Martin Luther King, Jr. was a humanitarian and social reformer who fought for African-American civil rights during the 1950s and 60s. He was assassinated in 1968.Continue Reading
His famous "I Have a Dream" speech proclaimed a vision of equality and galvanized generations of Americans to fight against social and racial injustice. He was a leading activist in the American Civil Rights Movement.
King was an inspirational force which led to nonviolent protests against segregation in the 1950s, including the Montgomery Bus Boycott. He also took part in the 1963 March on Washington, a political rally which was a seminal event in advancing equal rights for African Americans. These campaigns were primary factors in the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
King based his philosophy of peaceful civil disobedience on his Christian beliefs. He was also influenced by Mahatma Gandhi, the Indian political leader who used nonviolent tactics to lead the Indian independence movement against British rule in the 1930s and 40s. Martin Luther King, Jr. was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964 and is remembered on the third Monday of January, which has been an official American holiday since 1986.Learn more about US History
Martin Luther King, Jr. had four children in total. His children were Yolanda Denise, born in 1955, Martin Luther King III, born in 1957, Dexter Scott King, born in 1961, and Bernice Albertine, who was born in 1963.Full Answer >
Martin Luther and Martin Luther King, Jr. share some similarities, such as their positions as leaders who changed the world and their religious beliefs. Both argued against the laws and doctrines that ruled their era. Both men had a wife and children.Full Answer >
Martin Luther King, Jr. fought for civil rights because he envisioned a world where black citizens and white citizens were treated equally. He realized that even victories such as Brown v. Board of Education, which desegregated schools, were not doing much to eliminate racism in the country.Full Answer >
Martin Luther King, Jr. had four children with his wife, Coretta Scott. Their oldest, Yolanda Denise King, was born in 1955 and was followed in 1957 by Martin Luther King III. Dexter Scott King and Bernice Albertine King were born in 1961 and 1963, respectively.Full Answer >