The Miami Indians cultivated and ate maize, beans, squash, pumpkins and melons. They also hunted and ate game that was widely available where they lived in the American Midwest, including fish, mollusks, water-fowl, deer, elk, small game, and bison.
When Europeans first began to settle the United States in the 1600s, the Miami people inhabited the area south and west of Lake Michigan. They moved west of the Mississippi to Indiana during the 1660s, being displaced by the Iroquois. During summers, they established villages and raised crops. Most of the meat they consumed came from hunting deer and elk, which were hunted all year, and from bison, which they harvested during a communal summer hunt.