How Did Peter the Great Reorganize the Government?

Peter the Great reorganized the Russian Tsarist government by modernizing it and modeling it after European examples. He opened up the traditionally conservative Romanov government to new and innovative types of administration.

Peter I of Russia abolished the archaic style of government practiced by his predecessors. He delegated his power by creating administrative institutions and establishing a senate and several ministries of the government. In 1722, Peter instituted the Table of Ranks, a ranking of the Russian nobility along with their obligatory posts as government and court officials. The object of the Table was to create a more efficient ruling noble class. The Table of Ranks also allowed commoners to obtain the rank of nobility by achieving military rank or civil status.

Peter also reorganized the Russian government by creating the first Russian navy and implementing valuable foreign-policy procedures. He encouraged the development of Western influence by inviting French, English, Dutch and Danish diplomats and intellects to his court.

Nineteenth century Russian historian Nikolai Pogodin wrote, "The Russia of today, that is to say, European Russia, diplomatic, political, military, commercial, industrial, scholastic, literary—is the creation of Peter the Great. Everywhere we look, we encounter this colossal figure, who casts a long shadow over our entire past."