The most notable changes in Mexico after the revolution were arguably the rise of the National Revolutionary Party known in modern times as the Institutional Revolutionary Party, the end of the feudal hacienda system, the introduction of industrial capitalist and agrarian socialist policies such as commercial and collective farms, the centralization and streamlining of the government even as presidential term limits were introduced and a boom in Mexican art and literature. The Mexican Revolution lasted from 1910 to around 1920 and included multiple conflicts among many factions striving for control over the country.Continue Reading
While the tenure of Álvaro Obregón as president from 1920 to 1924 ostensibly ended the Mexican Revolution, conflict in the country continued on a smaller scale for the next decade, including the Cristero War from 1926 to 1929 and the assassination of Obregón in 1928 after he won a second presidential term. Insurrections and political violence never wholly left Mexico as a result of the revolution. One example of this is the Zapatista revolt in the 1990s, which took its name from the revolutionary figure Emiliano Zapatista.
The revolution also led to a flourishing of culture in Mexico. Corridos, or folk songs detailing local events, grew in popularity as a result of the revolution, while the Mexican Muralist Movement was the result of an attempt to educate the largely illiterate common people through murals depicting the history of the country. Writers like Mariano Azuela also created some of Latin America's most celebrated literature by exploring the events of the revolution.Learn more about Exploration & Imperialism
The Green Revolution refers to the introduction of new agriculture methods that began in Mexico in 1945. The Green Revolution was initiated by the Mexican government to start new varieties of grain in the country to feed the growing population, according to Reference.com. USAID director William Gaud created the term “Green Revolution” in comparison to the “Red Revolution” of the Soviets and the “White Revolution” of the Shah of Iran.Full Answer >
The primary cause of the Mexican Revolution was the policies of the administration of Porfirio Díaz. The Díaz administration mistreated the poor and rural workers and implemented unpopular land laws that ceded the land of small farmers to wealthy foreigners.Full Answer >
World War II resulted in many far-reaching and long-term effects on the course of history, some of which included a major rearrangement of the power balance between nations, the beginning of the Atomic Age and the Cold War, the end of colonial empires and the rise of nationalism within former colonies, the creation of the United Nations and the European Union, numerous border changes and a restrengthening of the United States economy which had been previously debilitated by the Great Depression. The balance of power shifted to two major post-war alliances: NATO, which was led by the United States, and the Warsaw Pact led by the Soviet Union. This resulted in the Cold War power struggle and the eruption of several proxy wars, such as the Vietnam Conflict.Full Answer >
Mexico was colonized by the Spanish. The armies of Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes defeated the Aztecs on Aug. 13, 1521. The conquest of the Yucatan was a much longer campaign, lasting from 1551 to 1697.Full Answer >