Q:

What did the Keating Owen Child Labor Act do?

A:

Quick Answer

The Keating Owen Child Labor Act of 1916 aimed to prevent the exploitation of children by banning the sale and shipment of goods produced by workers under age 16 in mines and under age 14 in factories, canneries and stores. The act also restricted children under 16 from working more than eight hours daily between 6 a.m. and 7 p.m. and limited them to a six-day workweek.

Continue Reading

Full Answer

The act was inspired by a census in 1900, which reported that roughly two million children were employed in the United States, exposing them to poor health and environmental conditions. They were typically immigrant children living in poverty and working more than 12 hours a day. The children had a high risk of injuries and illness and sacrificed attending school to help support their families. The act was backed in congress by Representatives Robert Latham Owen and Edward Keating and legalized by President Woodrow Wilson.

To effectively regulate child workers, the act also established a force of inspectors who could perform periodic evaluations without giving notice. The Attorney General and the Secretaries of Labor and Commerce were charged with creating an advisory board to define and update child labor regulations. However, the Supreme Court considered the act unconstitutional because the child labor agenda took advantage of the federal government's powers to regulate interstate trade.

Learn more about US History

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is the Pendleton Act?

    A:

    The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act, or the Pendleton Act, states that U.S. Government employees should be hired on merit and not political reasons. It was passed in 1883 after President James Garfield was assassinated by a disgruntled job seeker.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is a Stamp Act?

    A:

    The British 1765 Stamp Act, a law that taxed all printed papers and stamped them "paid," was a major trigger for the American Revolution, according to the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation. Colonists found this tax to be unfair because, for the first time, the British government was taxing them to raise money instead of as a form of commercial regulation.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What was the purpose of the Tea Act of 1773?

    A:

    The purpose of the British Tea Act of 1773 was to provide economic support to the failing East India Company by allowing it to sell its overstocked tea directly to American colonists. Contrary to popular belief, this legislature did not propose any new taxes to the colonists.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What did the Voting Rights Act of 1965 accomplish?

    A:

    The Voting Rights Act of 1965 (VRA) banned discrimination against voters at the local, state and federal levels of government. The VRA passed in 1965 following a long and tumultuous history of discriminatory treatment against minorities in the United States, particularly African-Americans. The VRA served as an important milestone in improving rights for all citizens of the U.S. by giving all documented citizens the opportunity to participate in elections.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore