Joseph Lister died on February 10, 1912 of pneumonia at Walmer, Kent in England. He was born in April of 1827 in Essex, England, received a medical degree in 1852 and went on to work at the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary as an assistant surgeon in 1856.
Lister also went on to work at the Glasgow Royal Infirmary as a surgeon. While there, he observed that nearly 50 percent of patients died due to bacterial infections of their wounds after surgery. After reading Louis Pasteurs work, Lister experimented with wound dressings in carbolic acid. By doing so, he decreased the rate of infection. He is also famous for introducing hygienic practices during surgery such as hand washing, instrument sterilization and spraying the surgery room with a carbolic acid spray.