Although the first concept of a threaded bolt, or screw, is believed to have been developed during the time of the Ancient Greeks by either Archytas of Tarentum or Archimedes, the first record of a threaded bolt used with an accompanying nut as a fastening device dates back to a 15th century book. The practice of using a screw as a fastening device gained acceptance about that time when it was used in Johann Gutenberg's invention of the printing press.
The concept of an unthreaded bolt used with a nut is believed to date back to the time of the Ancient Romans when it was used to secure doors from entry. Some historians believe that the principle of the screw thread predates the Ancient Greeks and was first developed by the Ancient Egyptians.
The first firms to manufacture a machine to produce nuts and bolts were Besson in France during the second half of the 16th century and the English firm of Hindley of York during the 17th century. The first factory mass-production process for screw threads was developed in England in 1760.