Martin Luther King, Jr. fought for civil rights because he envisioned a world where black citizens and white citizens were treated equally. He realized that even victories such as Brown v. Board of Education, which desegregated schools, were not doing much to eliminate racism in the country.Continue Reading
Shortly after Reverend King moved to Montgomery, Ala., Rosa Parks made her famous stand and refused to move from her seat on a city bus. This caused a boycott of the city's bus system, and King was chosen to be the leader. The boycott lasted more than a year, and eventually bus segregation was ruled unconstitutional.
This victory propelled him to join with other civil rights activists and form the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. As president of the Conference, he promoted civil disobedience such as sit-ins and marches. The movement gained momentum, and on August 28, 1963, King gave his famous "I Have a Dream" speech during the March on Washington. The following year, President Lyndon Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 into law.
Despite all of King's victories, he gained many enemies who were opposed to his vision. On April 4, 1968, James Earl Ray fatally shot him while at a hotel in Memphis. In 1983, Congress declared every third Monday in January to be Martin Luther King, Jr. Day.Learn more about US History
Martin Luther King, Jr. was a Baptist minister in Alabama and Georgia who went on to become one of the leaders of the African-American Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 1960s. King, then serving as the minister at Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama, rose to national prominence in 1955 as the spokesman of the Montgomery bus boycott that began after the arrest of Rosa Parks. King's role in the boycott allowed him to meet President Eisenhower.Full Answer >
Martin Luther King, Jr. had four children in total. His children were Yolanda Denise, born in 1955, Martin Luther King III, born in 1957, Dexter Scott King, born in 1961, and Bernice Albertine, who was born in 1963.Full Answer >
As a leader of the African-American Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 1960s, Martin Luther King, Jr., helped to win the fight for equal rights for all races. King served as the leader of the Montgomery, Alabama, bus boycott that culminated in the 1956 Browder v. Gayle U.S. District Court case ruling, which declared racial segregation on buses unconstitutional.Full Answer >
In his famous open letter from the Birmingham Jail, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. defended both his right and his moral grounds for organizing nonviolent protest activities in support of the civil rights of African Americans. He defended breaking laws when those laws are unjust.Full Answer >