What did Joseph Jacquard invent?


Quick Answer

Joseph-Marie Jacquard invented the programmable loom, called the Jacquard loom, in 1801. This loom was able to weave complex patterns programmed into the machine with punch cards and string.

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Full Answer

The Jacquard loom could produce complex designs using punch cards, and it could also be programmed to loop a specific design to create a continuous pattern in the fabric. Weavers initially opposed this invention due to fears of losing their jobs to the mechanised loom, but France was home to 11,000 of these looms by 1811. Joseph received regular royalty payments for the loom after it was deemed public property and taken over by the government in 1806.

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