John Fitzgerald Kennedy changed the world when he became the 35th President of the United States, and is most remembered for his significant foreign policy contributions such as creating the Peace Corps and successfully leading the United States through the Cuban missile crisis in addition to passing the civil rights bill. Kennedy did, much to his dismay, have to make the decision to escalate the United States conflict with Vietnam because he did not want communism to spread throughout the world.
Kennedy was assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald, who was well known for his Communist beliefs. John F. Kennedy was nicknamed "Jack" and had eight siblings. The family was well known for its accomplishments with John's sister Eunice founding the Special Olympics and his brother Robert rising to the status of U.S. Attorney General. The Kennedy children were a close-knit group and supported each other throughout life.
John won the presidency against Nixon on November 8, 1960. His presidency was historic in many ways as he was the second youngest president elected in American history, the first Catholic president and was also the first president born in the 20th century. His inauguraladdress, given on January 20, 1961, is famous for its line, "Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country."