During the Civil Rights movement, Malcolm X was a leader in the Nation of Islam and the African-American community. Malcolm X offered a different perspective on the views of the mainstream Civil Rights movement. He advocated for and encouraged establishing a separate black community. Malcolm X promoted violence rather than nonviolence as a tool for self-defense and encouraged separation rather than integration.
Malcolm X promoted an adamant belief in the evils of the white man and white America. He advocated for black supremacy and lived by the phrase “by any means necessary.” Malcolm X personified the philosophy of "Black Power" and black self-determination.
During the 1960s, Malcolm X grew unsatisfied with the nonviolent, united struggle for civil rights in the African-American community and led a revolt against white America for its crimes against African-Americans. He detested integration and was a spirited advocate for African-American rights. For more than a decade, Malcolm X was the public face of the Nation of Islam and promoted the group's beliefs. Malcolm X emphasized Pan-Africanism and black self-defense. During this period of time, white America and some civil rights activists accused Malcolm X of promoting racism and violence. However, as of 2014, he is viewed as one of the most influential African-Americans in history.