Thanks to the efforts of First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt, the New Deal included economic relief for women in the form of work opportunities, unemployment compensation and the ability to form unions. Prior to the First Lady's involvement, post-Great Depression economic relief measures focused only on men as breadwinners. Historians say the New Deal laid the foundation for many equal rights victories women experienced in years to follow.Continue Reading
Eleanor Roosevelt received thousands of letters from American women who told her of their difficulties in finding work to feed and shelter themselves and their families. Estimates indicate there were 2 million unemployed women in the United States at the beginning of 1933.
Mrs. Roosevelt convinced President Franklin D. Roosevelt to instruct Great Depression relief director Harry Hopkins to form a women's division within the Federal Emergency Relief Administration, the original government arm of the New Deal, and to appoint a woman to manage it. Hopkins called upon Ellen Woodward to fill this role.
Woodward required every state to hire a woman to oversee its respective relief program. In 1935, at the peak of the New Deal's Works Project Administration era, the program employed 460,000 women nationwide.
The New Deal's sweeping labor laws also made it easier for workers, including women, to form unions in order to demand safe working conditions and living wages.Learn more about US History
Some interesting facts about Eleanor Roosevelt include: her father was an alcoholic, she was the first First Lady to become an active participant in her husband's politics and she knew Franklin Roosevelt as a child. Eleanor Roosevelt was also a humanitarian activist during, before and after her husband's presidency.Full Answer >
In 1935, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt passed the Social Security Act as part of the Depression recovery program known as the New Deal. The Social Security Act established a two-fold insurance program, featuring unemployment compensation and old-age retirement insurance.Full Answer >
Franklin D. Roosevelt responded to the Great Depression with a series of economic measures collectively known as "The New Deal," which were designed to help bring the country out of recession, rejuvenate the economy and give the American people confidence in banking again. The New Deal was helped along by the passage of a series of laws, beginning with the Emergency Banking Act and ending with the Farm Credit Act.Full Answer >
American Shirley Muldowney has been given the nickname "the First Lady of Drag Racing" thanks to her trailblazing efforts at a time when not many women were involved with the sport. In addition to being a pioneer for women in a male-dominated sport, Muldowney is also a record-breaking racer. Muldowney was the first woman to receive an official Top Fuel dragster license from the National Hot Rod Association (NHRA), the governing body of drag racing, and she went on to win multiple NHRA Top Fuel championships. Muldowney's wins in 1977 and 1980 made her the first person to ever win two Top Fuel titles.Full Answer >