Julius Caesar's rise to power began with his military service, after which he returned to Rome and began a career in politics. His military exploits and political skills led to his raising of a private army to defend Rome against the king of Pontus in 74 B.C. A later appointment as quaestor and other governmental positions, including the governship of a Spanish province, consul and then a military victory in Egypt, led to Caesar being declared dictator for life and earned him the title of Father of his Country.
Although Caesar is well known in the annals of history, the truth is that his rule of Rome lasted just a single year before he was assassinated. During that year, however, Cesar made many reforms that changed the face of Rome forever. Changes in the Roman Senate ensured that it better represented the people. He resurrected Corinth and Carthage, cities that had been previously destroyed, and shored up his rule and power.
Caesar was assassinated in a coup on March 15, 44 B.C. His death led to a power struggle that eventually brought down the Roman Republic. He was the first Roman figure to receive deification, and the Senate gave him the posthumous title of the "Divine Julius."