withdrawal from the war was ultimately offset by the entry of the United States, and by 1918 Germany was forced to the peace table.Learn more about World War 1
Although the assassination of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand is cited as the main cause that thrust the world into war, many causes and events led up to World War I. Some of the secondary causes include the mutual defense alliances in place at the time, nationalism, imperialism and militarism.Full Answer >
Concerned that Germany was a threat to its territory, Russia joined World War I to prevent the geographically smaller nation from gaining a foothold on its borders. Seven years prior to the war, Russia joined France and Britain as allies in the face of the formation of the Triple Alliance, which comprised Germany, Italy and the Austro-Hungarian Empire.Full Answer >
World War I was considered a total war because all of the population of the main nations involved were called into service in one way or another. Even women, who typically were not involved in war, were responsible for growing food supplies and working in artillery factories.Full Answer >
The official start date of World War I was July 28, 1914. This is the date that Austria declared war on Serbia, thus starting the four-year war. This declaration came one month after the assassination of Francis Ferdinand in Sarajevo.Full Answer >