According to A&E Television Network's Biography.com, Louis Pasteur invented the process called pasteurization. Pasteurization is the heating of beverages, such as milk, to destroy harmful bacteria.
Pasteur's discovery that microbes caused alcohol to sour led him to determine that it is possible to kill bacteria by heating liquids and then letting them cool. His work in germs theory also led to the invention of the vaccinations for anthrax and rabies. Pasteur was a French chemist and microbiologist who studied at the École Normale in Paris. He earned a Bachelor of Arts in 1840, Bachelor of Science in 1842 and doctorate in 1847.