Martin Luther King, Jr. believed in a number of interrelated principles that served as the foundation of his social activism, including Christianity, non-violence and racial equality. King viewed his Civil Rights work from a spiritual perspective and attempted to distance himself from party politics.Continue Reading
King showed no major attachment to either of the two major political parties. His objective position was the result of a personal philosophy that considered the American Civil Rights question as being higher than politics. King was deeply influenced by his Christian faith. He generally framed his public discourses within the context of Jesus Christ's teachings. In particular, he viewed non-violence as aligning with Christ's injunction to "turn the other cheek."
Biography.com relates King's famous devotion to non-violence. King became convinced of the power of non-violence following a visit to India. Bayard Rustin, a civil rights activist who had closely studied Ghandi's work, mentored Dr. King and guided him in the implementation of non-violent tactics. King and his associates in the civil rights movement did not respond to aggression with violence or hate. During marches, they continued to demonstrate peacefully even when presented with physical harm.
King also believed in reparations. He argued that the United States government should redress slavery by bestowing the African American community with monetary compensation.Learn more about US History
Martin Luther and Martin Luther King, Jr. share some similarities, such as their positions as leaders who changed the world and their religious beliefs. Both argued against the laws and doctrines that ruled their era. Both men had a wife and children.Full Answer >
Martin Luther King, Jr. fought for civil rights because he envisioned a world where black citizens and white citizens were treated equally. He realized that even victories such as Brown v. Board of Education, which desegregated schools, were not doing much to eliminate racism in the country.Full Answer >
Martin Luther King, Jr., received numerous awards, including the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964. At the time, he was the youngest man and the second American to earn the honor. While identified as an outstanding personality of the year by "Time" in 1957, the magazine also named him its "Man of the Year" in 1963.Full Answer >
Martin Luther King, Jr. had four children with his wife, Coretta Scott. Their oldest, Yolanda Denise King, was born in 1955 and was followed in 1957 by Martin Luther King III. Dexter Scott King and Bernice Albertine King were born in 1961 and 1963, respectively.Full Answer >