King believed in many things, and one was that black Americans should be compensated for all the wrongs that had been done to them throughout history. He stated that by granting these people equality could not realistically makeup for everything that had been done in the past.
Born in Atlanta, Georgia, Martin Luther King Jr. was the forerunner in the movement towards equal rights for all. He was a member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), and he led many boycotts, marches and rallies.
King was a Baptist minister who helped to found the Southern Christian Leadership conference. He helped organize nonviolent struggles against segregation and the 1962 March on Washington, where he delivered his most well-known "I Have a Dream Speech."
With this speech, he became known as one of the greatest speakers in American history. In 1964, he won the Nobel Peace Prize, and in 1965, he helped organize the famous Selma to Montgomery marches. In 1968, King was working on a new campaign in Washington called the Poor People's Campaign when he was assassinated on April 4. His death was the cause of many riots in the U.S. James Earl Ray was the man who was convicted of killing King.