Although historians disagree about the precise beginnings of the Renaissance, most trace its origins to the competition between artists and great thinkers in north-central Italy, particularly around the city of Florence. From there, the intellectual and artistic movement spread throughout the country and later throughout Europe.
The exact date of the beginning of the Renaissance is debated as widely as its geographical origin. The artistic movements of the 13th and 14th centuries certainly played a part in its inception, as great artisans flocked to north-central Italy and began sharing ideas and honing their skills. The Renaissance was in full swing by the 1400s, and some of the greatest works of art in history were created during this period.