Q:

Why did the partition of India happen?

A:

Quick Answer

The partition of India in 1947 was largely an attempt to quell sectarian violence in the country by splitting it into a majority Hindu India and a majority Muslim Pakistan. Mohandas Ghandi and others believed a unified state was a better solution, but the potential of becoming a permanent minority led the Muslim League and other groups to agitate for separation.

Continue Reading
Why did the partition of India happen?
Credit: Jeremy Woodhouse Blend Images Getty Images

Full Answer

While the partition was largely drawn along pre-existing lines, many Muslims lived in the lands that became India, and many Hindus lived in territory that became Pakistan. The partition resulted in the largest mass migration in human history, in which over 14 million Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs were displaced by the redrawn lines and forced to move from their ancestral homes.

The partition also resulted in massive violence. Before, during and after the partition process, sectarian groups targeted one another in the affected areas. In the Punjab region alone, somewhere between 200,000 and 500,000 people died in retributive genocidal attacks leading up to the partition. As many as 83,000 women were abducted and raped by groups on either side, and despite the government's promise they would be recovered and restored to their families, very few ever made it home.

Learn more about Modern Asia

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is the average salary in India?

    A:

    India is a lower-middle income country, and the average worker makes about 720 American dollars per year, or about 2 dollars per day. In terms of Indian rupees, the national currency of the country, the average citizen makes about 36,000 annually.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Where is India located?

    A:

    The country of India is located in southeast Asia. It is bounded by the Arabian Sea to the southwest and the Bay of Bengal to the southeast. The southern tip of India is bordered by the Indian Ocean.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are the problems facing India?

    A:

    According to Issues of India, India faces a number of problems, including an unfinished attempt at national integration. This helps to foster a divide among people who may be geographically close but know very little of one another.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Is India a democratic country?

    A:

    India is a democratic country as of 2015. The preamble of its constitution declares that the country is a democracy, and the electoral process follows democratic lines.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore