The renaissance began in the 1400s in Italy due to a conglomeration of culture, changing philosophical ideals and wealth. The beginning of the renaissance marked the end of the Middle Ages. An age defined by and centered on God and the Church began to erode into the renaissance—an age defined by man.
Italy was ripe for the growth of the new age due to the fact that it still retained some of the culture and society of the Roman empire. A new philosophy also offered the benefits of additional freedom to a wealthy class that had grown up close to the oppression of the Catholic church. Italy was also home to a number of wealthy families, such as the Medicis, who could afford to sponsor artists, scientists and other thought leaders in the renaissance.