Louis the XVI called the Estates General meeting in 1789 to address issues of taxation. The meeting brought together representatives from France's three Estates, which were comprised of Catholic clergy, nobility and the general population. The Third Estate, the general population, was 97 percent of France's population, and its representatives wanted to address the Third Estate's comparative lack of representation at the Estates General meeting.Continue Reading
Prior to the meeting, only members of the Third Estate paid taxes. However, Louis the XVI thought that all of the people in France should pay taxes to get the country out of financial crisis. The clergy in the First Estate and the nobility in the Second Estate already took care of the country's land and schools, and they felt that their contributions were significant enough that they should not have to pay taxes.
The members of the Third Estate were tired of not having fair representation, so they attempted to set up a secret meeting with representatives from the other Estates. When the King heard about the plans for the secret meeting, he canceled the Estates General meeting. As a result, three representatives met in one of the castle's tennis courts, and they decided to write the French constitution.Learn more about French Revolution
The Roman numeral XVI is equal to 16. The X is ten, the V is five and the I is one. When these three numerals appear in this order, they are added together. Additional Roman numerals include L for 50, C for 100, D for 500 and M for 1000.Full Answer >
The court of Louis XIV was the political, social and cultural center of Europe during his long reign. Louis pioneered the centralized modern state, and the absolutist monarchy he created served as a model for virtually every other government in Europe.Full Answer >
Pope Benedict XVI was born Joseph Ratzinger in 1927 and grew up in Nazi Germany. After rising through the ranks of Catholic hierarchy, he became the Pope in 2005 and resigned in 2013.Full Answer >
Despite his reputation as the king who drove France to revolution, King Louis XVI was successful in instituting equal rights for non-Catholics, supporting American revolutionary efforts and refusing to raise taxes. Many of the fiscal problems that King Louis XVI faced were inherited, though he was never able to effectively address them.Full Answer >